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NORD STREAM – SECURE GAS SUPPLY FOR EUROPE. Dr. Dirk von Ameln, Permitting Director, Nord Stream AG Copenhagen, 16 January 2008. GAS IS AN IMPORTANT SOURCE OF ENERGY. Baltics [19 mtoe]. United Kingdom [234 mtoe]. Poland [90 mtoe]. Sweden [52 mtoe]. Germany [340 mtoe].

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NORD STREAM – SECURE GAS SUPPLY FOR EUROPE

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Nord stream secure gas supply for europe

NORD STREAM –

SECURE GAS SUPPLY FOR EUROPE

Dr. Dirk von Ameln, Permitting Director, Nord Stream AG

Copenhagen, 16 January 2008


Gas is an important source of energy

GAS IS AN IMPORTANT SOURCE OF ENERGY

Baltics [19 mtoe]

United Kingdom [234 mtoe]

Poland [90 mtoe]

Sweden [52 mtoe]

Germany [340 mtoe]

Netherlands [82 mtoe]

coaloilgasnuclearother

PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES 2005

2


Europe needs more gas imports

EUROPE NEEDS MORE GAS IMPORTS

75% of European gas to be imported in 2015, compared to 59% in 2005

712bcm

75%

570 bcm

59%

Imports

41%

EU domestic gas production

25%

2015

2005

3

Source: Global Insight, 2007


Nord stream as a vital supply route

NORD STREAM AS A VITAL SUPPLY ROUTE

Norway 20

Nabucco (Iran) 20 to 30

For filling the import gap of 200 bcm/a, a number of projects are planned. Nord Stream can deliver 25% of additional gas import needs ofEU-27 in 2015

Nord Stream 55

LNG 90-150

re-gasification(focus on UK)

Galsi

all figures: bcm/a

4

planned

under construction

Algeria 31 to 41

Libya 3


Nord stream as a genuine european project

NORD STREAM AS A GENUINE EUROPEAN PROJECT

Major shareholders and stakeholders from the EU and Russia

One of Europe’s biggest infrastructural investments in security of supply

Intensive involvement of European companies (pipes, pipe laying, logistics, engineering, design etc.)

Significant element in the dialogue between the EU and Russia

A "natural gas pipeline[s] via the offshore route from Russia to the EU" is specifically nominated as a priority project under the TEN-E guidelines

The North European Gas Pipeline, the offshore pipeline route now known as Nord Stream, is designated as a PROJECT OF EUROPEAN INTEREST, the highest possible priority for TEN-E projects

5

Source: Decision 1364/2006/CE of the European Parliament and the Council of the European Communities, September 6, 2006


Offshore a well proven transport solution

OFFSHORE – A WELL PROVEN TRANSPORT SOLUTION

6


Offshore route a result of thorough assessments

OFFSHORE ROUTE – A RESULT OF THOROUGH ASSESSMENTS

Route selected after integrated evaluation of technical, environmental and economic aspects

Integrated feasibility study of alternative routes in 1997-99 by a Finnish-Russian consortium

The proposed route was assessed as the most feasible

7


The cost advantage

THE COST ADVANTAGE

Total costs of an offshore pipeline are some 15% lower than an onshore pipeline, calculated over an period of 25 years

190

115

115

100

100

100

100

%

77

Capital expenditure

Operational expenditure

Length

Total

Offshore

Onshore


The emissions comparison

THE EMISSIONS COMPARISON

9

Source: Global Insight, 2007


The most comprehensive trans boundary impact assessment

THE MOST COMPREHENSIVE TRANS-BOUNDARY IMPACT ASSESSMENT

National and international law sets a clear agenda for reports. In addition to this, we include all the concerns voiced by the countries in the international consultation process

  • Landfalls in Russia and Germany

  • Meteorology

  • Bathymetry and hydrograph

  • Sediment and raw material sources

  • Pelagic and benthic environment

  • Fish and fishery

  • Birds

  • Marine mammals

  • Protected areas

  • Non-indigenous species

  • Tourism and recreational areas

  • Cultural heritage

  • Military practice areas

  • Dumping sites of chemical and conventional munitions

  • Ship traffic

  • Offshore infrastructure

  • Air quality

  • Noise

  • Climate changes


High standard of risk analysis

HIGH STANDARD OF RISK ANALYSIS

  • Safety analysis involving all possible incidents(air crashes, sinking ships etc.) and respective security measures are a part of the approval process and the discussion with the involved countries

  • Safety management activities will focus on the risks profiled in the following sections and how they relate to:

    • the construction of the pipeline

    • the operation of the pipeline

    • the maintenance of the pipeline

  • Risk studies include the infrastructure itself and also all people in direct contact to the pipeline during construction and operation


Taking safety seriously

TAKING SAFETY SERIOUSLY

  • Highest safety level based on high pipe thickness

    • Pipelines thicker than 20 mm are virtually impenetrable

    • Nord Stream pipes will have a thickness of 27 to 41 mm and a concrete coating between 40 and 150 mm

  • Nord Stream will be much safer than the generally required standards

    • The probability of having interference able to create a leak in the pipeline is 10-6 per kilometre of pipeline in the Netherlands1

    • A study by the Energy Institute of London’s “Update of Loss of Containment Data for Offshore Pipelines” shows that there have been no documented incidents causing shutdowns or repairs of pipelines built since the 1980s

Nord Stream’s vision:

Our system will be the safest pipeline of this size ever built.

1 Source: Authority for monitoring the Dutch territorial waters


Uncomplicated pipeline laying process

UNCOMPLICATED PIPELINE LAYING PROCESS


Nord stream secure gas supply for europe

IMPACT ON FISH AND FISHERY

Nord Stream’s approach and intention


Nord stream s intention re fishery

NORD STREAM’S INTENTION RE. FISHERY

  • Inform fishermen regarding the impact during construction and operation of the pipeline

  • Initiate exchange of experiences among fishermen (as done in seminar on fish and fishery in Malmö on 30 November 2007 for Swedish and Danish fisher associations)

  • Listen to concerns and questions of fishermen

  • Make this cooperation the benchmark for all similar future endeavours  


Nord stream secure gas supply for europe

IMPACT ON FISHERY – DURING CONSTRUCTION

  • Temporary effects, primarily by vessels and seabed intervention works (2-3 km of pipeline can be laid per day)

  • Local-speaking observer onboard

  • Guard vessels to warn and support fishermen


Nord stream secure gas supply for europe

IMPACT ON FISHERY – DURING OPERATION

  • No specific exclusion zone for fishing necessary

  • Potential influence at some areas, where the pipe is protected by dumped rocks

  • Training programme for trawling will be developed


Impact on fish

Where the pipeline is placed directly on the seabed, sediment spreading is insignificant and effects on fish negligible

Temporary avoidance reactions from almost all fish species will occur in lay barge operating area

Pipelines on the seabed act as shelter for some fish species

Higher number of some fish species around pipelines

IMPACT ON FISH


Learning from the experiences in the north sea

LEARNING FROM THE EXPERIENCES IN THE NORTH SEA

  • Limited influence on fishery

  • Large diameter pipelines are over-trawlable

  • Intensive exchange between fisher associations and operators of infrastructure projects


Contacts

CONTACTS

Nord Stream AG

Grafenauweg 2

6304 Zug / Switzerland

Phone: +41 (0) 41 766 91 91

www.nord-stream.com

Dirk von Ameln

Permitting Director

[email protected]

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