Understanding Our High-Tech Students and Developing the Best Learning Approaches. Larry D. Rosen, Ph.D. California State University, Dominguez Hills September 17, 2013. TECHNOLOGY USED TO BE JUST FOR GEEKS AND NERDS. … NOW IT IS FOR EVERYONE. TODAY’S TALK PLAN. A Tale of 6 Generations
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Understanding Our High-Tech Students and Developing the Best Learning Approaches
Larry D. Rosen, Ph.D.
California State University,
September 17, 2013
TECHNOLOGY USED TO BE JUST FOR GEEKS AND NERDS. … NOW IT IS FOR EVERYONE
TODAY’S TALK PLAN
A Tale of 6 Generations
Gobbling a Daily Media Diet
A New Era of Communicating
The Student Brain – A scary concept!
Three Simple Strategies for Educating Our Young Learners
WE ARE IN THE MIDST OF SIX VASTLY DIFFERENT GENERATIONS
THE PACE OF TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE IS DIZZYING
Penetration Rate = Years to Reach 50 Million Users
Radio took 38 years
The Telephone took 20 years
Television took 13 years
Cell Phones took 12 years
Angry Birds Took Just 35 Days!
The WWW took 4 years
iPods took 3 years
Blogs took 3 years
MySpace took 2.5 years
Facebook took 2 years
YouTube took 1 year
IS IT ANY WONDER WHY?
THESE ARE ALL TECHNOLOGIES THAT DID NOT EXIST BEFORE THE YEAR 2000
AND THEY USE THEM ALL …
AT THE SAME TIME
NEW TECHNOLOGY IS MAKING OUR LIVES MORE DIFFICULT BECAUSE WE ARE CONTINUALLY HAVING TO LEARN MORE AND MORE . . . AND FASTER AND FASTER
And Sometimes it Just Doesn’t Make Sense
CHILDREN, TEENAGERS AND YOUNG ADULTS SEEM LIKE THEY ARE ALIENS … PARTICULARLY WHEN THEY COMMUNICATE
HOW MUCH TECHNOLOGY ARE THEY USING EACH DAY?
BABY BOOMERS 8 HOURS A DAY
GENERATION X 15 HOURS A DAY
NET GENERATION 21 HOURS A DAY
iGENERATION 21 HOURS A DAY
GENERATION “C” 10 HOURS A DAY
WHAT TECHNOLOGIES DO THEY USE 2 HOURS OR MORE A DAY?
BABY BOOMERS TV
GENERATION X MUSIC
NET GENERATION MUSIC
HOW ABOUT OUR YOUNG LEARNERS?
GENERATION “C” TV
THEY ALSO COMMUNICATE “DIFFERENTLY”
HERE ARE THEIR PREFERRED WAYS TO COMMUNICATE
NATIONAL NIELSEN RESEARCH
And 42% of teens say they can text blindfolded.
HAS THIS LED TO
THE EPITOME OF MULTITAKSING WAS INTRODUCED AT THE 2013 CONSUMER ELECTRONICS SHOW
MEET THE BRAND NEW
MULTITASKING ACROSS GENERATIONS
(“Continuous Partial Attention”)
GENERATION C iGENERATION NET GEN GEN X BABY
4-8 9-12 13-15 16-18 BOOMERS
WHICH TASKS ARE EASY OR DIFFICULT FOR YOU TO MULTITASK?
Eating and playing a board game?
Reading a book and listening to music?
Surfing the Internet and listening to music?
Reading a book and watching TV?
Reading a book and talking on the phone?
Reading a book, texting, Facebooking, and listening to music (with the TV on)?
ARE THEY REALLY MULTITASKING?
WHAT ARE THE COSTS OF MULTITASKING?
Poor Decision Making
Breadth vs. Depth of Material
Poor Sleep Habits
Overuse of Caffeine
THE PROBLEM IS BETWEEN THEIR EARS … OR RATHER BEHIND THEIR FOREHEAD
WHAT DOES THE PREFRONTAL CORTEX DO?
NERVE CELLS IN THE PREFRONTAL CORTEX DO NOT FUNCTION WELL FROM BIRTH
INFANT NEURONS START WITHOUT A “COATING” CALLED MYELIN
AT BIRTH CHILDREN START TO MYELINATE NEURONS BUT SOME SIGNALS STILL ESCAPE
BY ADULTHOOD ALL NEURONS ARE MYELINATED
THE DEVELOPMENTAL PROCESS OF MYELINATION
WHAT DOES IT MEAN?
AND TECHNOLOGY OVERLOADS OUR BRAINS
YOUR BRAIN SEARCHING GOOGLE
YOUR BRAIN READING A BOOK
IT IS ALSO ABOUT ANXIETY
OUR RECENT STUDY OF ANXIETY AND OBSESSION
(Cheever, Pasquerella, Rosen, & Carrier, 2013)
WHAT HAPPENED TO ANXIETY?
Smartphones taken away
WHO GOT THE MOST ANXIOUS?
Smartphone Taken Away
Heavy Smartphone Users
Light Smartphone Users
WHAT DOES A BRAIN NEED TO STAY HEALTHY?
THE BRAIN NEEDS SLEEP
WHAT DO TEENS DO IN THE HOUR BEFORE SLEEP?
AND THEY SLEEP WITH THEIR PHONE ON!
WHAT DO YOU DO WITH YOUR CELL PHONE WHEN YOU GO TO SLEEP?
Leave the ringer on (44%)
Put ringer on vibrate (31%)
WHAT DOES THE RESEARCH SHOW ABOUT TEEN SLEEP DISRUPTION?
SO, WHAT IS IT?
“NORMAL” SLEEP CYCLES
WHAT HAPPENS IF SLEEP IS DISRUPTED?
WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR EDUCATING OUR CHILDREN, TEENS & YOUNG ADULTS?
THIS LEADS TO THREE MAIN ISSUES FOR EDUCATORS
OUR YOUNG STUDENTS HAVE 10 UNIQUE VALUES
Social connections are everything
Speed/Immediacy is CRITICAL
Belief in SELF: Any dream can be reality
Enjoy being creative
Strong family connection (not f2f)
Strong work ethic, but temptedby distractions (both external & internal)
Prefer to work in teams (“social”)
Prefer project deadlinesbut no progress reports
Need positive reinforcement immediateand often
Motivated by time off to play with technology
HELPING THEM LEARN “FOCUS AND ATTENTION” IS CRITICAL
HOW DO STUDENTS FOCUS WHILE STUDYING?
ARE THEY DISTRACTED?
AND WHAT ROLE DOES TECHNOLOGY PLAY IN THEIR FOCUS AND ATTENTION?
OUR STUDY OF STUDYING:
A CASE OF DISTRACTED LEARNERS
SAME FOR COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS AND MEDICAL STUDENTS
AND … THE MOST OFF-TASK STUDENTS HAD THE MOST OPEN WINDOWS!!!
WHAT PREDICTS SCHOOL PERFORMANCE (GRADES)?
How much they stay “on task” (GOOD!)
If they have strategies for studying (GOOD!)
Preference for task switching (BAD )
Daily media consumption (BAD )
Whether they checked Facebook ONCE during 15 minutes (AWFUL!)
Knowing how you best learn
Knowing how your brain works
Knowing what conditions help you best learn and study
OUR RECENT STUDY:
METACOGNITION IN ACTION
What is your major and why did you choose it?
IMPACT OF INTERRUPTIONS
8 TEXT GROUP DID WORSE THAN 0 TEXT GROUP
DID ANYONE SHOW “METACOGNITION”?
WHAT DISRUPTS STUDENTS THE MOST?
RESETTING THE BRAIN
HOW TO RESET THEIR BRAINS
(and maybe yours, too!)
TEACHING OUR STUDENTS DIGITAL TIME MANAGEMENT USING THE A-B-C METHOD
Tk u 4 urtme. r thr n e qs 4 me?