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RDA in MARC American Library Association July 2009 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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RDA in MARC American Library Association July 2009. Sally H. McCallum Library of Congress [email protected] Overview. Good news MARC changes Process Principles Content, media, carrier types Attributes for names and resources Relationships Other Documentation. Good news.

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RDA in MARC American Library Association July 2009

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RDA in MARCAmerican Library AssociationJuly 2009

Sally H. McCallum

Library of Congress

[email protected]


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Overview

  • Good news

  • MARC changes

    • Process

    • Principles

    • Content, media, carrier types

    • Attributes for names and resources

    • Relationships

    • Other

    • Documentation


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Good news

  • RDA was designed to be compatible with MARC 21

    • most libraries creating RDA data are currently using an ILS that imports/exports data in MARC 21


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MARC ChangesProcess - Working Group

  • Everett Allgood - New York University and CC:DA Liaison

  • Corine Deliot - British Library

  • Rebecca Guenther - Library of Congress

  • Bill Leonard - Library and Archives Canada

  • Sally McCallum - Library of Congress

  • Marg Stewart - Library and Archives Canada and Joint Steering Committee Liaison

  • Martha Yee - UCLA Film and Television Archive

  • Rich Greene – OCLC

  • John Espley – VTLS

  • Reinhold Heuvelmann – Deutsche Nationalbibliothek

  • Rhonda Lawrence – UCLA

  • Kathy Glennan – University of Maryland

  • Bill Moen – University of North Texas, School of Library and Information Sciences


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MARC ChangesProcess

  • MARBI paper from JSC in January 2008

  • Organized Working Group in early 2008

  • Worked from summaries of possible differences provided by the JSC liaison

  • Met every week via teleconference

  • Divided up the work – 25 items initially

    • Proposals

    • Discussion papers

    • No Change needed

    • Contractor analysis needed

    • RDA intent not yet clear

  • June 2008 – 4 Proposals, 5 Discussion Papers

  • January 2009 – 3 Proposals, 2 Discussion Papers

  • June 2009 – 3 Proposals, 3 Discussion Papers


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MARC ChangesWorking principles

  • FRBR entities and RDA data

    • MARC 21 will continue to be used by diverse communities with different rules and data models – although RDA will be prominent

      • Neutral concerning which types of records (authority, bibliographic, holdings) map to which FRBR entities

      • Neutral and flexible with respect to enterprise database designs that ingest MARC data, but enabling enterprise use of any of the designs hypothesized by RDA


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MARC ChangesWorking principles

  • Parsing data

    • Weigh parsing of data at point of data entry and possible increase in cataloging costs, against enhanced end user experience.

    • Consider the existing MARC Principles for parsing data:

      • Categorical indexing or retrieval

      • Special manipulation or formatting

    • Favor use of system-generated display labels based on a field tag or a subfield code, as is common already


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MARC ChangesWorking principles

  • Coded values for RDA terms

    • RDA term lists are open ended and not meant to be closed and complete

    • Exactly aligning MARC code lists with RDA term lists is not necessary – but comparison and adjustment is useful


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Content, media, and carrier types

  • RDA 6.10 content type

    • RDA – “fundamental form of communication in which the content is expressed and the human sense through which it is intended to be perceived”

    • E.g., still image, text, 3-dimensional form

  • RDA 3.2 media type

    • RDA – “general type of intermediation device required to view, play, run, etc., the content of a resource”

    • E.g., audio, microform

  • RDA 3.3 carrier type

    • RDA – “format of the storage medium and housing of a carrier”

    • E.g., audio disc, microform cassette

  • Open ended RDA term lists for each type


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    Content, media, and carrier types

    • Content type

      • MARC Leader/06 - must continue to use

        • Less granular than RDA

        • MARC LDR/06 code examples

          • e - cartographic material

          • f - manuscript cartographic material

    • New field 336 - use if want to record exact RDA terms

      $a Content type terms

      $2 Source

      • RDA term examples

        • cartographic dataset

        • cartographic image

        • cartographic moving image

        • cartographic tactile image

        • cartographic tactile three-dimensional form

        • cartographic three-dimensional form

      • 336 ## $a cartographic dataset $2 rda


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    Content, media, and carrier types

    • Media type

      • MARC 007/00 – close match with RDA

        • 007 provides coding for multiple facets of resource

          • MARC 007/00 code examples

            • h - microform

            • s - sound recording

      • New field 337 - use if want to record exact RDA terms and/or do not need to code additional facets of resource

        $a Media type term

        $2 Source

        • RDA term examples

          • microform

          • audio

        • 337 ## $a microform $2 rda

        • 337 ## $a audio $2 rda


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    Content, media, and carrier types

    • Carrier type

      • MARC 007/01 – close match with RDA

        • 007 provides coding for multiple facets of resource

          • MARC 007/01 code examples

            • b - microfilm cartridge

            • d - sound disc

      • New field 338 - use if want to record exact RDA terms and do not need to code additional facets of resource

        $a Carrier type term

        $2 Source

        • RDA term examples

          • microform cartridge

          • audio disc

        • 338 ## $a microfilm cartridge $2 rda

        • 338 ## $a audio disc $2 rda


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    Attributes of names and resources

    • RDA specifies attributes that are currently included in headings (preferred access points) and additional ones from FRAD

    • Attributes of names

      • persons, families, corporate bodies

      • recorded in MARC “name” Authority record

      • in heading or in separate field

  • Attributes of resources

    • works and expressions

    • recorded in MARC “name/title” Authority record (common model) or in Bibliographic record for work or expression (possible model)

    • in heading or in separate field


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    Attributes of names (Authority format)

    • Dates: birth and death, period of activity, corporate establishment and termination, family

      • Access point: $d for persons and meetings

      • New 046 (Special coded dates)

      • Same field as in Bibliographic record with new subfields

    • Places: of birth, death, residence, associated with person or family, corporate headquarters

      • Access point: $c for meetings

      • New 370 (Associated place)

    • Address: of person or corporate body

      • New 371 (Address)

        • Modeled on 720 from Bibliographic format

    • Activities: field of activity of person or corporate body, affiliation and occupation of person

      • Access point: $c for persons

      • New 372 (Field of activity)

      • New 373 (Affiliation)

      • New 374 (Occupation)

    • Gender

      • New 375 (Gender)

    • Families: type, hereditary title, prominent member

      • New 376 (Family information)

    • Language: of person or corporate body

      • New 378 (Associated language)


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    Attributes of names (Authority format)

    • Example

      100 0# $aSpagna $c(Artist), $d1450-1528.

      372 ## $a Artist

      046 ## $f1450 $g1528

    • Example

      110 2# $a Double Image (Musical group : 1977-)

      046 ## $s 1977

      372 ## $a Musical group

    • Example

      100 1# $a Singer, Isaac Bashevis, $d 1904-1991

      046 ## $f1904 $g1991

      370 ## $a Radzimyn, Poland $b Surfside, Fla.

      • [born in Radzimyn, Poland; died in Surfside, Fla.]


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    Attributes of works and expressions(Discussion Paper currently at MARBI)

    • Form of work

      • E.g., motion picture, play, music, symphony

      • Access point: parenthetical in $a or $t titles

      • No controlled RDA list

      • New 380? (Form of work) in Bibliographic and Authority

    • Date of work / of expression

      • Access point: $f in titles

      • 046 (Special coded dates) - additional subfields in Authority

    • Place of origin of work

      • Add new Authority field 370 (Associated place) to Bibliographic

    • Other distinguishing characteristic of work / of expression

      • New 381? (Other distinguishing characteristics) to Bibliographic and Authority

    • Medium of performance

      • Access point: subfield $m

      • New 382? (Medium of performance) to Bibliographic and Authority

    • Numeric designation of a musical work

      • Access point: subfield $n

      • New 383? (Numeric designation of musical work) to Bibliographic and Authority

    • Key of a musical work

      • Access point: subfield $r

      • New 384? (Key) to Bibliographic and Authority


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    Attributes of works and expressions (draft currently at MARBI)

    • Example

      130 0# $aCinderella (Choreographic work)

      380? ## $aChoreographic work

    • Example

      100 1# $aBach, Johann Sebastian,$d1685-1750. $t $aKaffee-Kantate

      383? ## $cBWV 211

    • Example

      100 1# $aFaith, Richard,$d1926-$tMiniatures

      382? ## $aoboe $apiano

      382? ## $aclarinet $apiano


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    Attributes of names and resources

    • Again, attributes may be recorded

      • In separate new field

      • In heading subfield, if available,

      • In both

    • Note (15 July 2009): These PowerPoint slides have been changed to reflect the decision made the day after the program to use the 37X range (rather than the 62X range) in the Authority format for the Name attributes. The Resource attribute tags (38X) in the previous two slides are under discussion and not yet approved.


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    Relationships

    • Resource to name

      • RDA Appendix I

      • Examples: author, artist, illustrator, cartographer, conductor

  • Resource to resource

    • RDA Appendix J

    • Examples: dramatized as (work); sequel; digest of (expression); filmed with (manifestation)

  • Name to name

    • RDA Appendix K

    • Examples: alternate identity, employee, founder, descendent, founding family

  • Names = persons, families and corporate bodies

  • Resources = works, expressions, manifestations and items


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    RelationshipsName to resource

    • Relationship designators

      • In Bibliographic 1XX, 6XX, 7XX, and 8XX

        • record relator terms in $e ($j for X11)

        • 700 1# $aSmith, Elsie, $d1900-1945, $eillustrator

        • 700 1# $aGalway, James. $eperformer $econductor

    • In Authority 1XX, 4XX, 5XX

      • record relator terms in $e ($j for X11)

      • 100 1# $aBlum, Leon, $d1872-1950, $edefendant $tLeon Blum devant la Cour supreme, Riom. $lHebrew


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    RelationshipsResource to resource

    • RDA specifies 4 basic linking methods:

      • Identifiers such as ISBN, ISSN, record control number, URIs

        • e.g., $x, $w, $0, $u subfields; 856 field

      • Authorized access points

        • e.g., Bibliographic 7XX; Authority 4XX and 5XX

      • Structured description fields

        • e.g., 76X-78X

      • Unstructured description fields (notes)

        • e.g., Bibliographic 500; Authority 600


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    RelationshipsResource to resource

    • Relationship designation

      • Identifier linking methods

        • Bibliographic and Authority 856

          • Relationship expressed in $y

        • Other identifiers in specific fields that indicate relationship

      • Authorized access points

        • Authority 4XX and 5XX; Bibliographic 700-711, 730

        • Relationship expressed in subfield $i

      • Structured description fields

        • Bibliographic 76X-78X (Linking entry fields)

        • Relationship expressed in tag, indicator, and/or subfield $i

      • Notes

        • Authority 6XX and Bibliographic 5XX

        • Relationship expressed in text of note


    Relationships resource to resource authorized access points l.jpg

    Relationships – Resource to resourceAuthorized access points

    • Designation in $i(proposed)

      • Bibliographic record

        245 00 $a Triumph : $b for concert band / $c by Michael Tippett.

        700 1# $i paraphrase of $a Tippett, Michael, $d 1905-1998. $t Mask of time.

      • Authority record

        130 #0 $a Alice in Wonderland, or, What's a nice kid like you doing in a place like this? / $c Hanna-Barbera Productions ...

        500 1# $i parody of $a Carroll, Lewis, $d 1832-1898. $t Alice's adventures in Wonderland.


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    Relationships – Resource to resourceLinking entry fields, 76X-78X

    • Designation in indicator (continued by)

      245 00 $aPreliminary seismological bulletin.

      785 00 $tTEIC quarterly seismological bulletin $x0741-1898 $w(DLC)sc#83007721#

    • Designation in tag (issued with)

      245 04 $aMythlore.

      777 1# $tMythprint $x0146-9347

    • Designation in $i

      100 1# Verdi, Giuseppe, $d 1813-1901

      245 10 $a Otello $b full score

      787 0# $i reproduction of $a Verdi, Giuseppe, 1813-1901 $t Otello $d Milan : Ricordi, c1913


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    RelationshipsName to name

    • Authorized access points

      • Authority 4XX and 5XX

      • Relationship expressed in subfield $w/0 or in $i

  • Designation in $i

    110 20 $a I.M. Pei & Partners

    500 1# $a Pei, I. M $d 1917- $i founder


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    Mis’l other additions for RDA

    • 502 (Dissertations)

      • additional specificity in for degree type, institution and date

  • Under consideration

    • Date of capture (enhanced 518)

    • Repeatability of ISSN subfield in 490

    • Subfield for URIs for values


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    Where to find MARC/RDA change information

    • Documentation - www.loc.gov/marc

      • Draft documentation of approved changes

      • Links to documents describing possible changes under discussion

      • Direct link: www.loc.gov/marc/formatchanges-RDA.html

      • Examples will be added after decisions from this MARBI meeting are finalized


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    • Thanks

    • Contacts and information:

      • [email protected]

      • [email protected]

      • www.loc.gov/marc


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