Civil Engineering Dept. Master Program. Infrastructure planning and management. Lecture(9). 2013-2014. Environmental impact assessment. Definition.
Civil Engineering Dept.
Infrastructure planning and management
Environmental impact assessment
AnEnvironmental Impact Assessment(EIA) is an assessment of the possible impact—positive or negative—that a proposed project may have on the environment, together consisting of the natural, social and economic aspects.
Purpose of EIA
The purpose of the assessment is to ensure that decision makers consider the ensuing environmental impacts to decide whether to proceed with the project. The International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA) defines an environmental impact assessment as "the process of identifying, predicting, evaluating and mitigating the biophysical, social, and other relevant effects of development proposals prior to major decisions being taken and commitments made.
Social Impact assessment (SIA)
Social impact assessment includes the processes of analyzing, monitoring and managing the intended and unintended social consequences, both positive and negative, of planned interventions (policies, programs, plans, projects) and any social change processes invoked by those interventions.
Its primary purpose is to bring about a more sustainable and equitable biophysical and human environment.
Action have a significant Effect on the Environment
Nature of an environment
Factor for determining whether an impact is significant
Stakeholders in the ESIA
Specialist Related to Environmental Assessment
Environmental categories for Bureau Projects
Relationship between land and water quality
Comparison of project alternatives involving environmental and social impact
Environmental criteria relevant to irrigation projects
Factors in selection of method for comparing Environmental Impacts of alternatives