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HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2001. An Introduction By A.M.Farahat. CONTENTS. Human Development Human Development Index (HDI) Human Development Report (HDR) Human Development Report 2001 Review of Past Trends Ranking of ESCWA countries Purchasing Power Parity. 1. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT.

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HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2001

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Human development report 2001

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT2001

An Introduction

By

A.M.Farahat

A.M.Farahat


Contents

CONTENTS

Human Development

Human Development Index (HDI)

Human Development Report (HDR)

Human Development Report 2001

Review of Past Trends

Ranking of ESCWA countries

Purchasing Power Parity

A.M.Farahat


1 human development

1. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

There has always been a quest for a QUANTITATIVE measure of Human Development (HD) for the purposes of :

RANKING and,

COMPARISONS among countries.

A.M.Farahat


1 human development1

1. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

UNIDIMENSIONAL measures such as per capita income/GDP has several shortcomings. Chief among these are:

Exchange rate problems.

Price level problems.

These were largely solved through the Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) rate of exchange.

A.M.Farahat


Human development purchasing power parity ppp rate of exchange

HUMAN DEVELOPMENTPurchasing Power Parity (PPP) rate of exchange

Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) rate of exchange

A rate of exchange that accounts for price differences across countries. PPP US$1 has the same purchasing power in the domestic economy as 1 US$ has in the United States.

A.M.Farahat


1 human development2

1. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

However there was still a need for a COMPOSITE MULTI-DIMENSIONAL measure which is more representative of HD.

These requirements are largely satisfied in the HDR through computations of the HDI.

A.M.Farahat


Human development report 2001

  • HUMAN DEVELOPMENTHuman Development Report

  • Initiated in 1990 by the late Mahboub El Haq (1934-1998).

  • The purpose is to monitor HDI for the various countries of the UN and rank them accordingly

  • A report is published annually by UNDP

A.M.Farahat


2 human development index hdi introduction

2. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX(HDI)Introduction

A COMPOSITE measure of human development

Measures overall achievement of a COUNTRY in three basic DIMENSIONS.

A.M.Farahat


2 human development index hdi dimensions

2. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI)Dimensions

Longevity

Knowledge.

Decent standard of living.

A.M.Farahat


2 human development index hdi measures of dimensions

2. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI)Measures of Dimensions

Longevity: Life expectancy index

Knowledge: Education attainment index

Standard of living: Per capita income index in Purchase Power Parity,US$

HDI is the simple average of the 3 dimensional indices.

Uses World Bank PPP exchange rate

A.M.Farahat


2 human development index hdi a multidimensional composite index

2. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI)A Multidimensional Composite Index

Dimension 1

Dimension 3

Dimension 2

Indicator2.1

Indicator2.2

Indicator1.1

Indicator 3.1

Index 2.1 (0-100)

Index 2.2 (0-100)

Index 1 (0-100)

Index 2 (0-100)

Index 3 (0-100)


2 human development index hdi

2. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX(HDI)

Dimension 1

Dimension 3

Dimension 2

A long and

healthy life

Knowledge

A decent standard

of living

Indicator2.1

Indicator2.2

Indicator1.1

Indicator 3.1

Life expectation

at birth

Adult literacy

rate

Gross enrolment

ratio GER

GDP per capita

(PPP US $)

Index 2.1 (0-100)

Index 2.2 (0-100)

Adult literacy

rate Index

GER

Index

Index 1 (0-100)

Index 2 (0-100)

Index 3 (0-100)

Life expectancy

Index

Education Index

GDP Index

HDI


2 human development index hdi supplementary indices

2. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI)Supplementary Indices

Human poverty index (HPI).

HPI1

HPI2

Measures the backlog of deprivation that still in the 3 basic dimensions in developing countries (HPI1) and selected OECD countries (HDI2).

Gender-related Development Index (GDI).

Measures the inequality in the achievements in the three basic dimensions between men and women.

Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM).

It exposes inequality in opportunities in selected areas.

A.M.Farahat


3 human development reports hdr structure

3. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORTS (HDR)Structure

Each report is roughly made up of:

A main body focusing on a HD related theme.

A set of tables showing for each country:

HDI

HPI1, HPI2

GDI

GEM

Associated indicators

A.M.Farahat


3 human development report hdr themes of previous issues

3. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT (HDR)Themes of Previous Issues

1990: Concept and Measurement of Human Development

1991: Financing Human Development

1992: Global Dimensions of Human Development

1993: People’s Participation

1994: New Dimensions for Human Security

1995: Gender and Human Development

1996: Economic Growth and Human Development

1997: Human Development and Poverty Eradication

1998: Consumption for Human Development

1999: The Humanitarian Aspects of Globalization

2000: Human Rights and Human Development

A.M.Farahat


4 human development report hdr 2001 main features

4. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT (HDR) 2001Main Features

In addition to HDI and related indicators, the report provides:

A. Review of past trends

B. Theme: Making New Technologies Work for Human Development

A.M.Farahat


4 human development report hdr 2001 a review of past trends

4. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT (HDR) 2001A. Review of Past Trends

A.M.Farahat


4 human development report hdr 2001 a review of past trends1

4. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT (HDR) 2001A. Review of Past Trends

A.M.Farahat


4 human development report hdr 2001 a review of past trends2

4. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT (HDR) 2001A. Review of Past Trends

A.M.Farahat


4 human development report hdr 2001 a review of past trends3

4. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT (HDR) 2001A. Review of Past Trends

Progress in the last 30 years has been impressive…

A.M.Farahat


4 human development report hdr 2001 a review of past trends4

4. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT (HDR) 2001A. Review of Past Trends

...But the pace of the progress and the levels of achievement vary widely among regions and groups

A.M.Farahat


5 ranking of escwa countries in hdr 2001

5. RANKING OF ESCWA COUNTRIES IN HDR 2001

High HD:

Bahrain40

Kuwait43

United Arab Emirates45

Qatar48

Medium HD:

Lebanon65

Saudi Arabia68

Oman71

Jordan88

Syria97

Low HD:

Egypt105

Yemen133

Not mentioned:

Palestine

Iraq

A.M.Farahat


Thank you

THANK YOU

A.M.Farahat


6 purchasing power parity ppp

6. PURCHASING POWER PARITY (PPP)

A rate of exchange that accounts for price differences across countries. PPP US$1 has the same purchasing power in the domestic economy as 1 US$ has in the United States.

A.M.Farahat


6 purchasing power parity ppp1

6. PURCHASING POWER PARITY (PPP)

PPP data generated by UN International Comparison Programme (IPC).

Published by the University of Pensilvania and the World Bank.

In spite of its associated reservations, it’s far superior to the available alternative

A.M.Farahat


6 purchasing power parity ppp2

6. PURCHASING POWER PARITY (PPP)

PPP as a rate of conversion ensures that money exchanged for a dollar buys the same amounts of goods and services in every country. By equalizing prices every where, PPP rates deliver a measure of relative GDP which is based on what constitutes real income—the volume of goods and services embodied in GDP. The method is analogous to evaluating quantities of different years at fixed base year prices.

A.M.Farahat


6 purchasing power parity ppp3

6. PURCHASING POWER PARITY (PPP)

There are many methods of computing PPP rates, each yielding different estimates. PPP rates are estimated from survey data by computing price ratios of comparable items and aggregating them by their corresponding weights in GDP.

A.M.Farahat


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