Chapter 10. The Endocrine System. The Endocrine System. Endocrine System Characteristics. Each hormone acts only on specific cells (target cells) Only target cells have receptors for specific hormones Endocrine control slower than nervous system
The Endocrine System
Neurosecretory cells have characteristics of both hormone secreting cells and neurons
Exophthalmos is caused by oversecretion of the thyroid hormone which leads to accumulation of fluid behind the eyes causing the eyes to bulge out.
Cretinism is characterized by mental retardation, dwarfism and delayed
sexual development and is caused by undersecretion of thyroid hormone during fetal life or infancy.