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ALEXANDER’S LIFE A QUEST JOURNEY. THE WORLD OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT: A REHEARSAL FOR GLOBALIZATION. I. Note: This is a Beta-version. All photograph credits will be added in the final version. GREECE AND PERSIA BEFORE ALEXANDER. GREECE AND ASIA MINOR ABOUT THE TIME OF ALEXANDER.

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ALEXANDER’S LIFE A QUEST JOURNEY

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ALEXANDER’S LIFEA QUEST JOURNEY

THE WORLD OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT:

A REHEARSAL FOR GLOBALIZATION. I

Note: This is a Beta-version. All photograph credits will be added in the final version.


GREECE AND PERSIABEFOREALEXANDER


GREECE AND ASIA MINORABOUT THE TIME OF ALEXANDER


PERSIAN KING DARIUS I RECEIVES TRIBUTEWITH HIS SON XERXES BEHIND HIM


ACROPOLIS IN ATHENS WITH THE UNFINISHEDPARTHENON BEFORE480 B.C.


480 B.C. XERXES OVERLOOKS THE BAY OF SALAMIS AFTER BURNING THE ACROPOLIS, SURE HIS NAVY WILL DEFEAT THE ATHENIANS.


ATHENS FLOURISHES AFTER THE PERSIAN INVASIONS


THE AGORA, THE PUBLIC SPACE WHERE ATHENIANS CONDUCT THECITY’S BUSINESS.


THEATER OF DIONYSUS


THE ACROPOLIS RESTORED AFTER THE PERSIANS SACKED AND BURNED IT


THE NEW PARTHENON WITH THE BRIGHTLY PAINTED PEDIMENTS WHOSE COLORS FADED OVER TIME


THE FORTY FOOT HIGH STATUE OF ATHENA, PAINTED AND PLATED IN GOLD, THE VIRGIN GODDESS OF WISDOM AND WAR


TEMPLE OF ERECHTHEUS, WITH THE SACRED OLIVE OF ATHENA, WHOSE BURNT STUMP SENT FORTH NEW SHOOTS AFTER THE PERSIANS DEPARTED


GREECE AND ASIA MINORABOUT THE TIME OF ALEXANDER


A MODERN MAP OF THE AREA. MACEDONIA IS CLOSER TO ALBANIA AND BULGARIA THAN TO THE CITIES OF MAINLAND GREECE


ALEXANDER IN MACEDONIA


KING PHILIP THE GREAT OF MACEDONIAFATHER OF ALEXANDER


OLYMPIAS MOTHER OF ALEXANDER


PHILIP’S PALACE IN MACEDONIA


THE YOUNG ALEXANDER (RECONSTRUCTED)


ALEXANDER AND BUCEPHALUS


THE SCHOOL WHERE FOR THREE YEARSARISTOTLE TUTORED ALEXANDER


ARISTOTLE AND A MANUSCRIPT FRAGMENT WITH THE WORDS “PHILOSOPHOS” AND “EPITOME”


MACEDONIAN MOSAIC OF LION HUNT


HEPHAESTIONALEXANDER’SCOMPANION


ASSASSINATION OF PHILIP 336 B.C.ADVANCE FORCE OF 10,000ALREADY ACROSS HELLESPONT


ALEXANDERAGAINSTPERSIA


MACEDONIA TOEGYPT334 B.C. TOSPRING 331 B.C.


ALEXANDER IS SAID TO BE DESCENDED FROM ACHILLES, THE YOUNG HERO OF HOMER’S ILIAD. ON THE JOURNEY ALEXANDER SLEEPS WITH THE ILIAD AND A DAGGER BENEATH HIS PILLOW.


IN ASIA, IN A GESTURE OF SYMBOLIC IDENTIFICATION, ALEXANDER STOPS FIRST WHERE THE GREEKS IN THE ILIAD DESTROYED TROY. ALEXANDER’S IS THE ARMY OF HOMER’S GREEK HEROES REBORN.


Battle of River Granicus May 334 B.C.


PERSIANANDGREEKFOOTSOLDIERS


PERSIAN CAVALRY IN DEFENSIVE FORMATION, PERSIAN INFANTRY AND THE MACEDONIAN PHALANX


ALEXANDER VS. DARIUS III AT THE BATTLE OF THE ISSUS 333 B.C.


ALEXANDER


DARIUS III KING OF THE PERSIANS


THE SEIGE OF TYRE 332 B.C.


LUXORTHE PRIESTSUNEXPECTEDLYNAMEALEXANDERPHARAOHOFEGYPT


OASIS OF SIWAHTHREE WEEKS INTO THE DESERT


AT SIWAH ALEXANDER CONSULTSTHE ORACLE OF ZEUS AMMON


FOUNDED ALEXANDRIA IN EGYPT331 B. C.


ALEXANDER’SJOURNEY THROUGH FARTHER ASIA


BATTLE OF GAUGAMELASEPT. 30 OR OCT 1 331 B.C.END OF THE PERSIAN EMPIRE


ENTERINGBABYLON, NOW LIBERATED FROM ITS PERSIAN OVERLORDS 331 B.C.


PERSEPOLISPRINCIPAL RESIDENCEOF PERSIAN KINGS, BURNED BY ALEXANDER MAY 330 B.C.


DARIUS FOUND SLAIN BY PERSIAN RIVAL JULY 330 B.C.


KANDAHAR, WHOSE MODERN NAME IS A VARIATION ON ITS ORIGINAL NAME, ALEXANDR-IA.FEBRUARY 329 B.C.


SAMARKAND, KEY PERSIAN FORTRESS IN NORTHERN AFGHANISTAN329 B.C.


IN NORTHERN AFGHANISTANALEXANDER WEDS ROXANE,DAUGHTER OF THE SOGDIAN BARON, OXYARTES327 B.C.


PROSKYNESISSPRING 327 B.C.


HINDU-KUSH (L) AND KHYBER (R) MOUNTAINS 329 B.C.


ALEXANDERINVADES INDIA 327 B.C.


INDUS RIVER


TAXILA RUINS FROM ALEXANDER’S TIME326 B.C.


BATTLE OF THE HYDASPES MAY 326 B.C.PORUS’ WAR ELEPHANTS SPOOK ALEXANDER’S HORSES


ALEXANDER’S TACTICS DEFEAT ELEPHANTS


BATTLE OF THE HYDASPES


GREEK MAP OF THE WORLD


ALEXANDER’SRETURNTO BABYLON


THE INDUS DELTA


THE MAKRAN DESERTFALL 325 B.C.


SHIRAZ


TOMB OF CYRUS THE GREATFOUNDER OF THE PERSIAN EMPIRE


TOMB OF CYRUS(RECONSTRUCTED)


ALEXANDER’SREENTRYINTOBABYLON323 B.C.


ENFORCED MACEDONIAN-PERSIAN AMALGAMATION 324 B.C.ALEXANDER MARRIES ONE DAUGHTER OF DARIUS AND HAS HAEPHESTION MARRY HER SISTER APRIL 324 B.C.AT SAME CEREMONY 80-100 TOP MACEDONIAN OFFICERS ARE REQUIRED TO TAKE IRANIAN BRIDES. THIRTY THOUSAND IRANIAN YOUTHS GIVEN RIGOROUS MACEDONIAN MILITARY TRAINING RETURN FROM THAT TRAINING FOR SERVICE. ALEXANDER SENT A DECREE TO THE GREEK CITIES REQUIRING THEM TO SET UP CULTS TO WORSHIP HIM AS A GOD.


DEATH OFHEPHAESTIONOCTOBER 324 B.C.


ALEXANDER EXPLORES EUPHRATES’ MARSHES BELOW BABYLON 323 B.C.


ALEXANDER DIES FROM FEVER JUNE 323 B.C.(A SKY CHARIOT BEARING ALEXANDERSCULPTURE FOUND IN ARMENIA)


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