Facilitating Resilience in the Face of Poverty and Hardship:  Program Components Having a Positive I...
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Facilitating Resilience in the Face of Poverty and Hardship: Program Components Having a Positive Impact on Academic Success. Michele Einspar , Ed.D . [email protected] Learning Outcomes. Risk Factors associated with homelessness How protective mechanisms ameliorate effects

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Michele einspar ed d meinspar mac

Facilitating Resilience in the Face of Poverty and Hardship: Program Components Having a Positive Impact on Academic Success

Michele Einspar, Ed.D.

[email protected]


Learning outcomes

Learning Outcomes

  • Risk Factors associated with homelessness

  • How protective mechanisms ameliorate effects

  • Program components associated with academic success

  • Resilience components help students to be successful

  • How parent education helps children have success in school


Introductions

Introductions

  • Districts

  • School Sites

  • Community Organizations


Risk factors what we know

Risk Factors-What we Know…

  • Turn to your partner and talk about some of the risk factors you know that are associated with homelessness

  • Risk Factors:

  • Transportation, dropping out, admin. Igorance, intolerance, fees, school system, nutrition services, credits, no parent participation, drugs, food, mental health issues, feelings of safety at home school, deportation, immigration policies, school supplies, substance abuse, violence, DV

  • The term “at-risk”- focusing on potential for failure- a deficit model.


Risk factors

Risk Factors


A vicious cycle the function of risk factors

A Vicious Cycle: The Function of Risk Factors


What is resilience

What is Resilience?

  • A student who is resilient is one who, despite adversities and stress in life, manages to experience success in school and in life

  • Process of positive adaptation despite being confronted with adversity

  • Dynamic protective mechanisms that can facilitate success

  • Developed through interaction of the environment, factors and processes

  • Process leads to the positive adaptation of exposure to risks, such as homelessness

(Bernard, 1998; Brown, Caston, Bernard, 2001; Doll & Lyon, 1998; Henderson & Milstein, 2003; Luthar, Cicchetti & Becker, 2000; Masten & Coatsworth, 1998; McMillan & Reed, 1993; McMillan & Reed, 1994; Morrison, Brown, D‟Incau, O‟Farrell & Furlong, 2006; Pianta & Walsh, 1998; Wang, Haertel & Walberg, 1996; Wang, Haertal & Walberg, 1998).


Protective mechanisms

Protective Mechanisms

  • Lower impact of risk

  • Maintain a high self-esteem

  • Create opportunities for success

  • Eliminate potential negative effects of risk factors

  • Critical during times of transition

  • Can direct students onto a positive pathway

  • Child may be exposed to risk, but armed with protective mechanisms and positively adapts.

(Doll & Lyon, 1998; Masten, et al., 1990; Pianta & Walsh, 1998; Rutter, 1987).

Image retrieved from: http://www.tularehhsa.org/tasks/sites/default/assets/Image/PublicHealth/Primary_Care_Services/Clinics/immunization.gif


Protective cycle

Protective Cycle


Program components that facilitate success

Program Components that Facilitate Success

  • Take a moment and jot down some components in your program that you know have been successful with your McKinney-Vento Children

  • Program Components

    • Tutoring, after school porgrams, class fees, partnerships without side entitites, collaboration, proactive measure- school of origin- with registrars- annual training and comunication, program for unaccompanied youth- provide a place to talk ask questions and get linked to resources, life skills for students, consistent place to be, social work support services for students- ind/group counseling, work closely with parents, utlize community resources, family resource center where families can take showers, access internet, clothing food bank, homeless connect fair- haricuts, job aps, birth certificate, ameri corp nccc-residential prorgram ged prep help with housing


Program components that facilitate success1

Program Components that facilitate success

  • Forming Meaningful Relationships

    • Counselors, teachers, peers

  • Creating a caring environment

    • Providing basic needs

    • Providing transportation

    • Expedient enrollment

    • Equal access

  • Creating a sense of belonging

    • Policies facilitate increased access to school and students/families feeling more welcome in school

  • Creating community involvement in schools

    • Collaboration with agencies

  • Developing positive family relationships

    • Parent involvement

    • Identifying families and educating families about student rights and needs

    • Providing information and referrals to resources in the community


Meaningful relationships

Meaningful Relationships

  • No conditions

  • Positive

  • High expectations for success and academic achievement

  • Counseling focused on social emotional support helps to establish meaningful relationships

  • Social workers focused on fostering strengths and adaptive skills

  • May lead to increased self-efficacy

Image downloaded from: http://www.tcnj.edu/~hofmann/goals.jpg

Bernard, 1998; Brown, et al., 2001;DeCivita, 2006; Henderson & Milstein, 2003; Jozefowicz-Simbeni & Israel, 2006; Masten & Coatsworth, 1998; McMillan & Reed, 1993; McMillan & Reed, 1994; Morrison, et al., 2006; Wang, et al., 1996; Wang, et al., 1998


Program implications

Program Implications

  • Strategies

    • Forming new student support groups

    • Take one on one time to meet and encourage students and welcome them to the school

    • Mentoring focused on helping students solve problems

  • Components

    • Give choices

    • Construct opportunities to succeed

    • Foster responsibility for self and others

Image downloaded from: http://www.tcnj.edu/~hofmann/goals.jpg


Program component ideas focused on meaningful relationships

Model out of mn. Check and Connect- dev. mini relationships of trust- checking grades, attendance, discipline

Career center- connect with students- for extra curricular actitivty, start with the principals- PD up the principals

Strategies

Forming new student support groups

Take one on one time to meet and encourage students and welcome them to the school

Mentoring focused on helping students solve problems

Components

Give choices

Construct opportunities to succeed

Foster responsibility for self and others

Program component ideas focused on meaningful relationships


A caring environment

A Caring Environment

  • Buddy Programs

  • Providing a place to do homework

  • Increase access and awareness to resources in the community

  • Providing school supplies

  • Sensitive to student needs (understanding the negative connection with term homeless)


Program component ideas for creating caring environments

Cinderella’s closet for prom

Food pantry at school- each family gets to take home food every week- delivered to site

Partnering with local food bank

Take photos of kids- staff activity- every staff adopts a student- data driven

Poverty simulations

Ruby Payne -PD

Poverty simulation

Buddy Programs

Providing a place to do homework

Increase access and awareness to resources in the community

Providing school supplies

Sensitive to student needs (understanding the negative connection with term homeless)

Program Component Ideas for Creating Caring Environments


A sense of belonging

A Sense of Belonging

  • Positive school climate- encourages one to one connections with students, teachers and administration

    • Peer programs designed to help students feel like they are a part of the school.

    • Teacher training

  • Policy

    • Affidavits to facilitate prompt school enrollment, support for transportation, dispute resolution process

  • Providing shelters with school items (school spirit t-shirts, prom dress, memory books, graduation invitations) and school communication

  • Welcome the parents

    • Resource center for parents


Program ideas for creating a sense of belonging

Holiday helpers- parents volunteer and get gift cards to shop for kids- parents feel involved and kids feel connected to school and parents mentor families going through other situations,

Positive school climate- encourages one to one connections with students, teachers and administration

Peer programs designed to help students feel like they are a part of the school.

Teacher training

Policy

Affidavits to facilitate prompt school enrollment, support for transportation, dispute resolution process

Providing shelters with school items (school spirit t-shirts, prom dress, memory books, graduation invitations) and school communication

Welcome the parents

Resource center for parents

Program Ideas for Creating a Sense of Belonging


Community involvement

Community Involvement

  • Coordinated school-linked services

    • Shared decision making

    • Collaboration to provide integrated services geared towards facilitating academic success: housing, health, mental health


Program ideas for community involvement

After school programs service learning partnerships with community and colleges

After school tutoring at churches. School buses will transport to site.

Partnerships with local thrfit stores, backpacks,

Costco will often donate backpacks and fill backpacksfind out giving cycle

Walmart- donation drive-

Collaboration with staff to provide for extracurriculuar activities

Social networking with churches, rotary- facebook page where teachers can share needs ,

Swift resource.com

Coordinated school-linked services

Shared decision making

Collaboration to provide integrated services geared towards facilitating academic success: housing, health, mental health

Program Ideas for Community Involvement


Developing positive family relationships

Developing Positive Family Relationships

  • Programs that promote self-efficacy and student success

    • Resources that improve parent-child relationships: how to talk with kids about school, budgeting, nutrition, discipline strategies, finding resources within school and community that help with school.

    • Family resource centers where parents feel connected to their school

    • Connect parents to the teacher

    • Parent conference to celebrate success and increase awareness about resources in the community

    • Knowing the parents’ native language

    • Focus on family strengths


Three steps to success

Three Steps to Success

  • Get Ready!

    • What students need to be ready for school

  • Get Set!

    • How to talk with your child about school

    • How to set goals with your child

  • Keep on Going!

    • How to Reflect and Improve Goals

    • Good Study Habits


Program ideas for positive family involvement

Parenting with love and logic

Parent advocates about rights under IDEA,

Split conference times,

Multi cultural piece and demongraphics culture of different families,

Provide food at events

Program Ideas for Positive Family Involvement


Program implications1

Program Implications

  • Principal’s role in the school

  • Program duration and depth

  • Meaningful relationships

    • Focus on advocacy

  • Positive Family Programs

  • Enrichment and Strengths

    • Growth mindset


Web of protection

Web of Protection


Questions to consider

Take parent teacher conferences to the commnity

How can you involve principals in your district?

How can you improve the depth of your program?

How can you direct your program to focus on strengths?

Questions to Consider


Resilience education is the key to ending the cycle of homelessness

Resilience education is the key to ending the cycle of homelessness


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