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Do Now. Please get out your Revolution Comparison Chart and something to write with. The French Revolution (1789). What was the government before the revolution? The government in France had long been an absolute monarchy. King Louis XVI ruled France with his young queen, Marie Antoinette.

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Do now
Do Now

  • Please get out your Revolution Comparison Chart and something to write with.


The french revolution 1789
The French Revolution (1789)

What was the government before the

revolution?

  • The government in France had long been an absolute monarchy.

  • King Louis XVI ruled France with his young queen, Marie Antoinette.


French revolution
French Revolution

What was the problem?

  • King Louis XVI ruled with divine right and absolute power

  • Enlightenment ideas were spreading and the people wanted change!

    3. Unequal taxation of three estates (1st and 2nd paid NO taxes, 3rd estate paid ALL taxes)

    4. France was DEEP in debt:

    • The cost of wars (Seven Years War, American Rev.) was expensive

    • King Louis XVI and his court lived in luxury and spent LOTS of money! (Just like his grandpa King Louis XIV)

      5. French people were starving because of bad harvests throughout the country


The t hree estates
The Three Estates

1st ESTATE

______________________

2nd ESTATE

_______________________________

3rd ESTATE

1 – Bourgeoisie: wealthy merchants and skilled

workers (4%)

2 –Workers: poorly-paid servants, cooks

and personal attendants (8%)

3 – Peasants (85%)

Roman Catholic clergy. 1% of the population. Paid no taxes.

Nobility. 2% of the population. Paid no taxes

EVERYONE ELSE! 97% of the population. Paid all the taxes.


French revolution1
French Revolution

So what happened?

  • To solve the debt problem, King Louis XVI wanted to tax the previously untaxed 2nd Estate.

  • The struggle to pass taxes was unsuccessful. So King Louis decided to call a meeting of the Estates-General in May 1789 to resolve the issue. (It was the first meeting of the Estates General in 175 years!)


French revolution2
French Revolution

Other dramatic events?

  • Tennis Court Oath

  • Storming of the Bastille

  • Women’s march on Versailles

  • Reign of Terror


French revolution3
French Revolution

What new governments were formed?

  • constitutional monarchy created by National Assembly (FAILED)

  • (radical) republic created by Robespierre (FAILED)

  • Directory created by moderates (overthrown by Napoleon)

  • Napoleon created the Consulate

  • After Napoleon’s fall the constitutional monarchy was restored under King Louis XVIII


French revolution4
French Revolution

Documents created?

  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

  • Constitution of 1791 (by National Assembly), Constitution 1795 (by Directory)


French revolution5
French Revolution

Influence on individual liberty and self

government?

  • Men are equal before the law.

  • All men born free have equal rights.

  • Protection of liberty, property and security.

  • Government exists to protect rights.

  • Equal rights to holders of public office


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