Does study abroad work
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Does study abroad work?. Do people’s FL skills improve when they go abroad? Read this and you tell me: Why do only 65% of study abroad students improve?. Why not????. Culture, i.e. lack of cultural sensitivity M artinsen , Van deBerg et. al., Wilkinson

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Does study abroad work?

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Does study abroad work

Does study abroad work?

  • Do people’s FL skills improve when they go abroad?

  • Read this and you tell me:

  • Why do only 65% of study abroad students improve?


Why not

Why not????

  • Culture, i.e. lack of cultural sensitivityMartinsen, Van deBerg et. al., Wilkinson

  • Time on task, class in TL, Host family, Van deBerg et. al., Wilkinson

  • Self identity, threatened or strengthenedPelegrinoand Aveni

  • Classroom interaction patternsWilkinson

  • Social NetworksIsabelli

Martinsen, WilkinsonPelegrino and AveniIsabelli


Does study abroad work

  • Van deBerg et al. say….

  • Time on task, i.e. longer programs better, time with host family, classes in TL

  • Culture knowledge pre program

  • Gender, Girls do a bit better


Martinsen methodology design

Martinsen - Methodology/Design

  • Quantitative – Measuring Gains

  • Non-experimental

  • Gains, Relationships, Prediction

Back


Methodology participants

Methodology/Participants

  • 45 university students

  • Spent six weeks in Argentina

  • Stayed with Argentine host families

  • Took approximately 6 credits


Methodology instruments

Methodology/Instruments

  • Pre and Post test of Oral Language Skills:

  • Two tasks from Texas Oral Proficiency Test

  • Students’ responses recorded

  • Rated by native speakers using the following rubric:


Methodology instruments cont oral language skills rubric

Methodology/Instruments cont.-Oral Language Skills Rubric


Methodology instruments1

Pre-test – Post test of:

Motivational intensityQuestionnaire based on Gardner (1985)

Cultural SensitivityInventory of Cross-Cultural SensitivityCushner (1986)

Methodology/Instruments


Results oral skills

Results – Oral Skills

  • Overall, small yet significant improvement-wide variety of outcomes

  • +.31 average gain Pre-mean 2.47 Post-mean 2.77 p<.0001

  • Some students decreased-regression to the mean


Results oral skills1

Results – Oral Skills


Results cultural sensitivity

Results – Cultural Sensitivity

  • Overall, small yet significant improvement-wide variety of outcomes

  • +5.2 average gainPre-mean 166.91 Post-mean 171.24 p<.0001

  • 14 students’ Cultural Sensitivity decreased-regression to the mean


Results cultural sensitivity1

Results – Cultural Sensitivity


Results motivation

Results – Motivation

  • Overall, small yet significant improvement-wide variety of outcomes

  • +1.2 average gainPre-mean 29.31 Post-mean 30.47 p=.017

  • 13 students’ motivation decreased-regression to the mean


Gains in motivation

Gains in Motivation


Discussion

Discussion

  • Individual variation in outcomes-Pattern in study abroad research

  • Why no improvement for some?-In Language Skills, backsliding-Cultural Sensitivity, U-shaped adjustment-Motivation, reach goals, Where next?

Back


Discussion1

Discussion

  • Short-term programs have impact-Students can improve lang. skills-Cultural Sensitivity does improve -Better than no experience abroad-Good option for those with limited time for SA

Back


Implications for practice

Implications for Practice

  • Teaching: Involve students in reflective interaction with culture of target language speakers (service learning, study buddy)

  • Study Abroad: Prepare students for cultural differencesAid in processing cultural experiences(Journaling, Discussion, Check in with faculty etc.)Provide students with formal opportunities for ongoing interactions, such as community service, internships, clubs etc.

Back


L2 leila

L2 Leila…

and other sad study abroad songs

Back


Will the real me stand up

Will the real me stand up?

  • Write down 4 sentences describing yourself.

  • I always try to understand people.

  • I always look on the bright side.

  • I’m soooooostinkin’ smart I can’t stand it.

  • Now how did people perceive you in your second language when you first went abroad.


Will the real me stand up1

Will the real me stand up?

  • Leila in English

  • Leila in Russian

  • What is the difference between the ideal self and the “real” self?


Will the real me stand up2

Will the real me stand up?

  • What four factors affect self-construction in L2 learners?

  • Sense of status –

  • When threatened self image is weakened.

  • Control over interaction –

  • Lack of validation –

  • Safety is in jeopardy –


Extrinsic v intrinsic sense of self

Extrinsic v. Intrinsic sense of self

  • What’s the difference?

  • Curious cases of Rebeccah, p. 102-103 and Reannap. 105


How do people change their self image in the l2

How do people change their self image in the L2?

  • Improve L2 skills

  • Realize Mistakes are OK

  • Strategies


Strategies

Strategies

  • Self talk

  • Interaction Preparation

  • --Think about vocab etc. before conversation

  • Minimizing own knowledge

  • Fake that you don’t know

  • Choose comfortable environments

  • Are these good or bad? Which ones? Why?

Back


Discussion2

Discussion

  • With the findings of this study in mind,

  • If you were planning study abroad what activities or experiences would you create?

  • Similarly, as a program director, how will you approach study abroad differently now that you have read this article?

Back


Wilkinson

Wilkinson

  • Critical incident abroad, culture learning

  • What does this experience teach us about LANGUAGE learning abroad?

Back


Isabelli

Isabelli

Back


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