WMO’S ROLE IN DISASTER MITIGATION AND RESPONSE CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES by M.Jarraud Secretary-General World Meteorological Organization. El Niño. Weather, water and climate-related hazards. Hot & cold spells. Droughts. River basin flooding. Tropical cyclones.
Hot & cold spells
River basin flooding
(rain or snow)
Mud & landslides
PreventionRole of WMO in disaster management
900 Argo floats in operation by mid-2003. By 2005, some 3 000 floats are planned.
Risk Identification: Early warnings (1) reduction
Ensemble Pred. tools
Limited Area models
Time dependency of forecast methods used for the preparation and maintenance of warnings at DWD (From Thomas Shuman –DWD)
Risk Identification: Early warnings (2) reduction
Strike probability (within 65 nm) of Typhoon Rusa over the next 120 hours.
Starting time of the forecast is 27 August 2002 12 UTC.
Full dots give the observed position over the period 27 August to 1 September 2002
GLOBAL DATA PROCESSING AND FORECASTING SYSTEMS
Linkage between climate and disaster databases to assess different vulnerabilities.
A pilot project is on going in Chile linking climate with flood disaster databases with the support of WMO through the World Climate Programme as part of the activities of IATF working Groups on Climate and Disasters and on Risk, Vulnerability and Impact Assessment
WMO’s Agricultural Meteorology Programme
Provides guidance on the development of support systems for sustainable land management and agro-climatic zoning with the active participation of the Commission for Agricultural Meteorology.
Thank You reduction