Status of p rojectile s pectator d etector a kurepin institute for nuclear research moscow
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I. Introduction to PSD. II. Conception and design. III. Development and production of PSD prototype. IV. Future plans. Status of P rojectile S pectator D etector A.Kurepin (Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow). PSD. PSD in CBM setup.

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Status of p rojectile s pectator d etector a kurepin institute for nuclear research moscow

I.Introduction to PSD.

II. Conception and design.

III. Development and production of

PSD prototype.

IV. Future plans.

Status of Projectile Spectator DetectorA.Kurepin(Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow)


Psd in cbm setup

PSD

PSD in CBM setup.

Very Forward Hadron Calorimeter for detection of projectile spectators

  • Measurement of:

  • Centrality: b~ A - Nspect (selection at trigger level);

  • Event-by-event fluctuations (to exclude the participants);

  • 3. Reaction plane;

  • 4. Beam intensity (by detecting the EMD neutrons ) .


spectator spots at Z=15m Eau=15 AGeV

Optional

Beam hole

Full beam intensity.Minimum 107 modules.

X

Z

Schematic view of PSD configuration.

Low beam intensity. Detection of fragments. (25 modules)


Conception of psd
Conception of PSD:

  • Compensation:

  • εe/ εh = 1-- compensated calorimeter.

  • σ(E)/E = a/√E + b ∙ │1- εe/ εh│--constant term equals to zero.

  • II. Lead/Scintillator sandwich:Compensation at Pb:Scint=4:1.

  • For thickness δPb=16 mm and δScint=4 mm σE/E ~ 50%/√E .

  • III. Light readout– WLS-fibers to avoid the Cherenkov radiation.

  • IV. Signal readout – Micropixel APD (MAPD) to avoid nuclear counter effect, detection of a few photons signal, compactness, low cost, new technology.

  • V. Longitudinal segmentation – for permanent calibration of scintillators in radiation hard conditions, uniformity of light collection from WLS-fibers.

  • VI. Modular design – transverse uniformity of resolution, flexible geometry, simplicity.


Light readout from scintillators
Light readout from scintillators.

6 fiber/MAPD 10 MAPDs/module

60 lead/scintillator sandwiches.

groove with WLS-fiber


Properties of selected MAPDs.

Type: MW-3d.

Size: 3x3 mm2.

Number of pixels: 104/mm2.

Photon detection efficiency:~20%.

Gain: 5-6 x104.

Working voltage: 130-140V.

Production: Dubna-Mikron.

(Z.Sadygov).


Results of beam test of first psd module prototype
Results of beam test of first PSD module prototype.

Geant-MC

-- 50 GeV,

-- 80 GeV,

-- 150 GeV

To check the PSD conception first module prototype was developed and tested in 2006. The results are described in internal CBM report.

Summary energy deposition in PSD module for different hadron energies.

To measure the realistic energy resolution the calorimeter prototype of 9 modules was produced this year. It is ready for beam test.


Some components of psd module
Some components of PSD module.

Scintillator tile with groove

MAPDs

Electronic board with amp’s and HV divider





Future plans
Future plans. of beam on Sept., 27.

  • Beam test of 3x3 array of PSD modules.

    Calibration with muons.

    Measurement of energy resolution at hadron energy 20-150 GeV .

    Study of the LED monitoring system performance.

    Analysis of the data.

  • Preparation of the paper on PSD performance.

  • Study of long-term stability of readout.

  • Study of new MAPD samples.

  • Construction of larger-scale calorimeter for the measurement of transverse non-uniformity of energy resolution.

  • Final decision on PSD design.


Thank you

Thank you! of beam on Sept., 27.


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