World Regional Geography April 21, 2010. Reading : Marston Chapter 10 pages 472-503, 506-508 Goode’s World Atlas pages 189-199, 201-213 (East, Southeast, and South Asia). Takstang Monastery, Bhutan. South Asia. Political Boundaries Physiographic Regions History Empires
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World Regional Geography
April 21, 2010
Marston Chapter 10 pages 472-503, 506-508
Goode’s World Atlas
pages 189-199, 201-213 (East, Southeast,
and South Asia)
Takstang Monastery, Bhutan
NASA Satellite Imagery
Mughal India (1504-1707)
** Nepal and Bhutan remained independent
History: Independence & Partition
Founded in 1747 by Pashtun tribal leaders (Durrani Empire)
19th Century: British influence
1919: Full independence from Britain following 3rd Anglo-Afghan War
Cold War Politics
1978: Communist government reforms, Rural Islamic militants
1979: Soviets invade to support communist government, US supports Afghan mujahideen.
1989: Soviets withdraw
1996: Taliban takes control
United in 1768 (formerly 3 separate kingdoms)
1996-2006 Civil War (Maoists rebels)
United in 1907 under a single Monarch
In previous centuries minor Bhutanese fiefdoms repelled Tibetan and Mongol invaders.
Democracy emerged in the last 10 years
Last nation on earth to introduce television (1999).
The Festival of Tihar (The festival of Lights) honors the Goddess Laxmi, the goddess of wealth. The second day of the festival is called “Kukar Tihar” (dogs day), during which dogs are honored for the role they play in society.
1947 Independence from Britain
Maharaja attempted to achieve independence
India helped repel Pakistani invasion
Mao did not agree
Environmental History & Issues
Culture & Ethnicity
Culture & Ethnicity