Thinking outside the box the arno peters map projection and africa
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Thinking outside the box - the Arno Peters map projection and africa. University of Pécs June 14, 2012. Sandor Foldi Interdisciplinary Doctoral School. Table of contents. The Mercator projection Size does matter „the Greenland problem” The Peters projection Controversies

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Thinking outside the box the arno peters map projection and africa

Thinkingoutsidethebox - theArnoPeters map projection and africa

University of Pécs

June 14, 2012

Sandor Foldi

InterdisciplinaryDoctoralSchool


Table of contents

Table of contents

  • The Mercator projection

    • Size does matter

    • „the Greenland problem”

  • The Peters projection

    • Controversies

    • ”Mapping” Africa

    • The projection’s relevanceto Africa and the global South

  • Other map projections


The mercator projection

The Mercator projection


The mercator projection1

The Mercator projection

  • The most commonly used projection

  • Gerardus Mercator – 1569

  • Originally for maritime navigation

  • Dilemma: shape or size?

  • ”Conformal” – shapes as they appear on the globe

  • Examples for area exaggeration


T he greenland problem

”The Greenland problem”


T he greenland problem1

”The Greenland problem”


The peters projection

The Peters projection


The peters projection1

The Peters projection

  • Arno Peters in 1973

  • It has:

    • Fidelity of position and area

    • Fidelity of axis

    • Different indicators with different colors

    • Neutrality

  • What about the size? – the”hanging sheet” effect

  • Helps to improve creative thinking and problem solving

  • Size and importance – socialequality


Controversies

Controversies

  • Mercator projection

    • Based on the worldview of the sixteenth century

    • Alleged eurocentrism

    • Colonial attitude

    • Favors the countries of the global North

  • Peters projection

    • In the focus of cartographic and geographic debates since its inception (Robinson, Snyder, Vajukovic, Maling, Kaiser)

    • Anti-rectangular resolution form US cartographers

      • Cartographically inappropriate


Mapping africa

”Mapping” Africa

  • Pre-colonialcartography

    • Ptolemaicconceptions

      • Gastaldi 1564, Ortelius 1570, Speed 1627…

    • The ”Age of Reason”

      • De L’Isle 1700, D’Anville1727

    • Terra incognita

    • Methodologicalcontinuity

    • Directcolonialauthority

      • Instrumentalobservations - scientificdimensiontotravellers’ records

    • Mapsfortheadministrativesystems


Poor nations rich nations

Poor nations – rich nations


Economic growth

Economic growth


Inflation

Inflation


Unemployment

Unemployment


Inequality

Inequality


Population structure adults children ratio

Population structure: Adults/children ratio


Health infant mortality

Health: Infant mortality


E xtreme map projections i

”Extreme” map projections I.


E xtreme map projections i i

”Extreme” map projections II.


E xtreme map projections i ii

”Extreme” map projections III.


What do you think

Whatdoyouthink…?

  • …which map projection is ”better”?

    • Onethatshowstruelandmassbutdistortsshape, distance and directionor

    • Vice versa?


Thank you very much for your attention

Thankyouverymuchforyourattention!


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