BRAZIL’S SOYBEAN PRODUCTION POTENTIAL AND COMPETITIVE POSITION VS. U.S. Dr. Robert Wisner Iowa State University. SOURCES OF INFORMATION. 4farms in three states 2railroad companies 1barge company 2truck firms 1major grain company 1soybean processor 1wet corn miller
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SOURCES OF INFORMATION
4farms in three states
1major grain company
1wet corn miller
3soybean seed producers
1new farm storage facility
Mil. TonsMil. Bu.
1973 5.0 184
2002 43.5 1,600
USDA Proj. 2003 48.0 1,766
Estimated Costs of Producing Soybeans, Iowa & Brazil,
Cost per acre
Cost per bushel
Fertilizer & lime
Farm access road through the small scrub brush of the Cerrados.
Typical dirt road in Brazil during the beginning of the dry season.
Top Soil 120 ft
Newly Cleared Land In Brazil
Planted to Upland Rice
Current and potential production in expansion areas(mmt)
Major waterway systems
Major waterway systems
Sapezal export route
Central Iowa Export Route
Ferronorte rail cars, the old and the new
1.Are in bad condition
a.different rail gauges
b.less than 300 miles of new and upgraded
c.trains derail regularly on old rail
2.Ferronorte (Soy Railroad) purchased 50 cutting edge technology locomotives and 700 new 105-ton aluminum covered hopper cars
3.Derailments essentially destroy aluminum cars
4. Major grain company buying 40 smaller hoppers
5.Very limited grain loading facilities on the new rail
Railroads - cont’d
6.New loading facilities unlikely until all new rail completed
7.Seasonal grain movements unlikely to support new railroads
8. Directly serve only small areas
9.Grain carrying capacity likely to increase but at a very modest rate
Yand justice for all
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Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Stanley R. Johnson, director, Cooperative Extension Service, Iowa State University of Science and Technology, Ames, Iowa.