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7/30/2013. EHS Issues with Taxidermy Specimens: Birds, Skeletons and Alligators Oh My. Prepared By: Dana Moracco [email protected] Jeffrey R. Sotek, PE, CSP, CIH [email protected] Why do Colleges / Universities have Taxidermy Specimens?  Valuable educational tools?

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7/30/2013

EHSIssueswithTaxidermySpecimens:

Birds,SkeletonsandAlligatorsOhMy

PreparedBy:

DanaMoracco

[email protected]

JeffreyR.Sotek,PE,CSP,CIH

[email protected]

WhydoColleges/Universitieshave

TaxidermySpecimens?

Valuable

educationaltools?

Rareglimpsesinto

past?

Curiosities?

College/

Universityinherited

themfrom

Alumni?

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7/30/2013

Taxidermy–ABriefHistory

Greekorigin“taxi”and

“derma”,whichmeans

arrangementofskin

Firstattemptsofstuffing

andmounting–16th

Century

–Arhinocerosis

reportedlyoldest

museumspecimen

20thcenturybrought

aboutthemodernerain

taxidermy

–Posinganimalsandbirds

3

WhyShouldYouCare?

Preservationmethodsused

toxicchemicalstoprotect

againstinsectinfestationand

rodents….

–Arsenicalsoapsandpastes

–Mercuricchloride

–Organicpesticides(DDT,

Dieldrin,,Alcohols,,manyy

more)

Mounts

–Asbestoscontaining?

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7/30/2013

HowManyofYouHaveSkeletonsin

YourCloset?

SampleID

Alligator

RedTailHawk

Case(CanadianGeese)

Case(InteriorWipe–Canadian

Geese)

Case(Mergansers)

Case(InteriorWipe–Mergansers)

SongBirds(StorageCase)

Butterfly(storagecase)

HorseSkulls

Orangutan

Arsenic

2,800ug/wipe

6,800mg/kg(dust)

970mg/kg(dust)

24,000mg/kg

860ug/wipe

19,000mg/kg

210ug/wipe

240,000mg/kg

NonDetect

NonDetect

NonDetect

Mercury

6.8ug/wipe

14mg/kg(dust)

2.7mg/kg(dust)

29mg/kg(dust)

1ug/wipe

80mg/kg

3ug/wipe

56mg/kg

0.42ug/wipe

0.49ug/wipe

0.39ug/wipe

ObligationsandLiability….

OSHA

–Obligationtoprovide

safeworkplace

–CompliancewithSafety

Standards

HazardCommunication

PersonalProtective

Equipment

AirborneContaminants

Students

–Exposurerisk

6

3


7/30/2013

WhereDoWeStart?

EvaluateRisk/Exposure

InspecttheCollection

–Lookforpowderyor

crystallinedepositson:

•Baseoffeathersandhair

•Aroundeyes

•Aroundmouthorbill

•Atbaseoftail

•Onfootpads

•Alongventralincision

Testing

–WipeSamples

–VacuumTrapCollection

–X-rayfluorescence

–TestStrips

Testingonthecheap

Riponfocusedonarsenic.

–XRFconfirmednoother

poisonsusedinour

collection.

Webertestvs.arsenictest

strips*

GeneralRuleof

Thumb:

Allnaturalhistory

specimensbeforethe

1980sshouldbetested

7

–UsedMacherey-Nagel

arsenicteststrips.$0.75

perspecimen

•$32for200strips.Cutin

half.1200samplesX3

tests/sample=3600tests

*“ArsenicinTaxidermy

Collections:History,Detection,

andManagement.”Marte,et

al.,Collection Forum.2006

[email protected]

$7.25/hr=$580

8

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Materials

•25mLErlenmeyerflasks

•Rubberstoppers

•Zinc

•ROwater

•1MHCl

•RubbingAlcohol

•Wipes

•Cottonswabs

•10mLgraduatedcylinder

•String&IDtags

•Arsenicteststrips

•Bagsforpositivespecimens

•HazWastecontainers

•PPE

9

Methods

Swab3spotsonspecimen.Eyes,

underlimb,body.

Swabgoesin5mLH2O

Addzinc,HClandstopperwith

Hg(II)BrtestpaperAsH3

Workinfumehood.WearPPE.Disposeof

liquidandsolidwasteasHW.

10

5


7/30/2013

ResultsandOtherStuff

Ofknowndatesof+’smany≤1900’s

Mostareunknownage

Latest+preparedin1994

Noclearpatternof+’sor–’s

Wilson’sPhalarope

got3+’s

Sensitivity

wasn’tas

+

1ppm

greatasM-N

testclaim

(0.1ppm)

+++++

++

++++10-3

+++

11

FurtherConsiderations

Decontaminatesamplesandtrays

withrubbingalcohol.Tag

Containerize+samples

Bags

VisipakorClearTec

Taxidermydisplaycases

www.birdtaxidermist.com.Buy

baseanduprightsupportsper

meterandgetglasscutlocally

Postwarnings

Warning!

TaxidermySpecimens

MayybeContaminated

withArsenic

Use4letterbirdabbreviations

http://www.birdpop.org/alphacodes.htm

•Weargloveswhenhandlingany

specimen

•Noeatingordrinking

•Washhands,utensils,andworking

surfaceafterhandlingspecimens

Migratorybirdact

12

6


7/30/2013

MoreConsiderations

Storage

Museumcases

Individualcases

Drawers

–Other

Consider:

Accessibility

Security

Training

Communication

•Labeling

13

MoreConsiderations

GoodHousekeeping

Keepstorageareasand

workareascleanandfree

fromdustanddebris

Usewetmethodsto

minimizedustgeneration

andairborneexposure

wheneverpossible

Whenvacuumingis

necessary,useaHEPA

vacuum

Note:airpurifying

respiratorrecommendedas

vacuumexhaustcan

circulatehazardous

particulates

14

7


7/30/2013

MoreConsiderations

AdditionalExposureRisks

CustodialStaff

Facilities

Faculty

Thepossibilityofarsenic-contaminateddust

beingtransferredtootherareasofthe

building,eitherbyfoottrafficorother

means,isofhighconcern

15

MoreConsiderations

PersonalProtectionEquipment

Nevertouchwithbareskin

Lessevasivetasks(e.g.,testing)

Nitrileglovesandprotectivesmockorapron

ConsiderationforairpurifyingrespiratorwithHEPAfilter

Moreevasivetasks(e.g.,deconning,remounting)

Performincontainmentorlabhood

Nitrilegloves

Tyvekandprotectivesmockorapron,dependingonlocation

•AirpurifyingrespiratorwithHEPAfilter

Monitoring

Needtodocumentemployeeexposure(i.e.,personalair

monitoring

16

8


7/30/2013

MoreConsiderations

PersonalHygiene

Arseniccontainingspecimensshouldnotused

inhand-onpresentations

Washlabcoatsandotherprotectiveclothing

frequentlyandseparatefrompersonalaffects

Ifhomeclothesmaybecontaminateddonot

bringthemhometopassalongtofamily

members.

Washhandsoften

Nosmoking,eating,applyinglipbalm,etc.

17

MoreConsiderations

PostDecontaminationSampling

–Wipesamples

•Noregulatorylimitforarsenic,mercury

•Residentialwipescreeninglevels*

–Arsenic:36ug/ft2or387ug/m2

–Mercury:15ug/ft2or157ug/m2

•Industrialwipescreeninglevels**

–Arsenic:100ug/100cm2or929ug/ft

•WorldTradeCenterIndoorAirTaskForceWorkingGroupContaminatesofPotential

ConcernCommittee.May2003.“WorldTradeCenterindoorenvironmental

assessment:Selectingcontaminatesofpotentialconcernandsettinghealthbased

benchmarks.”

**MethodologyusingSemiconductorsHandbookbyWilliamsandBaldwin

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7/30/2013

MoreConsiderations

Waste

–Specimens

–Dust/filters

–Washwaters

Options

–Presumedhazardouswaste

–Usegeneratorknowledge

–AnalyzeviaToxicLeachingCharacteristicProcedure

19

FinalConsiderations

MigratoryBirdTreatyof1918

–1,007birdslistedandgeneraldividedbetweenGameandNon-Game

–Permitsarerequiredtotake,possess,transport,sell,purchase,barter,

import,orexportallspeciesofbirdsprotectedbytheMBTA,aswellas

theirfeathers,parts,nests,oreggs.Takemeanstopursue,hunt,shoot,

wound,kill,tap,capture,orcollect,orattempttopursue,hunt,shoot,

wound,kill,trap,capture,orcollect(50CFR10.12)

–Certainpermitexceptionsapplyto...publicscientificoreducational

institutions

–FWSrecommendslettertoRegionalMigratoryBirdOfficer

EndangeredSpeciesAct

20

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7/30/2013

QUESTIONS?

ThankYou

DanaMoracco

BiologyLaboratoryCoordinator,RiponCollege

Tel:920-748-8398

E:[email protected]

JeffreySotek

RegionalManager,HRPAssociates,Inc.

Tel:855-866-3934

E:[email protected]

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