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All-Path Bridging Update. Jun Tanaka (Fujitsu Labs. Ld.) Guillermo Ibanez (UAH) Vinod Kumar ( Tejas Networks ). IEEE Plenary meeting San Francisco 17-21 July . All-Path : Basic Idea. Modified learning, filtering and forwarding

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all path bridging update

All-Path Bridging Update

Jun Tanaka (Fujitsu Labs. Ld.)

Guillermo Ibanez (UAH) Vinod Kumar (Tejas Networks)

IEEE Plenary meeting San Francisco 17-21 July

all path basic idea
All-Path : Basic Idea
  • Modified learning, filtering and forwarding
  • Addressed to small and medium size networks
  • Objectives: overcome RSTP limitations and obtain good latency paths without configuration

x

Blocking

x

MAC=a

Flooding

MAC=b

scope of all path
Scope of All-Path

Both support, loop free, shortest path

SPB, ECMP

TRILL

Enterprise, Campus, Small datacenter etc.

Manageability

LAN

ALL-PATH

Large area, provider network

Large datacenter etc.

  • Simple
  • Less operation
  • Natural load balance

MAN/WAN

Scalability

issue1 path recovery
Issue1. Path Recovery
  • Mechanism: When unknown unicast frame arriving at bridge with failed link, path fail message is generated per MAC entry towards source bridge, that generates corresponding ARP to re-establish tree.
  • Question: If 10K MAC entries are existed in FDB, 10K path fail frames should be generated, is it feasible processing for local CPU, especially in high-speed link (ex. 10GE)?
  • It can be applicable for small or medium networks if we are targeting the enterprise, campus and small datacenter etc.
  • Moreover, a solutionis proposed that minimize the frame generation.
path recovery cont d
Path recovery (cont’d)

flush “b”

flush “b”

a

a

2

1

1

2

SW3

SW5

flush message is terminated because “b” is not binded to port1

3

3

a

a

b

a

b

a

b

b

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

SW1

SW2

SW4

SW6

flush “b”

MAC=a

MAC=b

Delete entry “b” from FDB and re-sends the flush message to SW1.

May includes two or more…ex. 100s of MAC addresses to be flushed as a list.

  • When link failure is detected, MAC flush lists (187 MAC / 1500B frame) are flooded. 54 frames by a day for 10K MAC entry.
  • Avoid unnecessary flooding, MAC list is deleted to shorten.
  • Issues: How to prevent flush frame loss.

May require CPU processing power.

  • Experience: 15ms to flush 10K MACs in a node (1GHz MIPS Core)
issue2 server edge
Issue2. Server Edge

VEB

VEB

  • Question: If a server has two or more NICs, how to find which port is first?
  • vswitch: only vswitch to support All-Path
  • VEB: both VEB and vswitch to support All-Path
  • VEPA: only external switch to support All-Path

Vswitch

Vswitch

VEPA

NIC

NIC

NIC

NIC

NIC

Ext. switch

issue3 load balance
Issue3. Load Balance
  • Load balance is available in natural way because high load link tend not to be selected with queuing delay.
  • Pros: zero-configuration load balance, no extra processing effort
  • Cons: you cannot control load balance like SPB/ECMP
report on proposal for avb tg
Report on Proposal for AVB TG
  • May 12, Thu, morning session @ AVB
  • Dr. Ibanez presented the materials as used in IW session (Singapore and Santa Fe)
  • Questions and comments
    • Any other metric than latency e.g. bandwidth?
    • Path recovery time comparing with RSTP?
    • Any broadcast storm occurred when link failed?
    • What’s the status in IW session, any PAR created?
  • AVB status
    • They try to solve by their own way, using SRP.
    • Not only latency but also bandwidth can be used as metric
    • Also redundant path can be calculated
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