1. CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF THE MEXICAN WAR 1846-1848
2. CAUSES OF THE MEXICAN WAR a major cause was “Manifest Destiny” (the belief that the U.S. had a God-given right to expand the country’s borders from the Atlantic to Pacific)
3. Causes of the Mexican War Another reason of the war was the Annexation of Texas as 28th state
Boundary dispute: US
supported Texas claim that the Rio Grande River while Mexico claimed the boundary at the
President Polk ordered
General Taylor to the Rio
4. Causes of the Mexican War U.S. President James Polk also demanded that Mexico pay for damages to property in Texas.
U.S. President Polk sent John Slidell to Mexico to negotiate, but Mexico refused to talk
5. EVENTS OF MEXICAN WAR Gen. Taylor refused to move troops east of Nueces River.
On April 25, 1846, Mexican troops attack.
May 13, 1846: outbreak of Mexican War.
6. U.S. VICTORY General Taylor led an offensive into northern Mexico and captured victories at Monterrey and Buena Vista.
General Winfield Scott captured Mexico City in September 1847.
7. MEXICAN WAR 1846-1848 After only a few months of fighting, the U.S. had gained control of much of the territory north of Mexico City.
8. TEXANS IN THE WAR 6000 Texans volunteered to fight including Governor James Pinckney Henderson and Mirabeau B. Lamar
Texans welcomed another chance to fight Santa Anna
9. TEXANS IN THE WAR Texas Rangers- many served as scouts;
John Coffee Hays
John “Rip” Ford
10. EFFECTS OF THE WAR Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: U.S. acquired half of northern Mexico which became the states of California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah
Mexico recognized the annexation of Texas and the Rio Grande as the border.
Mexico received $18.25 million for
Land known as the Mexican Cession.
11. EFFECTS OF THE MEXICAN WAR Santa Anna lost power in Mexico after the war.
Gen. Taylor used his fame to win the Presidency of 1848.
Relations between Mexico and U.S. remained tense.
The war served as a training ground for men that would lead the armies of the Union and Confederacy during the American Civil War.
12. UNITED STATES IN 1853