History 311
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History 311. Religion and Politics Part One. Papacy Challenged. Avignon Papacy, 1305-1378 Gregory XI Returns to Rome, 1377 Urban VI (1378-1389) Clement VII Elected by French Cardinals The Great Schism Begins, 1378. Papal Palace at Avignon. The Great Schism. Papacy Challenged.

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History 311

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History 311

Religion and Politics

Part One


Papacy Challenged

  • Avignon Papacy, 1305-1378

  • Gregory XI Returns to Rome, 1377

  • Urban VI (1378-1389)

  • Clement VII Elected by French Cardinals

  • The Great Schism Begins, 1378

Papal Palace at Avignon


The Great Schism


Papacy Challenged

  • Conciliar Movement

    • Marsiglio of Padua, Defender of the Peace

    • Council of Pisa, 1409

      • Deposes both Popes

      • Elects John XXIII

    • Council of Constance, 1414-1418

      • Deposes all three Popes

      • Elects Martin V, 1417-1431


RENAISSANCE

  • Rebirth

  • Urban Society

  • Secular Spirit

  • Individualism

  • Humanism

    • Ideal of Complete Personality

    • Revival of Antiquity


Italy in 1454


The Venetian Empire


Niccolo Machiavelli

1469-1527

The Prince

1513


Statue of David

By

Michelangelo

1475-1654


Filippo Brunelleschi

1377-1446


Leonardo da Vinci

1452-1519


Julius II

1503-1513

Alexander VI

1492-1503

Leo X

1513-1521

Clement VII

1523-34


Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon

Catherine

Joanna


Philip and Joanna

Maximilian I of Habsburg and Mary of Burgundy with Family

Charles V

Habsburg and Burgundy Connection


Habsburg vs Valois

Francis I, 1494-47

King of France, 1515-47

Charles V, 1500-58

Holy Roman Emperor, 1519-56


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