Genetic engineering
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 8

Genetic Engineering PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 93 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Genetic Engineering. Selective Breeding. Selective Breeding: allowing only animals with desired characteristics to produce the next generation. Nearly all domestic animals and most crop plants have been produced by selective breeding. Hybridization.

Download Presentation

Genetic Engineering

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Genetic Engineering


Selective Breeding

  • Selective Breeding: allowing only animals with desired characteristics to produce the next generation.

  • Nearly all domestic animals and most crop plants have been produced by selective breeding.


Hybridization

  • Hybridization: crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of both organisms.

  • E.g. Fuji apples: a cross of Red Delicious and old Virginia Ralls Genet


Inbreeding

  • Inbreeding: the continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics.

  • Risks of Inbreeding:

    • Small gene pool

    • Higher chance of genetic defects


Transgenic Organisms

  • Transgenic: organisms contain genes from other species

  • A gene from one species can be inserted into cells of another and then be used to grow new organisms.


Types of Transgenic Organisms

  • Transgenic Microorganisms

    • Bacteria used to proteins

  • Transgenic Animals

    • Study of diseases and production of proteins

  • Transgenic Plants

    • Disease resistant crops


Cloning

  • Clone: a member of a population of genetically identical cells produced from a single cell.


Where do YOU stand on cloning?


  • Login