KANDYAN DANCE
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KANDYAN DANCE. Kandyan Dance is a dance form that originated in the area called Kandy of the Central hills region in Sri Lanka. But today it has been widespread to other parts of the country.

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KANDYAN DANCE

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Kandyan dance

KANDYAN DANCE


Kandyan dance

  • Kandyan Dance is a dance form that originated in the area called Kandy of the Central hills region in Sri Lanka. But today it has been widespread to other parts of the country.


Kandyan dance

According to the legend, the origins of the dance lie in an exorcism ritual known as the Kohomba Kankariya, which was originally performed by Indian shamans who came to the island upon the request of a king who was suffering from a mysterious illness.


Kandyan dance

  • It was originally performed by dancers who were identified as a separate caste under the Kandyan Fudel system.

  • They were aligned to the Temple of the Tooth and had a significant role to play in the Dalada Perahera (procession) held each year by the temple.

  • Tänze (Uda Rata Netum) Ves Tanz "Ves" dance, the most popular, originated from an ancient purification ritual, the Kohomba Yakuma or Kohomba Kankariya.


Kandyan dance

There are many varieties in this dance

"Ves" dance, the most popular, originated from an ancient purification ritual, the KohombaYakuma or KohombaKankariya.


Kandyan dance

  • Naiyandi dance

    Naiyandi is performed during the initial preparations of the KohombaKankariya festival, during the lighting of the lamps and the preparation of foods for the demons.

  • The dancer wears a white cloth and white rurban, beadwork decorations on his chest, a waistband, rows of beads around his neck, silver chains, brass shoulder plates, anklets, and jingles.


Kandyan dance

Uddekki dance

  • Uddekki is a very prestigious dance. Its name comes from the Uddekki, a small lacquered hand drum in the shape of an hourglass, about seven and half inches (18 centimeters) high, believed to have been given to people by the gods.

  • It is a very difficult instruments to play. The dancer sings as he plays, tightening the strings to obtain variations of pitch.


Kandyan dance

  • The pantheruwa is an instrument dedicated to the goddess Pattini.

  • It resembles a tambourine (without the skin) and has small cymbals attached at intervals around its circumference.

  • The gods were believed to use this instrument to celebrate victories in war, and Sinhala kings employed pantheru dancers to celebrate victories in the battlefield.

  • The costume is similar to that of the uddekki dancer, but the pantheru dancer wears no beaded jacket and substitutes a silk handkerchief at the waist for the elaborate frills of the uddekki dancer.

Pantheru dance


Kandyan dance

Vannams

The word "vannam" comes from the Sinhala word "varnana" (descriptive praise).

  • It describes about the behaviours of animals like Elephants, monkeys, rabbits, peacock, cocks, serpents etc.

  • There are 18Vannams in the Kandyan Dance form.


Kandyan dance

Costume

  • The dancers wear an elaborate costume including a headdress.

  • The dancer's chest is only covered by a decorative beaded net

  • The headdress incorporates a metallic front which makes the dancer look taller than he


Kandyan dance

Music

  • The Kandyan Dance is traditionally performed to percussion only. The most common drum is the GetaBeraya, which is only used in Kandyan Dance.

  • To assist the dancer to keep rhythm a small pair of cymbals known as the Thalampota is also used.


Kandyan dance

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