Literary criticism
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Literary Criticism. Class #10. “ The Social Construction of Race ”. by Ian F. Haney L ópez. Vocabulary: Jurisprudence 法律體系 appellee 被告 plaintiff 原告 , 起訴人 burden of proof 提供證據之責任 evidentiary burden presumably 據推測 presumptively 根據推定的 verdict 裁決.

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Literary Criticism

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Literary criticism

Literary Criticism

Class #10


The social construction of race

The Social Construction of Race

by Ian F. Haney Lpez


Literary criticism

  • Vocabulary:

    • Jurisprudence

    • appellee

    • plaintiff ,

    • burden of proof

      evidentiary burden

    • presumably

    • presumptively

    • verdict


Literary criticism

  • Thesis statement: Race is neither an essence nor an illusion, but rather an ongoing, contradictory, self-reinforcing, plastic process subject to the macro forces of social and political struggle and the micro effects of daily decisions (966).


Literary criticism

  • Anti-essentialism: Biological race is an illusion (972).

  • Scientific evidence: intra-group differences exceed inter-group differences (967).


Literary criticism

  • Post-structuralist stance: Race must be viewed as a social construction (968).


Literary criticism

  • Four facets of racial fabrication, or the social construction of race:

    • Man-made categories (=human constructs)

    • Race is often intertwined with gender and class issues.

    • Meaning-systems surrounding race change quickly rather than slowly.

    • Races are constructed relationally, against one another, rather than in isolation.


Food for thought

Food for Thought

  • 1. How does Lpez use the four facets to explain the racial identity of Mexicans?

  • 2. Do we have any racial issues in Taiwan? How mightLpezs theory help us?

  • 3. Read the following poems to delineate the construction of race.


Literary criticism

  • Sollors, Werner. Ethnicity. Eds. Frank Lentricchia and Thomas McLaughlin. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1990. 288-305.


Literary criticism

  • Ethnicity may spread and become universal precisely through a process of . . . resistance (Sollors 289).

  • Ethnic, racial, or national identifications rest on antitheses, on negativity (Sollors 288).


Literary criticism

  • Ethnic identity, seen this way, is logically and historically the product of the assertion that A is an X because he is not a Ya proposition which makes it remarkably easy to identify Xness (Sollors 288)


Literary criticism

  • Fredrik Barth observes ethnicity rests on the boundary, not on the cultural stuff that it encloses (qtd. in Sollors 299).

    **Could you find any boundary-constructing images in the poems that follow?


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1994, http://unitas.udngroup.com.tw/b/200010/storyb4-3.htm


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  • 1.,?

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  • http://www.esouth.org/?q=node/450

  • http://blog.sina.com.tw/archive.php?blog_id=4548&md=entry&id=4230

  • http://www.lungteng.com.tw/teacher/v-school/chinese/literature_class/books4/13-2.htm

  • http://www.nhu.edu.tw/~literary/1-1sociology/14.doc

  • http://cls.admin.yzu.edu.tw:88/LAIHE/C1/c12_021cm.htm


Literary criticism

  • http://contest.taivs.tp.edu.tw/game/37_4808/p3.html


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Diaspora

Diaspora

  • The term diaspora ("a scattering or sowing of seeds") is used to refer to any people or ethnic population forced or induced to leave their traditional ethnic homelands; being dispersed throughout other parts of the world, and the ensuing developments in their dispersal and culture.

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diaspora


Literary criticism

The End


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