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ALL MUSIC HAS VALUE TO SOMEBODY What is Music? What is Music? The Organization of Sound in Time What is Music? The Organization of Sound in Time Sound Time Organization Hearing vs Listening Passive listening (hearing) - being mildly aware of sound

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Presentation Transcript
what is music3
What is Music?
  • The Organization of Sound in Time
what is music4
What is Music?
  • The Organization of Sound in Time
  • Sound
  • Time
  • Organization
hearing vs listening
Hearing vs Listening
  • Passive listening (hearing) - being mildly aware of sound
  • Active listening - concentrating on sounds.
properties of objects
Properties of Objects
  • Size
  • Shape
  • Color
  • Texture
elements of music

Elements of Music

Pitch

Duration

Dynamics

Timbre

pitch
Pitch
  • High or low sounds (notes)
pitch11
Pitch
  • High or low sounds (notes)
  • Melody - the “tune”. A series of pitches heard one at a time.
  • Motive - a short, instantly recognizable idea. Like a musical "word". Usually, a melody consists of several motives.
pitch12
Pitch
  • Harmony: Two or more sounds heard at the same time. Chords.
  • Consonant - stable sound
  • Dissonant - unstable sound
pitch13
Pitch
  • Interval - The distance between two pitches.
  • Conjunct - step (small interval)
  • Disjunct - leap (large interval)
pitch14
Pitch
  • Vibrato - a rapid, slight variation of pitch.
  • Produces a stronger, richer tone.
  • Done by voices and instruments (many, but not all).
pitch15
Pitch
  • Phrase - Part of a melody - when singing, as much as you sing in one breath
pitch16
Pitch
  • Shape - the contour of a melody - mapping out the highs and lows.
pitch17
Pitch
  • Cadence - Resting place. Complete (final / permanent) or incomplete (temporary or a mid-way pause).
  • A phrase will often end with a cadence.
duration
Duration
  • The element of time.
duration19
Duration
  • Beat - the steady pulse that flows through a piece of music.
  • Fast or slow
  • May be easy to hear (or feel), or it may not be.
  • Nonmetric - If the beat is not evident.
duration20
Duration
  • Meter - how the beats are grouped.
  • Most often in either in 2, 3 or 4 (most common)
  • Usually first beat is accented.
  • Occasionally, meter is in another grouping.
duration21
Duration
  • Tempo - the speed of the beats.
  • Fast or slow.
  • Remember, the beat usually remains steady
duration22
Duration
  • Rhythm - a pattern of beats and accents, shorts and longs.
  • Often the rhythm is a pattern that repeats.
duration23
Duration
  • Syncopation - when the emphasis falls on a beat that is normally not accented.
  • An exception in “classical” music, but a feature of “popular” music.
dynamics
Dynamics
  • Volume. Loud or soft
  • The relative loudness or softness.
  • Relative - loud to a flute is not the same as loud to a trumpet!
dynamics25
Dynamics
  • p = piano - soft
  • f = forte - strong (or loud)
  • Mezzo- = medium or half
  • -issimo = very
dynamics26
Dynamics
  • pp = pianissimo
  • p = piano
  • mp = mezzo-piano
  • mf = mezzo-forte
  • f = forte
  • ff = fortissimo
dynamics27
Dynamics
  • pp - p - mp - - mf - f - ff
  • -3 -2 -1 (0) 1 2 3
dynamics28
Dynamics
  • Crescendo - gradual increase in volume
  • Decrescendo - gradual decrease in volume
  • Subito - sudden change in volume
timbre
Timbre
  • A description of the actual sounds you are hearing.
timbre30
Timbre
  • Timbre can be a list of the instruments or voices that you hear.
  • Timbre can also refer to the variations in tone color of a specific instrument (a bright guitar or dark voice).
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