The Meanings and Uses of Spirituality: From secular therapy to spiritual therapy?. Professor Gordon Lynch Department of Religious Studies University of Kent. ‘This is me…’. (ed.) Clinical Counselling in Pastoral Settings, Routledge, 1999. Pastoral Care and Counselling, Sage, 2002.
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The Meanings and Uses of Spirituality:From secular therapy to spiritual therapy?
Professor Gordon Lynch
Department of Religious Studies
University of Kent
(ed.) Clinical Counselling in Pastoral Settings,
Pastoral Care and Counselling, Sage, 2002.
Understanding Theology and
Popular Culture, Blackwell, 2005.
The Sacred in the Modern World,
Oxford University Press, 2012.
Increasing attention to issues of religion and spirituality within the mainstream of counselling and psychotherapy
the rise of more explicitly religious/spiritual therapeutic models and organizations
the emergence of more explicit religious and spiritual critiques of secular therapeutic models
The rise of the holistic milieu/alternative spiritualities, the incorporation of counselling and psychotherapy into pastoral care, and the backlash of conservative religious sub-cultures
‘Usually few of those undergoing [theological] training have sufficient knowledge of psychology, especially in its application to themselves, and fewer still can grasp that acceptance of the knowledge of man [sic] that has come through psychology makes inevitable an alteration in emphasis in religious teaching and in some aspects the modification or jettisoning of some commonly taught theological doctrines or religious attitudes.’
R.S. Lee, Principles of Pastoral Counselling, p.5.
‘An accredited hierarchical pastoral movement will be professional, problem solving or problem preventing, standardized and defined. What is required is pastoral care which is lay, corporate, adventurous, variegated and diffuse… [T]he pastoral counselling movement… must be seen as part of a too general assumption by society… that we come to the good life by delineating problems and then either avoiding them or solving them.’
Bob Lambourne, 1971,
‘Objections to a National Pastoral Organization’
Healing practices are always linked to knowledge claims which legitimate those practices. In a more open market-place of care, knowledge claims (including religious and secular knowledge claims) are more fiercely contested.