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Success story. Unit 4. Do the instructions above!. Grammar Focus. Read again the conversation on page 18. Analyze how Joe expresses his idea to open his own restaurant. Analyze how Kelly responses to Joe’s idea.

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Success story . . .

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Success story . . .

Unit 4

Do the instructions above!

Grammar Focus . . .

  • Read again the conversation on page 18.

  • Analyze how Joe expresses his idea to open his own restaurant.

  • Analyze how Kelly responses to Joe’s idea.

  • Make sure you know the pattern of making statements by using “Infinitive Clauses” and “Phrases of Purpose.”

  • Do the exercises on page 19 – 21.

The infinitive of purpose

  • To + infinitive can be used to express purpose.

  • I have come here to help you.

  • I went to the market to buy some fruit.

  • I went to the market for some fruit.

  • In ordercan be used in front of to:

  • I have come here in order to help you. I got up early in order to havetime to pack.

  • He stopped for a minute in order to rest.

  • I went to the market in order for some fruit

FUNCTION The most common uses of the infinitive are:

  • To indicate the purpose or intention of an action (where the 'to' has the same meaning as 'in order to' or 'so as to'):

  • She's gone to collect her pay cheque.

  • The three bears went into the forest to find firewood.

  • As the subject of the sentence:

  • To be or not to be, that is the question.

  • To know her is to love her.

With nouns or pronouns, to indicate what something can be used for, or what is to be done with it:

  • Would you like something to drink?

  • I haven't anything to wear.

  • The children need a garden to play in.

  • After adjectives in these patterns:

    It is + adjective +to-infinitive

  • It is good to talk

    It is + adjective + infinitive + for someone + to infinitive.It is hard for elephants to see mice

  • This is the right thing to do.

With too and enough in these patterns:

  • too much/many (+ noun) + to-infinitive

  • There's too much sugar to put in this bowl.

  • I had too many books to carry.

  • too + adjective + to-infinitive

  • This soup is too hot to eat.

  • She was too tired to work.

  • enough (+ noun) + to-infinitive

  • I have enough food to eat.

  • adjective + enough + to-infinitive

  • She's old enough to make up her own mind.

Purpose – in order / so that

Infinitive clause- in order - to

Infinitives exercise:Join each pair of sentences by using infinitives.

He leaves the class early, because he must go home

He leaves the class early to go home

  • Every cricket team has a captain. He leads other players.

  • He did not have even a penny with him. He could not buy a loaf of bread.

  • He went to England. He wanted to learn English.

  • I speak the truth. I am not afraid of it.

  • He collects old stamps. It is his hobby.

  • He has five children. He must provide for them.

  • He wants to be a millionaire. He works hard for that reason.

  • You must part with your belongings. Only on this condition you can save your life.

  • The robber took out a knife. He wanted to frighten the traveler.

  • That young man waste away all his wealth. He must have been foolish.

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