UKOLN is supported by:. Interoperability? Are Standards The Answer?. Brian Kelly UKOLN University of Bath Bath. Email [email protected] URL http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/. Contents. Role Of Open Standards. What Are Open Standards?. Why Open Standards?.
Role Of Open Standards
What Are Open Standards?
Why Open Standards?
Interoperability, Open Standards & Open Source
Problems With Open Standards
Using Open Standards
Open Standards & Software
Scope Of Open Standards
Why We Need QA
See <http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/qa-focus/documents/briefings/briefing-11/>What Are Open Standards?
These views probably aren’t accepted by bearded, left-of-centre Linux geeks – but may be held by the senior managers who are the target audience of this workshop’s deliverables.
Standards: concerned with protocols and file formats
Architectures: models for implementing systems
Open standards vs. Proprietary HTML / XML vs. PDF / Flash
CSS / XSL vs. HTML
GIF vs PNG
Which standards are applicable
NT / UnixFile system / database application
HTML tools / content management
Applications: software products used to implement systems
Resources: financial & staff costs needed to implement systems
Apache / IIS
FrontPage / Dreamweaver
Oracle / SQLServer
ColdFusion vs ASP
Development vs. Migration costs
Use of in-house expertise
In-house vs. out-sourced
Licensed vs. open source
You can use open standards, be fully compliant and not be interoperable :-(
Note that (draft) JISC Programme Guidelines have inconsistencies in this area
Advantages: Reflects HE software development culture; tolerant of diversity (skills, resources, …); encourages sharing of best practices
Disadvantages: Permits organisations to perpetuate existing, non-optimal practices; no guarantees of interoperability; woolly; …
Remember legislation expects organisations to take "reasonable measures"
Note this idea is at an early stage