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The Police Marque Secured Housing Urban planning & design Buildings & Blocks Street Lay-Out Public Area Dwellings S O K G W Urban planning and Design (S): S1 (recommendation) Differentiation according to dwelling S2 (recommendation) Height and scale of building S3

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The police marque secured housing l.jpg

The Police Marque Secured Housing

Urban planning & design

Buildings & Blocks

Street

Lay-Out

Public Area

Dwellings

S

O

K

G

W


Urban planning and design s l.jpg
Urban planning and Design (S):

S1

  • (recommendation)Differentiation according to dwelling

S2

(recommendation)Height and scale of building

S3

(recommendation)Connection to surrounding buildings

S4

Access of the district

S5

Routes for slow traffic

S6

Lay-out and rear paths

S7

(recommendation)Recreation & public parks & gardens

S8

(recommendation)Facilities in the neighbourhood

(recommendation)Facilities that draw a great number of people

S9


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S1-Differentiation according to dwelling

(recommendation)

WHAT: Variety as to the type, size, price, ownership and low-rise or high-rise

HOW: The variation consists of homogeneous clusters of dwellings

Neighbour-

hood

Neighbour-

hood

Neigh-bour-hood

Neighbour-

hood

Residential area


S2 height and scale of building l.jpg
S2 - Height and scale of building

(recommendation)

WHAT: Residential buildings not more than 5 floors high

HOW: Low-rise buildings maximum 20 connected


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S3 - Connection to surrounding buildings

(recommendation)

WHAT:The newly built area is well connected to the existing residential area

HOW:Clear and attractive entrances,the lack of no man’s land (max. 100 m), the clustering of traffic flows


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S4 - Access of the district

Basic requirement

WHAT:The access of the residential district is controlled

HOW:< 500 houses: max. 2 main entrances for motorised traffic > 500 houses: max. 4


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S5-Routes for slow traffic

Basic requirement

WHAT: Routes for cyclists and pedestrians are socially safe

HOW:Minimal one safe route in front side of the houses; no tunnels, fly-overs or subways on the routes; On recreational routes no false appearance of safety.


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S6-Lay out and rear paths

Basic requirement

WHAT:A socially safe structure is approached

HOW: No rear paths or no ´go through´ structure the lay-out is complying with demand K4 ´Rear paths´


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S7-Recreation and public parks and gardens

(recommendation)

WHAT:When the neighbourhood holds over 500 private houses there is space for recreation and public green.

HOW: Smaller (green) belts are found scattered over the residential area, among others for the purpose of play.


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S8 - Facilities in the neighbourhood

(recommendation)

WHAT:Facilities are not a source of nuisance

HOW: Above at least 60% of the shops there are private houses with a view on the facilities; Footpaths from and to the facilities are within the sight of private houses; Sufficient facilities for bicycles.


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S9 - Facilities that draw a great number of people

(recommendation)

WHAT: Facilities are located in such a way as to create as little nuisance as possible in the neighbourhood.

HOW: At the outskirts of the residential area. No short cuts. Short, survivable routes to stops of public transport.

Routes for slow traffic are linked with the routes of other (motorised) traffic.


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Public areas (O):

Public lighting

O1

Parking outside

O2

Public car park

O3

Tunnels and subways

O4

(recommendation) Stops for public transport

O5

Enclosed areas

O6

Street furniture

O7

Facilities for the young

O8

Walls/surfaces/partitions; anti-graffiti

O9

(recommendation) Plan for the management and supervision of public areas

O10


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O1 - Public lighting

Basic requirement

WHAT: Clear, non-glaringly and evenly illuminated in the dark. People are recognisable at a distance of at least 4 metres.

HOW: Horizontal lighting intensity (E average) = 3 lux and evenness measures at least 0,3 Uh. The RA value at least RA 25 or (E average) = 2 lux and 0,3 Uh at RA 60 or (E average) = 3 lux and 0,2 Uh at RA 60. Trees do not interfere.


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O2 - Parking outside

Basic requirement

WHAT: Parking facilities for occupants and visitors close to dwellings and residential buildings. Good view on the parking facilities from their houses.

HOW:Parking on own property or small car parks holding a maximum of 20 cars, within sight of at least 2 dwellings. Larger car parks at residential buildings are socially safe, easy to survey and well-illuminated.


O3 public car park l.jpg
O3 - Public car park

Basic requirement

WHAT:Public car parks are socially secure and well manageable.

HOW:Tough lightning demands. Entry, exit at day time: 200 lux, night time: 100 lux; parking spaces 40 lux, RA-value 60, E average 0,50 Uh AND good through sight, proper signposting. Entrances are secured after closing hours.


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O4 - Tunnels and subways

Basic requirement

WHAT: Tunnels and subways used by cyclists and pedestrians are socially secure and well illuminated.

HOW:Use by various kinds of traffic. Minimum width & height. Lighting demands. Sufficient overview. Graffiti resistant coating or easy to clean material. Flat surface; there are no niches or recesses. Unobstructed view from surrounding buildings


O5 stops for public transport l.jpg
O5 - Stops for public transport

(recommendation)

WHAT:Stops for public transport must be highly visible.

HOW:In view of the surrounding buildings. Planting or other obstacles do not interfere with the view. The shelters are transparent and illuminated


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O6 - Enclosed areas/court yards

Basic requirement

WHAT: Should not be prone to vandalism and should not be a source for nuisance, nor should the surrounding buildings be at extra risk of burglary.

HOW: Good view from surrounding buildings. Area can be closed off or easily made secure. Area has been divided into separate parts (so no intensive sports). Footpaths well lit.


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O7 - Street furniture

Basic requirement

WHAT:Street furniture should not lead to vandalism, graffiti or anti social behaviour.

HOW:Small facilities are combined. Avoid nuisance at benches used as a place ‘to hang out’. Materials are durable, resistant to vandalism.


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O8-Facilities for the young

Basic requirement

WHAT: Play facilities are secure and available to young people of all age groups. Supervision is possible and nuisance is minimised.

HOW: Separate play facilities for the various age groups. Good view from dwellings at play facilities for young children. Facilities for teenagers, within the sphere of influence, but not within direct view of the dwellings. With teenagers direct view is not necessary, but optional.


O9 walls surfaces partitions anti graffiti l.jpg
O9-Walls/surfaces/partitions; anti-graffiti

Basic requirement

WHAT:Graffiti on walls and surfaces of buildings and other constructions in public areas is to be prevented as much as possible.

HOW:Screened off surfaces by planting or graffiti resistant coating or a coating of material that is easy to clean.


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O10 - Plan for the management

(recommendation)

WHAT:Agreements on (the role of safety) in managing and supervising the living environment have been laid down in writing by all relevant parties.

HOW:Maintenance plan, ´call desk´, quick repair and cleaning, regular supervision, structural repairs. Co-operation and communication with occupants.


Lay out k l.jpg
Lay-out (K):

(recommendation) Lay-out and location of single-family dwellings; Front

K1

(recommendation) Lay-out and location of single-family dwellings; Back

K2

(recommendation) Lay-out and location of residential buildings

K3

Rear paths

K4

(recommendation) Division of the gardens

K5

A block of storerooms, sheds or private garages; location

K6


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K1- Lay-out and location of single-family dwellings; Front

(recommendation)

WHAT: From public places there is a good view on the front sides and entrances of the dwellings. Distance and clear separation between public and private grounds is achieved.

HOW:Dwellings have a front and/or side garden with longitude 2 to 5 meters. Front is flat or the recesses and receding parts of the building line do not interfere with the sight lines and social security.


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K2 - Lay-out and location of single-family dwellings; Back

(recommendation)

WHAT: The rear is screened off and difficult to access by burglars and other unauthorised persons.

HOW: The rear of the dwellings clearly has a personal character. Accessibility restricted by fully closed block or no rear paths or no continuous rear paths with limited access.


K3 lay out and location of residential buildings l.jpg
K3 – Lay-out and location of residential buildings

(recommendation)

WHAT: Due to location of the building, it can be well supervised and is socially secured. There is distance and clear separation between public and private grounds for accommodation on the ground floor.

HOW:The accommodations on the ground floor have a garden or a terrace over the entire width of the dwelling. Entrances of the building are highly visible, no obstructions, good lighting, short secure routes to car park.


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K4 - Rear paths

Basic requirement

WHAT:Any rear paths should be socially secure, are overlooked and not appear inviting to unauthorized persons.

HOW: Preferable straight (has no sharp bends, twists or forks) or the corners are rounded and good lighting, min.1.5 meters in width, no ‘go through’ structure. Each side of the rear path opens up to 10 residential properties. More properties means wider paths or closed paths with a communal fence.


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K5-Fencing of the grounds

(recommendation)

WHAT:For dwellings along access roads or near entrances to the residential area fencing of the grounds is provided as a barrier against burglars and other unauthorized persons.

HOW:With a barrier between the (back) gardens of (corner) residential properties, min. height 1.80 meter.


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K6 - A block of storeroomssheds or private garages

Basic requirement

WHAT: A block of sheds or private garages is positioned in such a way that an area that is socially secured and has natural surveillance is created.

HOW:Small concentrations (a maximum of 20 sheds or 10 private garages). Visible from residential properties. Sufficient lighting.


Building g l.jpg
Building (G):

Residential building; size and compartmentalization

G1

(recommendation)Balconies

G2

Entrance section residential building

G3

(Entrance) doors communal areas

G4

Lighting communal areas

G5

Lift

G6

Communal storeroom facility; arrangement and extent

G7

Storage: Doors, windows and ventilation holes: burglary potential

G8

Facilities in a residential building

G9

Communal bicycle shed

G10

Built-in car park (belonging to a residential building)

G11

(recommendation) Walls/surfaces/partitions; anti-graffiti

G12

Plan for the management and supervision of

the residential building

G13


G1 residential building size and compartmentalisation l.jpg
G1 - Residential building; size and compartmentalisation

Basic requirement

WHAT:The residential building is recognisable both in size and lay-out and not accessible for unauthorised persons.

HOW: A residential building has a restricted number of dwellings at each gallery. Compartmentalisation of galleries or corridors and fire escapes are gated and not easy to be climbed up.


G2 balconies l.jpg
G2 - Balconies

(recommendation)

WHAT:The (private) outside space in the case of upstairs flats facilitates contact between the street and the occupants, without providing opportunities for climbing.

HOW: Balustrades and fences are made of a transparent material. Barriers between adjoining balconies. No opportunities for climbing.


G3 entrance section residential building l.jpg
G3 - Entrance section residential building

Basic requirement

WHAT:The entrance should look inviting to occupants and visitors, but not to unauthorized persons. The arrangement provides occupants the ability to know and recognize one another.

HOW: Entrance in view of the public area, limited recess, good lighting, storage for bicycles, entrance burglar resistant, intercom, outside access mailboxes, good trough sight by use of glass.


G4 entrance doors communal areas l.jpg
G4 - (Entrance) doors communal areas

Basic requirement

WHAT:The (entrance) doors of communal areas, such as store-rooms, the car park, the bicycle shed, are self- closing and protected against ‘slipping’. They provide a safe escape route.

HOW: Doors are self-closing; provision to prevent ‘slipping’; key-less opening from the inside with an ellipse-shaped or three-cornered knob; outside no door handle; fitted with clear, transparent (wired) glass.


G5 lighting communal areas l.jpg
G5-Lighting communal areas

Basic requirement

WHAT:The communal areas in a residential building are properly lit.

HOW: Clear, non-glare and even lighting in the entire area, with a lighting intensity of minimally 20 Lux at 1 meter from the floor. RA value is min. 20. Vandal resistant fittings.


G6 lift l.jpg
G6 - Lift

Basic requirement

WHAT:The lifts in a residential building are socially secured and properly lit.

HOW: A mirror that is vandal resistant on the rear wall of the lift. Communication and/or alarm facility. Good lighting (50 lux). Visitors have no admittance to communal areas.


G7 communal storeroom facility l.jpg
G7 - Communal storeroom facility

Basic requirement

WHAT:The communal storeroom facility has an arrangement that is both practical as well as socially secured.

HOW: Max. 25 separate storerooms or (closed off) compartments with max 25. Access at ground level. Straight corridors. Impact-proof mirrors. Lighting acc. to specifications G5.


G8 storage burglary resistance of doors windows and ventilation openings l.jpg
G8 - Storage: Burglary resistance of doors, windows and ventilation openings

Basic requirement

WHAT:The doors to storerooms (cellar storerooms) in a residential building are sufficiently burglar resistant.

HOW: Burglary resistant doors that meets standard NEN 5096 (= CEN-ENV 1627) class 2, or equal. No use of glass. For openings under 15 cm, no specifications.


G9 amenities in a residential building l.jpg
G9 - Amenities in a residential building

Basic requirement

WHAT: Any amenities not related to the aspect of living (shops, businesses, etc.) within the residential building do not disturb (the social safety of) the aspect of living.

HOW: No amenities that could possibly cause inconvenience. Amenities have an independent entrance. Visitors to the amenities cannot enter the communal areas of the residential building.


G10 communal bicycle shed l.jpg
G10 - Communal bicycle shed

Basic requirement

WHAT:If there are no private storage facilities (such as sheds, store-rooms, etc.) there is a burglary resistant and properly lighted communal storage accommodation for bicycles, with sufficient capacity. Burglar proof glass within 70 cm of the door handle.

HOW: Sufficient capacity. Doors, windows and lighting meets requirements G4, G5, G9. Impact resistant glass.


G11 built in car park belonging to a residential building l.jpg
G11 - Built-in car park (belonging to a residential building)

Basic requirement

WHAT:Car parks belonging to occupants of a residential building are socially secured and properly controlled.

HOW: Car park is is locked and can only be opened by authorized persons. Good lighting (40 lux). Good overall view (mirrors). Clear marking & proper signposting. Max. of 25 storerooms leading direct into garage.


G12 walls surfaces partitions anti graffiti l.jpg
G12 - Walls/surfaces/partitions; anti-graffiti

(recommendation)

WHAT:Graffiti on walls andsurfaces of the residential building is prevented as strongly as possible.

HOW: (Blind) walls and surfaces are protected by green strips, plants, graffiti-proof coating or easy to clean materials.


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G13 - Plan for the management and supervision of the residential building

Basic requirement

WHAT:Arrangements on (the place of security in the) maintenance and management are recorded in writing.

HOW:Maintenance plan; ´call desk´; quick repair and cleaning; regular supervision; structural repairs; Co-operation and communication with occupants.


Dwelling w l.jpg
Dwelling residential building(W):

View of the public area

W1

Entrance; view and lighting

W2

Doors; burglary potential

W3

Windows and ventilation holes; burglary potential

W4

Skylights; burglary potential

W5

Garage; windows, doors and lighting

W6

Storeroom, shed; windows, doors and lighting

W7

Smoke detector

W8

(recommendation) Alarm system

W9

Information and communication

W10


W1 view of the public area l.jpg
W1 - residential buildingView of the public area

Basic requirement

WHAT:The dwelling provides a view of the public area adjoining the dwelling.

HOW: Sight on the public area. Window(s) on house fronts.Bushes, sheds, fences, railings or other obstacles in the gardens do not restrict the view.


W2 entrance view and lighting l.jpg
W2 - residential buildingEntrance; view and lighting

Basic requirement

WHAT:The entrance to the dwelling is socially secured and user- friendly, visible from the surrounding area and from the dwelling itself. There is a power point for lighting.

HOW: In view of the public area. No set back or recess is minimal. If recess than light is installed. Occupant can see visitors when door is closed. Power point for lighting.


W3 doors burglary potential l.jpg
W3- residential buildingDoors; burglary potential

Basic requirement

WHAT:All doors that can be reached and that give access to the dwelling are sufficiently burglary resistant and user friendly.

HOW: Burglary resistant doors that meets standard NEN 5096 (= CEN-ENV 1627) class 2. Single handling function; easily opened with one same key.


W4 windows and ventilation holes burglary potential l.jpg
W4- residential buildingWindows and ventilation holes; burglary potential

Basic requirement

WHAT:All accessible windows and ventilation holes that can provide access to the dwelling are sufficiently burglary resistant.

HOW: Burglar resistant windows or vents that meets standard NEN 5096 (= CEN-ENV 1627) class 2. For openings under 15 cm; no specifications.


W5 skylights burglary potential l.jpg
W5 - residential buildingSkylights; burglary potential

Basic requirement

WHAT:Skylights, dormer windows which can provide access to the dwelling are sufficiently burglary resistant.

HOW: Burglar resistant skylights and dormer windows that meets standard NEN 5096 (= CEN-ENV 1627) class 2. For openings under 15 cm, no specifications.


W6 garage burglary potential and lighting l.jpg
W6 – Garage; burglary potential and lighting residential building

Basic requirement

WHAT: All doors, windows, sky-lights, ventilation openings of garages should be burglary resistant if they are accessible. Power point for lighting.

HOW: Burglar resistant doors, windows, sky-lights and ventilation openings that meets standard NEN 5096 (= CEN-ENV 1627) class 2. For openings under 15 cm, no specifications. Power point for lighting.


W7 storeroom shed burglar potential and lighting l.jpg
W7 - residential buildingStoreroom, shed; burglar potential and lighting

Basic requirement

WHAT:All doors, windows, sky-lights, ventilation openings of (freestanding) storerooms and sheds are sufficiently burglary resistant.

HOW: Burglar resistant doors, windows, sky-lights and ventilation openings that meets standard NEN 5096 (= CEN-ENV 1627) class 2, or equal. For openings under 15 cm; no specifications. Power point for lighting.


W8 smoke detector l.jpg
W8 - residential buildingSmoke detector

Basic requirement

WHAT:Occupants are warned in time when smoke develops.

HOW: Smoke detectors are installed according to National Building Standards and have seal of approval of the certification institute.


W9 measures at higher risks l.jpg
W9 – residential buildingMeasures at higher risks

(recommendation)

WHAT:Casings, cable ducts and meter cupboard are made in such a way that a burglar alarm system can be installed later without breakage and is not vulnerable to interference.

HOW: There are pipes for the wiring of an alarm to the front door and the back wall on the ground floor for a later installation of detectors. Position plans provided for occupants.

PS: Only applicable for dwellings with a value of 1.5 times the average market value in the region.


W10 information and communication l.jpg
W10 - residential buildingInformation and communication

Basic requirement

WHAT:Occupants of secured dwellings are informed about safe behaviour.

HOW: Occupants receive (written) information on the proper use of the provisions installed. Attention is also given to the use of keys and escape routes in case of fire.


General information l.jpg
General information residential building

ACCESSIBILITY

PROCEDURE

WHO WHAT WHERE

BACKGROUND

RESULTS

HOW TO USE


Accessibility l.jpg
Accessibility: residential building

WHAT: All doors, windows, skylights, ventilation openings, dormer windows on higher floors should be burglary resistant and should meet the W-requirements if they are accessible.

HOW: Accessible are: doors, windows, sky-lights, ventilation openings, dormer windows according to NEN 5087 (5,50/3,50 m en 2,40 m combined with stand van minimal0,4 x 0,4 meter). And all higher up if there are clear possibilities of climbing up. (roof slope = +/- 50%)


Procedure l.jpg
Procedure: residential building

  • Apply with independent rural appraisal commission

  • Decision on applicable basicrequirementsand recommendations

  • Consult & assistance by building plan advisor (ALO) (external of internal)

  • Preliminary Marque on building plans & descriptions

  • Independent inspection

  • Definite Marque (10 yr valid dwellings, 5 years for complex and area)

  • Possibility of dispensation (equal value) & exception regulation


Who what where l.jpg
Who, What, Where residential building

  • Excellent results

  • Voluntarily but not without demands

  • 10 year validation for dwellings, 5 years for complex and area

  • Manual with basic requirements and recommendents

  • Nation-wide training, organisation and communication materials

  • www.politiekeurmerk.nl


How did the marque come into being l.jpg
How did the Marque come into being? residential building

  • 1989 Rooted in British Secured by Design

  • 1990 Thesis - Checklist Social Safety and Built Environment

  • 1992 Research on Netherlands demands

  • 1994 Experimental Manual for new projects. Extended testing and live experiments. Evaluation.

  • 1997 Manual for refurbishment

  • 1998 Nation-wide introduction

  • 1999 Final development by ACPO

  • 2001 Start of Managing Foundation - CPI

  • 2005 Transition to CCV (Government Foundation)

  • 2008 Marque Secured Housing


How to use it l.jpg
How to use it: residential building

  • There is only one Marque, but there are more situations where you can use it1. Marque for new estates 2. Marque for refurbishment (BB)3. Marque for individual dwellings (tenants) 4. Marque for individual dwellings (owners)

    Ad 1. Contract

    Ad 2. Agreement

    Ad 3. Move and big scale maintenance

    Ad 4. Benefits and subsidise

  • Choice: expertise own staff or external

  • Imperative: basic knowledge of the Marque


The results l.jpg
The results: residential building

  • 120.000 burglaries in 1995 dropped to around 80.000 in recent years.

  • Risk of burglary in secured dwelling drops up to 90% (new estates)

  • 5.500.000 (app.) certificates for dwellings

  • 50.000 (app.) new dwellings under Marque each year.

  • 3000 trained prevention advisors throughout the existence of de Marque.

  • 500 (app.) licensed security corporations


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Thank you for your attention residential building


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Process Secured by Design residential building

  • Departments within the local authority develop according the basic requirements and recommendations of Secured by design.

  • Before continuing to the next phase the Centre of Crime prevention and Safety and Security (CCV) offers the possibility (at minimal expense) to have plans checked by experts for extra assurance before the building process starts.

  • Inspections by the inspection institution (II) this ensure all requirements have been met.


Translation politie hollands midden owner centrum voor criminaliteitspreventie en veiligheid l.jpg

Translation: Politie Hollands Midden residential buildingOwner: Centrum voor Criminaliteitspreventie en Veiligheid


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