What is Debate? .
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1. Debate Introduction and Overview
2. What is Debate?
3. Why Debate? Leadership Skills
Critical Thinking Skills
Thinking on Your Feet
Critical Listening Skills
Teamwork and Cooperation
4. Listening Skills What kind of car do I drive?
Which teacher had to jump my car on Tuesday?
Which teacher had to jump my car on Thursday?
What kind of car does my brother drive?
What is my brother’s name?
What is my dog’s name?
What breed is my dog?
What is my favorite movie?
Who is my favorite author?
Name one (or more) of my favorite musical artists.
5. Student Objectives "Skill" objectives A. To understand and communicate various forms of argument effectively in a variety of contexts. B. To develop the ability to analyze controversies, select and evaluate evidence, construct and refute arguments.
"Intellectual" objectives A. To learn theories that seek to explain the process of communicating arguments with people. B. To clarify one's personal and social values through confrontation with the value judgments of others. C. To participate effectively in situations where decisions must be made.
"Social" objectives A. Promoting school and community relations through participation in an intellectual activity. B. Meeting and interacting with students from other schools in the context of a social and intellectual activity. C. To realize the simultaneous opportunities for leadership and group participation.
6. What It’s All About 5 people in a room
2 Affirmative Debaters: “We believe there’s a problem with this system, so here’s how we plan to fix it …”
2 Negative Debaters: “What? There’s no problem. Everything’s fine! If we implement the affirmative’s plan, we’ll have various new problems.”
Judge: To decide who did the better job presenting and covering the stock issues
7. How do you win a debate? 5 Specific Voting Issues:
Solvency: Does the affirmative plan solve the problem?
Harms: Are there significant harms caused by the status quo?
Inherency: Are the harms caused by the status quo?
Topicality: Is the affirmative team’s plan closely related to the topic?
Significance: Are the harms of the significant, and not just minor problems? Numbers/and or quality prove.
8. Stock Issues SITDASH
9. Common Judging Paradigms Stock Issues: A stock issues judge believes that the affirmative plan must fulfill all their burdens.
Policy: The win is determined by which side presents sufficient evidence and logical argument to persuade the judge that their position/policy is either more advantageous or presents fewer disadvantages.
Tabula Rosa (Tabs): Focuses on key arguments and telling the judge how to weigh the round.
10. Elements of Debate Presenting a Prima Facie Case: Latin for “at first view,” this term applies to a case that alleges facts adequate to prove the underlying conduct supporting the cause of action and thereby prevail. In debate, a prima facie case must include:
Resolution Stated (Topicality)
Harms and Significance
An Affirmative Plan
11. Elements of Debate Definition of Terms: Each year a topic selection committee proposes a certain resolution. These are policy resolutions. Your first task is to examine each word and know all of the possible meanings.
12. Elements of Debate Inherency: An intrinsic part of things. This means in debate that the affirmative team shows that evil (harms) in the present system (status quo) result from a defect in the system that must be corrected through change.
13. Elements of Debate Presumption: Closely related to inherency in that it describes a system that should remain intact unless a good reason for change is given. Presumption lies with the negative team. The negative argues that there are risks to change.
14. Elements of Debate Harms: An affirmative team must prove that harms exist in the present system. For example, a thousand children who died as a result of a defective toy would be considered a harm.
15. Elements of Debate Significance: The key characteristic of a proposition is significance. The problem to be debated should affect many people from around the country or world. The affirmative must demonstrate that their plan is significant.
16. Elements of Debate Uniqueness: This is a most important debate theory. For example, when an event occurs, did it happen as a unique trait of one element? If an affirmative team claims improvements to a problem area, those improvements must be directly related to the proposed plan, not caused by other factors.
17. Elements of Debate Fiat:
The power of the affirmative or negative to implement their plan or counterplan; the assumption that the plan will go into action. If the affirmative supports a plan that would take over banks, the negative cannot argue that the plan is unconstitutional and unimplementable. If the affirmative wants, it can change the constitution and fiat the plan into action.
18. Elements of Debate Advantages/Disadvantages:
Many debates revolve around the team’s weighing advantages of their case versus the disadvantages the other team claims will result from the proposed change. The affirmative may begin by introducing a plan and listing its advantages. The negative team will spend their time arguing disadvantages.
19. Skills of Debate Materials and Evidence: Supporting contentions with sufficient and convincing evidence.
Analysis: Getting to the heart of the question, sound reasoning, logical conclusions.
Organization: Clear and logical presentation of material, following normal speaker’s duties for the various speeches.
20. Skills of Debate Refutation: Direct clash with the opposition, destroying opponent’s arguments and reinforcing your own
Delivery: Effective public speaking that results in a favorable impact on the audience
Cross-Exam Skills: Effective Questioning which should identify weaknesses in the oppositions case that are subsequently used in the remaining speeches
21. Critical Thinking Skills: A-R-E Making an Argument:
Assertion: A statement that you’re trying to prove with argument
Reasoning: The “because” part of your argument, offering support for your assertion
Evidence: Support for your reasoning, using reliable research and resources
22. Effective Delivery In the world of debate, you will encounter those that believe speed equates success.