Testing higher skills l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 18

TESTING HIGHER SKILLS PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 137 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

TESTING HIGHER SKILLS. Raja C Bandaranayake. DOMAINS OF LEARNING. Cognitive (Knowledge) Psychomotor (Motor skills) Affective (Attitudes). THE COGNITIVE DOMAIN. Recall and recognition Comprehension or Understanding Application Problem-solving analysis synthesis evaluation.

Download Presentation

TESTING HIGHER SKILLS

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Testing higher skills l.jpg

TESTING HIGHER SKILLS

Raja C Bandaranayake


Domains of learning l.jpg

DOMAINS OF LEARNING

  • Cognitive(Knowledge)

  • Psychomotor(Motor skills)

  • Affective(Attitudes)


The cognitive domain l.jpg

THE COGNITIVE DOMAIN

  • Recall and recognition

  • Comprehension or Understanding

  • Application

  • Problem-solving

    • analysis

    • synthesis

    • evaluation


Types of questions l.jpg

TYPES OF QUESTIONS

  • Multiple choice questions (MCQ)

  • Short answer questions (SAQ)

  • Modified essay questions (MEQ)

  • Long essay questions

  • OSPE / OSCE Stations

  • Clinicals (Long cases / Short cases)

  • Orals


Long essay l.jpg

LONG ESSAY

Describe the structural changes associated with the assumption of the erect posture by an infant.

List the advantages and disadvantages of each change.


Slide6 l.jpg

SAQ

Name two sites in the body where an intimate relationship between the nervous and endocrine systems is of functional significance.

Explain the functional significance of such a relationship at each site, relating function to the histological structure of the site.


Slide7 l.jpg

MEQ FLOWCHART – ACUTE APPENDICITIS

TRIGGERSSEQUENCEQUESTIONS

Male 25 yrCircum-umbilicalEmbryology

PGH Surg.Wdcolicky painHistology

Pain localised to RIFWhy changed?

Abd. PalpationTendernessParietal perit.

Pt of max tendernessrigidity, rebound tend. McBurney’s Pt

Temp PulseComplicationsPathogenesis

GeneralizedGeneralized peritonitisWhy?

Pain, phy.signs

LaparotomyAnt abd wall, Positions

Gangrene, Perforation Bacteriology, AntibioticsCulture/ABS


Slide8 l.jpg

You are a medical officer in a Surgical Ward of PGH.Mr M., a 25-year-old male patient, was admitted with pain in the right lower abdomen. Careful history revealed that the pain started 48 hours prior to admission as regular, intermittent attacks of gradually increasing severity around the navel. The pain is now felt only in the right lower abdomen, and it is continuous. A provisional diagnosis of acute appendicitis was made by you.


Slide9 l.jpg

Qn. 1AExplain how the pain was initially felt in the umbilical region in this patient?Qn. 1BDescribe the manner in which intermittent pain was produced in this patient, relating your description to the histological structure of the appendix.Qn. 1CName three structures in the abdomen, other than the intestine, in which such pain may originate.


Slide10 l.jpg

Qn. 1DState precisely the pathological changes that are responsible for (a) the subsequent location of the pain in the right lower abdomen; and (b) its change from a colic to a continuous pain.Qn. 1EList three physical signs you may elicit in this patient on abdominal palpation, which would have helped you to make a provisional diagnosis of acute appendicitis.Qn. 1FExplain how each of these signs has been brought about in this patient.


Slide11 l.jpg

SummaryAcute appendicitis in a 25-year-old male. Physical exam. revealed tenderness , guarding and rebound tenderness in the right iliac fossa. Maximum point of tenderness was McBurney’s point. Pulse was 100/min; temperature 100.2ºF.Qn. 2ADraw a diagram to illustrate McBurney’s point.Qn. 2BList three (3) complications that may occur if this patient is not properly managed.Qn. 2CDescribe briefly the pathological changes that may occur in the inflamed appendix, which result in each of the complications mentioned.


Slide12 l.jpg

MEQ GRIDQN. ANA PHY PAT MIC BIO PHA CLIN1A X1BX X1CX X1D X1E X1F X2AX2B X2C X X3AX X X3B X4AX X4BX X4CX X5A X5B X6A X6B X X


Mcq type a l.jpg

MCQ - TYPE A

The best evidence for the neuroectodermal origin of the adrenal medulla is that

  • it has a direct arterial supply from the abdominal aorta

  • its venous drainage is into a persisting part of the subcardinal vein

  • it lies near the sympathetic trunk

  • its secretory cells are innervated by preganglionic fibres

  • its cells show a well developed granular endoplasmic reticulum


Mcq type a14 l.jpg

MCQ – TYPE A

The anatomical feature which is least likely to contribute to middle ear infection is:

  • presence of lymphatic tissue in the pharyngeal end of the auditory tube

  • presence of mastoid air cells

  • a horizontally directed auditory tube in children

  • a longer cartilaginous part of the auditory tube in relation to the bony part

  • presence of the pars flaccida in the tympanic membrane


Mcq type e l.jpg

MCQ – TYPE E

The ductus arteriosus closes at birth by muscular contraction

because

Oxygen tension in the blood perfusing the ductus arteriosus rises when the pulmonary circulation opens up


Mcq type r l.jpg

MCQ – TYPE R

Theme:Cardiovascular drugs

Options:A. Alpha agonists

B. Alpha blockers

C. ACE inhibitors

D. Beta agonists…….

K. Vasoconstrictors

Lead-in:For each patient, select the most appropriate drug class

Item stems:

1. A 40-year-old man with sudden onset of severe headache, dizziness and vomiting, BP 260/130 mmHg; encephalopathy and grade IV retinopathy

2. A 55-year-old man with mild, chronic hypertension, tachycardia and other symptoms of mild congestive cardiac failure. Previous history of asthma and gout.

3. ………


Integrated ospe osce based on a pathological specimen l.jpg

INTEGRATED OSPE / OSCEBased on a pathological specimen

Examine the macroscopic specimen provided.

  • Pick up the ‘phone. At the other end of the line is a senior colleague more experienced in Pathology than you. Give him a macroscopic description of the specimen, pointing out particularly its abnormal features.

  • Give him your diagnostic conclusion from the specimen.

  • Tell him the findings on which you base your diagnosis.

  • Write the main clinical symptoms and signs you would expect this patient to have shown before his death.

    Examine the histo-pathological slide provided.

    5. Write the histological features seen which either support or do not support your diagnosis.


Skin themes for integrated questions l.jpg

SKIN: THEMES FOR INTEGRATED QUESTIONS

THEMEANATPHYSMICROPHARM MEDDERM

Protective function

Sensory function

Structural damage

Immune mechanisms

Infection


  • Login