Roman historiography
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Roman Historiography. Republican SEMINAR II: Sallust BC 1-5 Party Politics ch1. Sallvst. Thucydidean Influence. View of human nature View of historiography Concentration Selection Omission Emphasis on politics Analyses of human behavior. Style-Thucydides poetic language

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Roman Historiography

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Roman historiography

Roman Historiography

Republican

SEMINAR II:

Sallust BC 1-5

Party Politics ch1


Sallvst

Sallvst


Thucydidean influence

Thucydidean Influence

  • View of human nature

  • View of historiography

    • Concentration

    • Selection

    • Omission

    • Emphasis on politics

      • Analyses of human behavior


Thucydidean influence1

Style-Thucydides

poetic language

variety of grammatical usage

inconcinnity

rapidity

Style- Sallust

Poetic/archaic vocab

unusual grammatical turns

inconcinnity

rapidity

of thought & expression

compression & omission

variatio

Thucydidean Influence


Sallvstian style

Sallvstian Style

  • Archaism

  • Asyndeton

  • Parataxis

  • Hyperbaton

  • Inconcinnitas

  • Brevitas

    • antithesis


Party politics personalities programs

Party Politics Personalities & Programs


Outline

outline

  • Sources

  • Classes

  • Constitution

    • Magistracies

    • Assemblies

    • elections

  • Factiones/Partes

  • Roman Revolution

    • Gracchi

    • Marius v. Sulla

    • Pompey, Crassus, Caesar

  • Participants/scene


Party politics personalities programs1

Party PoliticsPersonalities & Programs

  • amazing primary sources

    • Caesar’s commentarii

    • Sallust’s BC, BJ, Historiae, Epistulae ad Caesarem?

    • Cicero’s speeches, essays, letters

  • Taylor’s quellenforschungen

    • In text

    • In footnotes 2 & 3

      • great example of modern scholarly evolution

        • Compare Ramsey p.6


Party politics personalities programs2

Party Politics Personalities & Programs

  • Roman Republican gov’t

    • Checks & balances

    • Aristocratic control

    • Ti. Gracchus

      • sword carried into assembly

    • Liberty v. equality

      • Class division based on landed property


Ordines

Ordines

  • Patricians: (patricii)

    • from patres

      • title applied to members of Senate

      • patrician clans claimed descent from earliest Senators

    • highly privileged aristocratic class

    • hereditary membership

      • only by birth (until end of Republic)


Ordines1

Ordines

  • Plebeians: (plebeii)

    • from plebs

    • all Roman citizens not patrician


Struggle of the orders plebeian milestones

Struggle of the Ordersplebeian milestones

  • 494 BC: First Secession of the Plebs

    • established their own assembly (the Concilium Plebis)

    • elected their own magistrates, the Tribunes and the Plebeian Aediles.

  • 450 BC: Law of the Twelve Tables, first codification of Roman law

  • 445 BC: patricians and plebeians permitted to intermarry

  • 367 BC: plebeians became eligible for the consulship

  • 342 BC: one of the two Consuls must be a plebeian

  • 339 BC: one of the two Censors must be a plebeian

  • 300 BC: half of the priesthoods (also state offices) must be plebeian

  • 287 BC: Third Secession of the Plebs

    • won concession that all plebiscites (measures passed in Concilium Plebis) had the force of law for entire Roman state


Struggle of the orders

Struggle of the Orders

  • non-violent methods

  • Reshaped Aristocracy

    • Aristocracy of birth replaced with aristocracy based on political office and wealth, particularly land-based wealth.

  • Society remained hierarchical, class-based

    • Large gap between top and bottom citizen classes


Roman citizen classes

Roman Citizen Classes

  • Patrician

  • Senatorial (Plebeian)

  • Equites (Plebeian)

  • Property Owners (Plebeian)

  • Capite Censi (Plebeian)


Money property requirements

Money Property Requirements

  • ≈ 16 asses = 4 ƒ = 1 denarius

  • ƒ1,000,000 for Senatorial

  • ƒ400,000 for Equites

  • ƒ3,000 for 4th class


Party politics

Cursus honorum jpg

Party Politics


Party politics personalities programs3

Party PoliticsPersonalities & Programs

  • Nobiles

    • Military service requirements class determined

      • Cavalry/officer class

    • Centuriate Assembly

      • Vote for consuls praetors

      • Vote in order by class

    • Senate

      • Ex-magistrates life-time membership

      • Subdivisions based on rank (highest office held)

        • Asked to speak in order of rank

        • Election to office influenced by family & hereditity

          • novus homo


Party politics personalities programs4

Party PoliticsPersonalities & Programs

  • Equites

    • Cavalry/officer class


Party politics personalities programs5

Party PoliticsPersonalities & Programs

  • Pedites Foot Soldier Classes

    • Class based on property rating

      • ƒ50,000

      • 4 classes for small farmers

      • No landed property


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