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Chapter 22 Alcohol. Lesson Three Alcohol, the Individual, and Society Pgs 574-579. Long-Term Effects of Alcohol. Excessive alcohol use over a prolonged period of time can damage most body systems. In teens alcohol use can interfere with growth and development. Changes in the Brain.

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chapter 22 alcohol

Chapter 22Alcohol

Lesson Three

Alcohol, the Individual, and Society

Pgs 574-579

long term effects of alcohol
Long-Term Effects of Alcohol
  • Excessive alcohol use over a prolonged period of time can damage most body systems.
  • In teens alcohol use can interfere with growth and development
changes in the brain
Changes in the Brain
  • Addiction
  • Loss of Brain Function-loss of verbal skills, visual and spatial skills, and memory
  • Brain Damage-reduction of brain size and cells
cardiovascular changes
Cardiovascular Changes
  • Damage to the heart
  • Enlarged heart due to increased workload caused by alcohol
  • High blood pressure
liver problems
Liver Problems
  • Fatty liver-fat builds up and cells die
  • Alcoholic hepatitis-inflammation or infection of the liver
  • Cirrhosis-liver tissue is replaced by useless scar tissue that can cause liver failure
digestive system problems
Digestive System Problems
  • Digestive lining is damaged and can lead to stomach ulcers and cancer of the stomach and esophagus
alcohol during pregnancy
Alcohol During Pregnancy
  • When a pregnant female drinks, so does her fetus
  • A female who drinks during pregnancy risks permanent damage to the fetus
fetal alcohol syndrome
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
  • FAS is a group of alcohol-related birth defects that include physical and mental problems
  • An FAS baby may be born with a small head and deformities of the face, hands, and feet
  • Heart, liver, and kidney defects are common
  • FAS babies have slow growth and coordination and difficulties with learning, attention, memory, and problem solving
  • FAS is the leading cause of mental retardation in the U.S.
  • Alcoholism is a disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on drinks that contain alcohol
  • An alcoholic is an addict who is dependent on alcohol
  • Some alcoholics become aggressive and violent, while others are more quiet and withdrawn
symptoms of alcoholics
Symptoms of Alcoholics
  • Craving-an alcoholic has a strong need to drink
  • Loss of Control-an alcoholic cannot limit his/her drinking and is preoccupied with alcohol
  • Physical Dependence-withdrawal symptoms like nausea, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety
  • Tolerance-alcoholics need to drink more and more to feel the effects
  • Health, Family, and Legal Problems-alcoholics often suffer repeated injuries, drunk driving citations, and frequent arguments
factors affecting alcoholics
Factors Affecting Alcoholics
  • There is a genetic link to alcoholism
  • Children of alcoholics are four times more likely than other children to become alcoholics
  • Family, friends, culture, peer pressure, availability of alcohol, and stress are other factors
stage one of alcoholism
Stage One of Alcoholism
  • Abuse:
  • A person drinks and becomes intoxicated regularly
  • Lies and excuses are made about drinking
stage two of alcoholism
Stage Two of Alcoholism
  • Dependence:
  • The person reaches a point where he/she cannot stop drinking and is physically dependent. Alcohol becomes the focus.
stage three of alcoholism
Stage Three of Alcoholism
  • Addiction:
  • Drinking becomes the most important thing in life. Because of liver damage, less alcohol may be required for intoxication
effects on family and society
Effects on Family and Society
  • Alcohol plays a major role in the four leading cause of accidental death: car accidents, falls, drownings, and house fires
  • People who associated with alcoholics are codependents, and focus all of their energy onto the alcoholic
steps to recovery
Steps to Recovery
  • 1. Admission-the person admits to having a drinking problem and asks for help
  • 2. Detoxification-the process in which the body adjust to functioning without alcohol
  • 3. Counseling-the person receives counseling to learn how to live without alcohol
  • 4. Recovery-the person takes responsibility for his/her own life
  • There is no cure for alcoholism, it can only be treated
  • Recovery is the process of learning to live an alcohol-free life
  • Sobriety is living without alcohol and is a lifelong commitment
where to get help
Where to Get Help
  • Al-Anon
  • Alcoholics Anonymous
  • National Association for Children of Alcoholics
  • National Drug and Treatment Referral Routing Service