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Chapter Four: Outlook on the judicial system

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Chapter Four: Outlook on the judicial system. Introduction Plaintiffs and defendants Probable cause (4th Amendment) Burden of proof ( onus probandi ) Trial by jury (5th Amendment) Examination and cross-examination No self-incrimination (5th Amendment) No double jeopardy (5th Amendment).

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Introduction
    • Plaintiffs and defendants
    • Probable cause (4th Amendment)
    • Burden of proof (onus probandi)
    • Trial by jury (5th Amendment)
    • Examination and cross-examination
    • No self-incrimination (5th Amendment)
    • No double jeopardy (5th Amendment)
1 state courts
1-state courts
  • Petty trial courts, small claims courts, conciliation courts, people’s courts (different names in most US states)
    • Hear civil cases between litigants of a same state, no lawyer or attorney required
    • Headed by a Justice of the Peace (often elected), Connecticutt JPs
    • Limited to $7.500 claims
    • On television (arbitration): (The People’s Court)
slide5
Trial courts (different names)
    • Civil courts, criminal courts
    • General (any type of action) or limited jurisdiction (ex: juvenile court, family court)
    • One judge (or more, often a jury)
slide6
Courts of Appeals (several names)
    • Review decisions
    • Litigants allowed 1 appeal
    • A few states with no appellate courts
slide7
State Supreme Courts (other names)
    • State Constitutions
    • Competence
    • Judges
      • Elected or chosen by governors
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