Chapter 10. The Endocrine System. The Endocrine System. Endocrine System Characteristics. Each hormone acts only on specific cells (target cells) Only target cells have receptors for specific hormones Endocrine control slower than nervous system
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The Endocrine System
Classification of Hormones: Steroid Hormones
How Steroid Hormones Act differently with target cells
How water-soluble differently with target cells
Neurosecretory cells have characteristics of both hormone secreting cells and neurons
Low Iodide Goiter Pituitary
Exophthalmos and Hyperthyroidism Pituitary
Exophthalmos is caused by oversecretion of the thyroid hormone which leads to accumulation of fluid behind the eyes causing the eyes to bulge out.
Cretinism is characterized by mental retardation, dwarfism and delayed
sexual development and is caused by undersecretion of thyroid hormone during fetal life or infancy.