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Management Natura 2000 in EU27. Lessons learned. Rink W. KRUK (INBO) Geert DE BLUST (INBO) Rob van APELDOORN (Alterra) Andrew SIERS (CEH). 3 reports. EU27 Research Project: Natura 2000. EU funded project, for EU27 Designation of Natura 2000 sites Management of Natura 2000 sites

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Management natura 2000 in eu27

Management Natura 2000 in EU27

Lessons learned



Rob van APELDOORN (Alterra)

Andrew SIERS (CEH)

3 reports

EU27 Research Project: Natura 2000

EU funded project, for EU27

  • Designation of Natura 2000 sites

  • Management of Natura 2000 sites

  • Examples of truly integrated management

  • Website, for sharing knowledge on Natura 2000 management

  • Award ’Natura 2000 Partner of the Year’ (EC)


  • Progress of Natura 2000

  • Management of Natura 2000 sites

    - Challenges and Solutions

  • Example of integrated management

  • Conclusions

Where are we now?

Earliest designation deadlines 2007, 2009, 2010.

Most 2011-2014

 Management still in its infancy

Progress SCIs designation (Natura 2000 database June 2008; ETC/BD)

Management: General

Two types of managing:

  • Incorporation into sectoral laws

  • Management plan per site(s)

Different points of departure for countries

(tradition, already existing structures, (de-)population)

Management Instruments

Contracts, Letters of intent, compensation, buying, etc.

Voluntary  Obligatory

  • Management Plans (often guiding)

  • Execution

Management: Developing

Two types of realizing management plans

  • Top-down (e.g. Denmark, Finland)

  • By stakeholders (e.g. France/UK)

Responsibility Execution of Management

  • National Park administration and alike

  • Special management authorities

  • Municipalities

  • Other (NGOs, National agencies, …)


Necessary for defining requirements, structuring management

Guidelines for

  • Management plans (content, writing, execution)

  • All Natura 2000 sites

  • groups of similar sites

    - ecological/geographical region

    - species or habitat-type

    - type or degree of cooperation (traditional users, professionals)

    Danger: Can be valid for so many things that it becomes too vague


Challenges and Solutions - 1


  • Resentment towards Natura 2000, due to little communication during designation process

  • Stakeholders often no idea of social-economic aspects of Natura 2000


  • Communication very important in all stages

  • Give stakeholders sense of ownership of nature protection

Challenges and Solutions - 2

Conservation Objectives

- Often too little data to formulate sound Conservation Objectives

- Too vaguely described in management plans


  • Adapt existing monitoring programmes

  • Assistance of NGOs, universities, etc. (guide)

  • New monitoring programmes

  • Enforce clear conservation objectives in management plans

Challenges and Solutions - 3

Staff (capacity)

Leading to

  • Disorientation of all stakeholder groups

  • Delay


- Essential to invest in staff

  • Involve NGOs

  • Involve stakeholders

  • Outsource to National Parks

    NB Keep good supervision, guide (strategy)

Challenges and Solutions - 4

Funding (capacity)

  • Plan written, no funding structure ready

    - Municipalities (big responsibility, little priority)


  • Combine with socio-economic development

  • European Funds (projects as guidance)

  • Realize sufficient funds and funding: clear, structure

  • Realistic definition of responsibilities

    NB Countries very creative. Some countries rely primarily on EU Funds, but how long will that still last?

Challenges and Solutions - 5


In management and control


Many short-term projects leading to

  • Distrust of stakeholders

  • Loss of knowledge, skills and experience


  • Dedicate an amount for continuity of management and its control

  • Set-up Management Authority

Challenges and Solutions - 6

Strategy, Guidelines

None or vague?

- Distrust, confusion of stakeholders

  • Little happens

  • Very varying quality of conservation


  • Specify precisely who is responsible for what

  • Twinning projects and alike

  • Guidelines for management plans (important requirements), structure the processes


Integrated management

Parc de Massif de Bauges – Prairies Fleuries

Now: 65 farmers, 875ha

To be: 220 farmers, 4000ha

Cooperation between farmers, bee-keepers, authorities, research inst.

- Management by objective, not by prohibition

- Compensation paid (PHARE2), voluntary

- Simple self monitoring system

- Higher quality fodder for cattle and cheese

- Special nature branding for honey and cheese

- Award for agro-ecological excellence


- NGOs play major role in developing and execution Management

  • Stakeholders must be informed about socio-economic aspects

  • Clear strategy, clear objectives (guidelines)

  • Communication with stakeholders at all stages

  • Give stakeholders an idea of ownership on nature protection

  • Guarantee sufficient leading of management and control (cont.)

  • Synergy of multiple activities in one area and nature protection