Topic 3.6 The prepositional phrase (PP). Lengua Inglesa II Tom Morton. The prepositional phrase (PP). A preposition expresses a relationship between two entities (e.g. the man with the red beard ). The structure of the Prepositional Phrase (PP).
Lengua Inglesa II
A preposition expresses a relationship
between two entities (e.g. the man
with the red beard).
A PP consists of a preposition (h) followed by a prepositional
complement (c). Prepositional complements (also called
completives) are most frequently realised by a NP, but they can
also be realised by other groups and clauses…
the policeman’s arms
right into the policeman’s arms
Complex prepositions (two-word
& three-word prepositions):
as foras well as
apart fromin spite of
because ofon top of
insead ofin charge of
according towith regard to
due toin view of
along withby way of
Prepositions are sometimes required by certain verbs,
adjectives and nouns.
I’ve applied ___ a job
he did it ___ purpose
she’s capable ____ doing it
Syntactic Function of the PP:
Circumstantial adjunct: The people were singing on the bus.
Stance adjunct: To my surprise, the doctor phoned.
Connective adjunct:On the other hand, he made no attempt to help the victim or apprehend her attacker.
Complement of a verb: We depend on you.
Complementation of an adjective: I am sorry for his parents.