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Indian Law Research. Guide: Indian Law Research. Definitions . Indian Indian Tribe Federally Recognized Tribe Indian Country Reservations Allotted land Dependent Indian communities. Washington Reservations. Washington Reservations – and the Lands the Indians Ceded.

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Indian law research l.jpg

Indian Law Research

Guide: Indian Law Research

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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Definitions

  • Indian

  • Indian Tribe

  • Federally Recognized Tribe

  • Indian Country

    • Reservations

    • Allotted land

    • Dependent Indian communities

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


Washington reservations l.jpg
Washington Reservations

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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Washington Reservations – and the Lands the Indians Ceded

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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Muckleshoot Reservation

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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U.S. Reservations

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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Sovereignty

  • Indian tribes are sovereign:

    • Inherent rights to self-determination

  • But federal government can limit sovereignty

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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Treaties

  • Pre-1871

  • See links from guide

  • Problem: find provisions in treaties with Northwest tribes about fishing rights. Compare provisions for Duwamish, Makah, Yakama

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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Tribal Codes

  • See links from guide

  • Problem: Your client lives in Sequim. She is afraid of her ex-boyfriend who lives on the Makah reservation. Can she petition for an order of protection?

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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Federal Trust Responsibility

“[The government’s] conduct, as disclosed in the acts of those who represent it in dealings with the Indians, should . . . be judged by the most exacting fiduciary standards.”

Seminole Nation v. U.S. (1942)

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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Jurisdiction

  • Civil / Criminal

    • PL 280 (1953)

  • Tribe

  • State

  • Federal

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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Major Federal Statutes

  • Indian Civil Rights Act (1968)

  • Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (1975)

  • Indian Child Welfare Act (1978)

  • American Indian Religious Freedom Act (1978)

  • Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (1990)

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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Hypo 1

  • Ingrid Hansen has been taking care of her sister’s two children while her sister was deployed in Iraq. She has learned that her sister was killed, and she would like to make the custody permanent.

  • Questions?

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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Hypo 2 children?)

  • The Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees union has been approached by staff at the Tulalip Casino. Can the employees there unionize? Will the NLRB have jurisdiction?

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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Indian Claims Commission children?)

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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BIA children?)

  • Cobell litigation

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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Taxes children?)

  • Nat’l Council State Legislatures, Piecing Together the State-Tribal Tax Puzzle

  • Wash. Dep’t of Revenue:

    • Indian Country

    • Indian Guide to Washington State Excise Taxes (2004)

Gallagher Law Library, Oct. 2007 http://lib.law.washington.edu


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