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Management Natura 2000 in EU27. Lessons learned. Rink W. KRUK (INBO) Geert DE BLUST (INBO) Rob van APELDOORN (Alterra) Andrew SIERS (CEH). 3 reports. EU27 Research Project: Natura 2000. EU funded project, for EU27 Designation of Natura 2000 sites Management of Natura 2000 sites

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management natura 2000 in eu27

Management Natura 2000 in EU27

Lessons learned

Rink W. KRUK (INBO)

Geert DE BLUST (INBO)

Rob van APELDOORN (Alterra)

Andrew SIERS (CEH)

slide2

3 reports

EU27 Research Project: Natura 2000

EU funded project, for EU27

  • Designation of Natura 2000 sites
  • Management of Natura 2000 sites
  • Examples of truly integrated management
  • Website, for sharing knowledge on Natura 2000 management
  • Award ’Natura 2000 Partner of the Year’ (EC)
slide3

Content

  • Progress of Natura 2000
  • Management of Natura 2000 sites

- Challenges and Solutions

  • Example of integrated management
  • Conclusions
slide4

Where are we now?

Earliest designation deadlines 2007, 2009, 2010.

Most 2011-2014

 Management still in its infancy

Progress SCIs designation (Natura 2000 database June 2008; ETC/BD)

slide5

Management: General

Two types of managing:

  • Incorporation into sectoral laws
  • Management plan per site(s)

Different points of departure for countries

(tradition, already existing structures, (de-)population)

Management Instruments

Contracts, Letters of intent, compensation, buying, etc.

Voluntary  Obligatory

  • Management Plans (often guiding)
  • Execution
slide6

Management: Developing

Two types of realizing management plans

  • Top-down (e.g. Denmark, Finland)
  • By stakeholders (e.g. France/UK)

Responsibility Execution of Management

  • National Park administration and alike
  • Special management authorities
  • Municipalities
  • Other (NGOs, National agencies, …)
slide7

Guidelines

Necessary for defining requirements, structuring management

Guidelines for

  • Management plans (content, writing, execution)
  • All Natura 2000 sites
  • groups of similar sites

- ecological/geographical region

- species or habitat-type

- type or degree of cooperation (traditional users, professionals)

Danger: Can be valid for so many things that it becomes too vague

x

slide8

Challenges and Solutions - 1

Communication

  • Resentment towards Natura 2000, due to little communication during designation process
  • Stakeholders often no idea of social-economic aspects of Natura 2000

Solutions:

  • Communication very important in all stages
  • Give stakeholders sense of ownership of nature protection
slide9

Challenges and Solutions - 2

Conservation Objectives

- Often too little data to formulate sound Conservation Objectives

- Too vaguely described in management plans

Solutions:

  • Adapt existing monitoring programmes
  • Assistance of NGOs, universities, etc. (guide)
  • New monitoring programmes
  • Enforce clear conservation objectives in management plans
slide10

Challenges and Solutions - 3

Staff (capacity)

Leading to

  • Disorientation of all stakeholder groups
  • Delay

Solutions

- Essential to invest in staff

  • Involve NGOs
  • Involve stakeholders
  • Outsource to National Parks

NB Keep good supervision, guide (strategy)

slide11

Challenges and Solutions - 4

Funding (capacity)

  • Plan written, no funding structure ready

- Municipalities (big responsibility, little priority)

Solutions

  • Combine with socio-economic development
  • European Funds (projects as guidance)
  • Realize sufficient funds and funding: clear, structure
  • Realistic definition of responsibilities

NB Countries very creative. Some countries rely primarily on EU Funds, but how long will that still last?

slide12

Challenges and Solutions - 5

Continuity

In management and control

Now:

Many short-term projects leading to

  • Distrust of stakeholders
  • Loss of knowledge, skills and experience

Solutions:

  • Dedicate an amount for continuity of management and its control
  • Set-up Management Authority
slide13

Challenges and Solutions - 6

Strategy, Guidelines

None or vague?

- Distrust, confusion of stakeholders

  • Little happens
  • Very varying quality of conservation

Solutions:

  • Specify precisely who is responsible for what
  • Twinning projects and alike
  • Guidelines for management plans (important requirements), structure the processes

x

slide14

Integrated management

Parc de Massif de Bauges – Prairies Fleuries

Now: 65 farmers, 875ha

To be: 220 farmers, 4000ha

Cooperation between farmers, bee-keepers, authorities, research inst.

- Management by objective, not by prohibition

- Compensation paid (PHARE2), voluntary

- Simple self monitoring system

- Higher quality fodder for cattle and cheese

- Special nature branding for honey and cheese

- Award for agro-ecological excellence

slide15

Conclusions

- NGOs play major role in developing and execution Management

  • Stakeholders must be informed about socio-economic aspects
  • Clear strategy, clear objectives (guidelines)
  • Communication with stakeholders at all stages
  • Give stakeholders an idea of ownership on nature protection
  • Guarantee sufficient leading of management and control (cont.)
  • Synergy of multiple activities in one area and nature protection
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