history of greek and latin influence on the english language
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History of Greek and Latin Influence on the English Language. It’s a pretty big deal. Educated people in the western Roman Empire spoke Latin Today, this area is: Spain, Italy, France and Portugal

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100 b c roman empire

Educated people in the western Roman Empire spoke Latin

  • Today, this area is: Spain, Italy, France and Portugal
  • Spanish, Italian, French, and Portuguese are descended from Latin and they are called “Romance” (Roman) languages.
100 B.C. Roman Empire
43 a d roman emperor claudius ceaser conquered britain

Britain was inhabited by farmers

  • Romans built roads on raised embankments English called them highways.
  • Romans built towns for trade markets. They built layered roads (stratum) called straets, now called streets today
  • Romans measured streets by mille which was 1000 paces, now called miles.
43 A.D. Roman Emperor Claudius Ceaser conquered Britain
5 th century a d romans left

Inland European conquerors invaded England and brought Anglo-Saxon. In 597 England became a Christian country and the church’s official language was Latin

5th Century A.D. Romans left
711 a d

Moors from Africa invaded Spain. They had access to Greek books kept in Alexandria. This made Greek literature available to England.

711 A.D.
871 899 king alfred the great

Alfred had major literary works translated into Latin including grammar terms, plant names, medical terms etc.

  • Over 450 words were implemented into English.
  • Terms concerning art, religion, medicine or education are all Latin.
871-899 King Alfred the Great
1400 s isaac newton

Newton was the last English speaking scientist to write a major work in Latin in 1687: Principia Mathematica

  • English was being used in schools, but Latin was still taught.
1400’s Isaac Newton
the renaissance 1500 1650

All things Greek and Latin were cherished and there was a commitment to replicating the style of arts and language of these ancient cultures.

The Renaissance 1500-1650
the past few centuries

16th/17th centuries:

  • English was taught in schools.
  • All educated Europeans learned Latin.
  • Latin was an internationally understood language.
  • 17th/20th centuries:
  • Roman Catholic church continues to use Latin.
  • English continued to incorporate Latin and Greek into everyday language.
The past few centuries
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