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Topic 3.6 The prepositional phrase (PP). Lengua Inglesa II Tom Morton. The prepositional phrase (PP). A preposition expresses a relationship between two entities (e.g. the man with the red beard ). The structure of the Prepositional Phrase (PP).

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Topic 3.6 The prepositional phrase (PP)

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Topic 3 6 the prepositional phrase pp l.jpg

Topic 3.6The prepositional phrase (PP)

Lengua Inglesa II

Tom Morton


The prepositional phrase pp l.jpg

The prepositional phrase (PP)

A preposition expresses a relationship

between two entities (e.g. the man

with the red beard).


The structure of the prepositional phrase pp l.jpg

The structure of the Prepositional Phrase (PP)

A PP consists of a preposition (h) followed by a prepositional

complement (c). Prepositional complements (also called

completives) are most frequently realised by a NP, but they can

also be realised by other groups and clauses…


Slide5 l.jpg

  • Task: Look at the following examples and say what types

  • of groups or clauses realise the complement of the PP:

  • I waited at the bus stop

  • I was surprised by what he said

  • I was pleased about Pat getting her PhD

  • I’m leaving for good

  • She lived there until quite recently

  • You can do it anywhere you like except in here

  • Have you decided about where to have dinner?


Slide6 l.jpg

this road

concentrating hard

the policeman’s arms

here

control

that moment

along

by

into

near

out of

at

completely

only

straight

right

just

quite


Slide7 l.jpg

Prepositional Phrase

c

m

prep

right into the policeman’s arms

completelyout ofcontrol

straightalongthis road

justatthat moment

quitenear here

onlybyconcentrating hard


Forms of prepositions l.jpg

Forms of prepositions:

Complex prepositions (two-word

& three-word prepositions):

as foras well as

apart fromin spite of

because ofon top of

insead ofin charge of

according towith regard to

due toin view of

along withby way of

Simple prepositions:

about

across

after

as

at by

for

from

in

like

near

of

off


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  • Exercise 19: Fill in the gaps with a preposition. The numbers in brackets

  • indicate whether the preposition has 1, 2 or 3 words.

  • There were huge advances in aviation technology _______________ World War Two. (1)

  • b) I will get _______________ him as soon as I get home. (3)

  • c) That bottle of champagne _______________ those chocolates will make a nice present. (2)

  • d) _______________ the company as a whole, I would like to thank you for all your work (3)

  • e) The train was delayed _______________ the weather. (2)

  • f) Our house is the first _______________ the left (1)


Dependent prepositions l.jpg

Dependent prepositions:

Prepositions are sometimes required by certain verbs,

adjectives and nouns.

I’ve applied ___ a job

he did it ___ purpose

she’s capable ____ doing it


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Syntactic Function of the PP:

Circumstantial adjunct: The people were singing on the bus.

Stance adjunct: To my surprise, the doctor phoned.

Connective adjunct:On the other hand, he made no attempt to help the victim or apprehend her attacker.

Complement of a verb: We depend on you.

Complementation of an adjective: I am sorry for his parents.


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