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CELEBRATING DIVERSITY OF CHILDREN & YOUTH: EMBRACING THE MOSAIC. SANDRA A. LOPEZ, LCSW, ACSW, DCSW CLINICAL ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR UNIVERSITY OF HOUSTON GRADUATE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK. KEYNOTE OBJECTIVES. Explore diversity in homeless children & youth;

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Celebrating diversity of children youth embracing the mosaic

CELEBRATING DIVERSITY OF CHILDREN & YOUTH: EMBRACING THE MOSAIC

SANDRA A. LOPEZ, LCSW, ACSW, DCSW

CLINICAL ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR

UNIVERSITY OF HOUSTON

GRADUATE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK


Keynote objectives
KEYNOTE OBJECTIVES

  • Explore diversity in homeless children & youth;

  • Examine a framework for cultural competence;

  • Identify challenges in being culturally competent;

  • Develop practical approaches for enhancing and honoring diversity


Why is diversity important
WHY IS DIVERSITY IMPORTANT?

  • Impact of the Global Market in U.S. and high competition in business

  • Dramatic changes in U. S. population demographics

  • Individual celebration about diversity

    vs. “melting pot” approach



Hate groups in america
HATE GROUPS IN AMERICA

  • 926 Active Hate Groups in U. S. (2008)

  • California has the highest number – 84

  • Texas - 66

  • Florida – 56

  • South Carolina - 45

  • Georgia – 40 & New Jersey - 40

  • Maine, New Mexico, North Dakota – 1

    Southern Poverty Law Center www.splcenter.org







Challenges for refugee youth
CHALLENGES FOR REFUGEE YOUTH

  • Culture conflict/acculturation stress

  • Migration circumstances/trauma experiences

  • Family fragmentation

  • Legal status & resettlement process


Challenges of lgbtq youth
CHALLENGES OF LGBTQ YOUTH

  • Coming out & disclosure

  • Mental health & substance abuse & suicide

  • Sexuality & sexually transmitted diseases

  • Harassment & violence

  • Family conflict & often forced to leave home


Lgbtq african american youth
LGBTQ AFRICAN AMERICAN YOUTH

  • Experience significant disparities in mental and physical health: high rates of depression, suicidal ideation, substance abuse, and risk for STD and HIV

  • Often suffer dual discrimination, i.e., racism within the

    gay community and homophobia within African American community

  • Feel pressure to choose between their ethnic and sexual identities


Challenges of rural youth
CHALLENGES OF RURAL YOUTH

  • Often excluded from national attention & studies

  • Policy makers often operate from urban perspective

  • Less likely to live in a shelter or on streets but may sleep outdoors in the woods or parks

  • May be at higher risk for health risk behaviors, substance abuse, sexual activity



Defining culture
DEFINING CULTURE

  • Social heritage of a person

  • Way of life of a society, consisting of prescribed ways of behaving or norms of conduct, beliefs, values, and skills

  • Sum total of life patterns passed on from generation to generation within a group


Components of culture
COMPONENTS OF CULTURE

  • Collective Cultural Influences

  • Cultural Choices

  • Cultural Arts

  • Cultural Coping Systems


Collective cultural influences
COLLECTIVE CULTURAL INFLUENCES

  • Ways of relating within the group and use of time, language, beliefs, group experience, group identity, and way of life


Cultural choices
CULTURAL CHOICES

  • Food, dress, accepted norms and values, lifestyle, religion, emphasis on education


Cultural arts
CULTURAL ARTS

  • Music, dancing, architecture, and

    other forms of expression


Cultural coping systems
CULTURAL COPING SYSTEMS

  • Child rearing practices, health care practices, family structure and network, ways of identifying problems, ways of problem solving, and use of available resources



Defining cultural competence
DEFINING CULTURAL COMPETENCE

  • Refers to a set of academic and interpersonal skills that allow individuals to increase their understanding and appreciation of cultural differences and similarities within, among, and between groups

    National Center for Cultural Competence


Cultural competence model
CULTURAL COMPETENCE MODEL

  • Competency One: (Sue, 2006)

    Becoming aware of one’s own assumptions, values, and biases about human behaviors


9 things we notice about people
9 THINGS WE NOTICE ABOUT PEOPLE

  • Skin color

  • Gender

  • Age

  • Appearance

  • Facial expressions

  • Eye contact

  • Movement

  • Personal space

  • Touch

    The 4 Minute Self – Jane Elsea


Cultural identity exercise
CULTURAL IDENTITY EXERCISE

  • What is your culture? How important is your culture to you? What are beliefs/values of your culture? What are your cultural biases?


Cultural competence model1
CULTURAL COMPETENCE MODEL

  • Competency Two:

    Understanding the worldview of culturally diverse clients


Respectful approach
RESPECTFUL APPROACH

  • Refrain from judgments or assumptions

  • Practice respectful curiosity

  • Help me to understand you better

  • Take a “tell me more” approach

  • Respect diversity and differences

  • Seek out cultural brokers

  • Promote cultural competence


Cultural competence model2
CULTURAL COMPETENCE MODEL

  • Competency Three:

    Developing appropriate intervention

    strategies and techniques


Cultural bridging exercise
CULTURAL BRIDGING EXERCISE

  • Discuss a time when you were able to effectively bridge across cultures with a student? How did you practice cultural competence? What strategies did you use?


Cultural competence model3
CULTURAL COMPETENCE MODEL

  • Competency Four:

    Understanding organizational and institutional forces that enhance or negate cultural competence


System challenges exercise
SYSTEM CHALLENGES EXERCISE

  • Discuss a time when your system enhanced or negated your efforts towards cultural competence? What was this like for you?



A call to educational settings
A CALL TO EDUCATIONAL SETTINGS

  • On an organizational/educational/societal level, cultural competence means advocating effectively to develop new theories, practices, policies, and organizational structures that are more responsive to diverse homeless children & youth.



Commitment to diversity
COMMITMENT TO DIVERSITY

  • “Starting today, I will commit to being aware and appreciative of diversity and make a conscious effort to promote cultural sensitivity and competence in all of my actions”.


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