History of greek and latin influence on the english language
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History of Greek and Latin Influence on the English Language. It’s a pretty big deal. Educated people in the western Roman Empire spoke Latin Today, this area is: Spain, Italy, France and Portugal

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History of Greek and Latin Influence on the English Language

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History of greek and latin influence on the english language

History of Greek and Latin Influence on the English Language

It’s a pretty big deal


100 b c roman empire

  • Educated people in the western Roman Empire spoke Latin

  • Today, this area is: Spain, Italy, France and Portugal

  • Spanish, Italian, French, and Portuguese are descended from Latin and they are called “Romance” (Roman) languages.

100 B.C. Roman Empire


43 a d roman emperor claudius ceaser conquered britain

  • Britain was inhabited by farmers

  • Romans built roads on raised embankments English called them highways.

  • Romans built towns for trade markets. They built layered roads (stratum) called straets, now called streets today

  • Romans measured streets by mille which was 1000 paces, now called miles.

43 A.D. Roman Emperor Claudius Ceaser conquered Britain


5 th century a d romans left

  • Inland European conquerors invaded England and brought Anglo-Saxon. In 597 England became a Christian country and the church’s official language was Latin

5th Century A.D. Romans left


711 a d

  • Moors from Africa invaded Spain. They had access to Greek books kept in Alexandria. This made Greek literature available to England.

711 A.D.


871 899 king alfred the great

  • Alfred had major literary works translated into Latin including grammar terms, plant names, medical terms etc.

  • Over 450 words were implemented into English.

  • Terms concerning art, religion, medicine or education are all Latin.

871-899 King Alfred the Great


1066 a d william the conquerer

  • William invaded Britain. The official language of Britain became French, which brought more Latin into English.

1066 A.D. William the Conquerer


1400 s isaac newton

  • Newton was the last English speaking scientist to write a major work in Latin in 1687: Principia Mathematica

  • English was being used in schools, but Latin was still taught.

1400’s Isaac Newton


The renaissance 1500 1650

  • All things Greek and Latin were cherished and there was a commitment to replicating the style of arts and language of these ancient cultures.

The Renaissance 1500-1650


The past few centuries

  • 16th/17th centuries:

  • English was taught in schools.

  • All educated Europeans learned Latin.

  • Latin was an internationally understood language.

  • 17th/20th centuries:

  • Roman Catholic church continues to use Latin.

  • English continued to incorporate Latin and Greek into everyday language.

The past few centuries


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