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ALL MUSIC HAS VALUE TO SOMEBODY What is Music? What is Music? The Organization of Sound in Time What is Music? The Organization of Sound in Time Sound Time Organization Hearing vs Listening Passive listening (hearing) - being mildly aware of sound

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ALL MUSIC HAS VALUE TO SOMEBODY



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What is Music?

  • The Organization of Sound in Time


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What is Music?

  • The Organization of Sound in Time

  • Sound

  • Time

  • Organization


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Hearing vs Listening

  • Passive listening (hearing) - being mildly aware of sound

  • Active listening - concentrating on sounds.


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Properties of Objects

  • Size

  • Shape

  • Color

  • Texture


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Elements of Music

Pitch

Duration

Dynamics

Timbre


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Pitch

  • High or low sounds (notes)


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Pitch

  • High or low sounds (notes)

  • Melody - the “tune”. A series of pitches heard one at a time.

  • Motive - a short, instantly recognizable idea. Like a musical "word". Usually, a melody consists of several motives.


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Pitch

  • Harmony: Two or more sounds heard at the same time. Chords.

  • Consonant - stable sound

  • Dissonant - unstable sound


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Pitch

  • Interval - The distance between two pitches.

  • Conjunct - step (small interval)

  • Disjunct - leap (large interval)


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Pitch

  • Vibrato - a rapid, slight variation of pitch.

  • Produces a stronger, richer tone.

  • Done by voices and instruments (many, but not all).


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Pitch

  • Phrase - Part of a melody - when singing, as much as you sing in one breath


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Pitch

  • Shape - the contour of a melody - mapping out the highs and lows.


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Pitch

  • Cadence - Resting place. Complete (final / permanent) or incomplete (temporary or a mid-way pause).

  • A phrase will often end with a cadence.


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Duration

  • The element of time.


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Duration

  • Beat - the steady pulse that flows through a piece of music.

  • Fast or slow

  • May be easy to hear (or feel), or it may not be.

  • Nonmetric - If the beat is not evident.


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Duration

  • Meter - how the beats are grouped.

  • Most often in either in 2, 3 or 4 (most common)

  • Usually first beat is accented.

  • Occasionally, meter is in another grouping.


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Duration

  • Tempo - the speed of the beats.

  • Fast or slow.

  • Remember, the beat usually remains steady


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Duration

  • Rhythm - a pattern of beats and accents, shorts and longs.

  • Often the rhythm is a pattern that repeats.


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Duration

  • Syncopation - when the emphasis falls on a beat that is normally not accented.

  • An exception in “classical” music, but a feature of “popular” music.


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Dynamics

  • Volume. Loud or soft

  • The relative loudness or softness.

  • Relative - loud to a flute is not the same as loud to a trumpet!


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Dynamics

  • p = piano - soft

  • f = forte - strong (or loud)

  • Mezzo- = medium or half

  • -issimo = very


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Dynamics

  • pp = pianissimo

  • p = piano

  • mp = mezzo-piano

  • mf = mezzo-forte

  • f = forte

  • ff = fortissimo


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Dynamics

  • pp - p - mp - - mf - f - ff

  • -3 -2 -1 (0) 1 2 3


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Dynamics

  • Crescendo - gradual increase in volume

  • Decrescendo - gradual decrease in volume

  • Subito - sudden change in volume


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Timbre

  • A description of the actual sounds you are hearing.


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Timbre

  • Timbre can be a list of the instruments or voices that you hear.

  • Timbre can also refer to the variations in tone color of a specific instrument (a bright guitar or dark voice).


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