Pol 102 introduction to comparative politics
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POL 102: Introduction to Comparative Politics PowerPoint PPT Presentation

POL 102: Introduction to Comparative Politics. Instructor: Dr. Gang Guo E-mail: [email protected] A Shrinking World. Events around the world affect us all Globalization how international economic, social, cultural, and technological forces are affecting events inside individual countries.

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POL 102: Introduction to Comparative Politics

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Pol 102 introduction to comparative politics

POL 102: Introduction to Comparative Politics

Instructor: Dr. Gang Guo

E-mail: [email protected]


A shrinking world

A Shrinking World

  • Events around the world affect us all

    • Globalization

    • how international economic, social, cultural, and technological forces are affecting events inside individual countries.

  • We live in a time of crisis

  • The world is changing significantly and quickly


Why we compare

Why we compare?

  • Alexis de Tocqueville

  • Democracy in America

  • “Although I very rarely spoke of France in my book, I did not write one page of it without having her, so to speak, before my eyes”

  • “Without comparisons to make, the mind does not know how to proceed”


Why we compare1

Why we compare?

  • Comparison is fundamental to all human thought

  • Comparison is the methodological core of scientific study of politics

    • compare the past and present

    • compare experiences of various nations

    • develop explanation

    • test theories


How we compare

How we compare?

  • Description of political phenomena

    • conceptual framework

  • Explanation of political phenomena

    • causal relationship

    • test theories:

      • large numbers (large “n”): statistical studies

      • small numbers (small “n”): case studies

  • Prediction of political phenomena


Politics

Politics

  • public decisions

  • within a community

    • political system

  • authoritative

    • Power: ability to get people or groups to do what they otherwise would not do

  • coercive means

    • force and monetary resources


Political system

Political system

  • System

    • interdependent parts and boundaries

  • Political system

    • set of institutions and agencies

      • government

      • political organizations (parties, interest groups)

    • formulate and implement collective goals of a society or of groups within it


State

State

  • State

    • a particular type of political system

    • has sovereignty (independent legal authority)

  • “night watchman state”

  • police state

  • welfare state

  • types and strength of states


Government

Government

  • Government

    • organizations of individuals

    • authorized by formal documents

    • make binding decisions on behalf of a particular community

  • philosophical debates

    • why government exist?

    • state of nature


Government serve functions

Government serve functions

  • community-building

    • nation

      • large-scale communities

      • common perceived identity

    • political culture

      • public attitudes toward politics and their role within the political system

    • political socialization


Government serve functions1

Government serve functions

  • providing security, law, and order

    • external security

      • national defense forces

    • internal security

      • police forces

    • government monopoly

  • protecting economic, social, and political rights


Government serve functions2

Government serve functions

  • promoting economic efficiency and growth

    • market failures in capitalist economies

      • property rights, competition, and information

    • undersupply of public goods

      • parks, roads, national defense, environment

    • negative externalities

      • environmental degradation

    • natural monopolies


Social justice

social justice

  • redistribute resources

    • equal opportunities


  • Login