Management natura 2000 in eu27
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Management Natura 2000 in EU27. Lessons learned. Rink W. KRUK (INBO) Geert DE BLUST (INBO) Rob van APELDOORN (Alterra) Andrew SIERS (CEH). 3 reports. EU27 Research Project: Natura 2000. EU funded project, for EU27 Designation of Natura 2000 sites Management of Natura 2000 sites

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Management Natura 2000 in EU27

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Management natura 2000 in eu27

Management Natura 2000 in EU27

Lessons learned

Rink W. KRUK (INBO)

Geert DE BLUST (INBO)

Rob van APELDOORN (Alterra)

Andrew SIERS (CEH)


Management natura 2000 in eu27

3 reports

EU27 Research Project: Natura 2000

EU funded project, for EU27

  • Designation of Natura 2000 sites

  • Management of Natura 2000 sites

  • Examples of truly integrated management

  • Website, for sharing knowledge on Natura 2000 management

  • Award ’Natura 2000 Partner of the Year’ (EC)


Management natura 2000 in eu27

Content

  • Progress of Natura 2000

  • Management of Natura 2000 sites

    - Challenges and Solutions

  • Example of integrated management

  • Conclusions


Management natura 2000 in eu27

Where are we now?

Earliest designation deadlines 2007, 2009, 2010.

Most 2011-2014

 Management still in its infancy

Progress SCIs designation (Natura 2000 database June 2008; ETC/BD)


Management natura 2000 in eu27

Management: General

Two types of managing:

  • Incorporation into sectoral laws

  • Management plan per site(s)

Different points of departure for countries

(tradition, already existing structures, (de-)population)

Management Instruments

Contracts, Letters of intent, compensation, buying, etc.

Voluntary  Obligatory

  • Management Plans (often guiding)

  • Execution


Management natura 2000 in eu27

Management: Developing

Two types of realizing management plans

  • Top-down (e.g. Denmark, Finland)

  • By stakeholders (e.g. France/UK)

Responsibility Execution of Management

  • National Park administration and alike

  • Special management authorities

  • Municipalities

  • Other (NGOs, National agencies, …)


Management natura 2000 in eu27

Guidelines

Necessary for defining requirements, structuring management

Guidelines for

  • Management plans (content, writing, execution)

  • All Natura 2000 sites

  • groups of similar sites

    - ecological/geographical region

    - species or habitat-type

    - type or degree of cooperation (traditional users, professionals)

    Danger: Can be valid for so many things that it becomes too vague

x


Management natura 2000 in eu27

Challenges and Solutions - 1

Communication

  • Resentment towards Natura 2000, due to little communication during designation process

  • Stakeholders often no idea of social-economic aspects of Natura 2000

Solutions:

  • Communication very important in all stages

  • Give stakeholders sense of ownership of nature protection


Management natura 2000 in eu27

Challenges and Solutions - 2

Conservation Objectives

- Often too little data to formulate sound Conservation Objectives

- Too vaguely described in management plans

Solutions:

  • Adapt existing monitoring programmes

  • Assistance of NGOs, universities, etc. (guide)

  • New monitoring programmes

  • Enforce clear conservation objectives in management plans


Management natura 2000 in eu27

Challenges and Solutions - 3

Staff (capacity)

Leading to

  • Disorientation of all stakeholder groups

  • Delay

Solutions

- Essential to invest in staff

  • Involve NGOs

  • Involve stakeholders

  • Outsource to National Parks

    NB Keep good supervision, guide (strategy)


Management natura 2000 in eu27

Challenges and Solutions - 4

Funding (capacity)

  • Plan written, no funding structure ready

    - Municipalities (big responsibility, little priority)

Solutions

  • Combine with socio-economic development

  • European Funds (projects as guidance)

  • Realize sufficient funds and funding: clear, structure

  • Realistic definition of responsibilities

    NB Countries very creative. Some countries rely primarily on EU Funds, but how long will that still last?


Management natura 2000 in eu27

Challenges and Solutions - 5

Continuity

In management and control

Now:

Many short-term projects leading to

  • Distrust of stakeholders

  • Loss of knowledge, skills and experience

Solutions:

  • Dedicate an amount for continuity of management and its control

  • Set-up Management Authority


Management natura 2000 in eu27

Challenges and Solutions - 6

Strategy, Guidelines

None or vague?

- Distrust, confusion of stakeholders

  • Little happens

  • Very varying quality of conservation

Solutions:

  • Specify precisely who is responsible for what

  • Twinning projects and alike

  • Guidelines for management plans (important requirements), structure the processes

x


Management natura 2000 in eu27

Integrated management

Parc de Massif de Bauges – Prairies Fleuries

Now: 65 farmers, 875ha

To be: 220 farmers, 4000ha

Cooperation between farmers, bee-keepers, authorities, research inst.

- Management by objective, not by prohibition

- Compensation paid (PHARE2), voluntary

- Simple self monitoring system

- Higher quality fodder for cattle and cheese

- Special nature branding for honey and cheese

- Award for agro-ecological excellence


Management natura 2000 in eu27

Conclusions

- NGOs play major role in developing and execution Management

  • Stakeholders must be informed about socio-economic aspects

  • Clear strategy, clear objectives (guidelines)

  • Communication with stakeholders at all stages

  • Give stakeholders an idea of ownership on nature protection

  • Guarantee sufficient leading of management and control (cont.)

  • Synergy of multiple activities in one area and nature protection


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