chapter 8. Nonprofit Sector. Importance of the Nonprofit Sector to Leisure. In neighborhoods and communities across North America, millions of people are served by and give service to entities that are for public and quasi-public purposes. Nonprofit organizations affect human lives.
1.Organized.Institutional presence and structure; identifiable entity.
2. Private.Institutionally separate from the state; determine their own policies, programs, and services.
3. Not profit distributing. Do not return profits to their managers or to a set of “owners”; consider a range of stakeholders when making decisions and providing services.
4. Self-governing. In control of their own affairs.
5. Voluntary. Membership is not legally required, and they attract some level of voluntary contribution of time and money.
6. Beneficial to the public. Contribute to the public purpose and public good. (Salamon,1999; O’Neill, 2002)
Two primary goals frame the orientation of most nonprofits (Salamon,1999):
International Classification of Nonprofit Organizations (ICNPO): 12 major activity groups
(Salamon & Anheier, 1996)
More than 49 nonprofit youth and human service organizations serve young people across the United States and Canada. These include the following:
American Camp Association is a diverse community dedicated to enriching the lives of children and adults through the camp experience.
A nonprofit organization (NPO) is defined as “an association [that] must be both organized and operated exclusively for social welfare, civic improvement, pleasure or recreation or for any other purpose except profit” (Revenue Canada, 2004).