Tucs 10 years a personal perspective
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TUCS 10 Years : A personal perspective. Ralph-Johan Back. 2007. Prehistory. 2006. 2005. 2004. 2003. Visiting professor at Caltech, Passadena 1991-92 Caltech number 1 Graduate School in ”world” (Times Magazine) Strong research center, some 20 Nobel prize winners Focus on Ph.D. education

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Tucs 10 years a personal perspective

TUCS 10 Years:

A personal perspective

Ralph-Johan Back


Prehistory

2007

Prehistory

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • Visiting professor at Caltech, Passadena 1991-92

  • Caltech number 1 Graduate School in ”world” (Times Magazine)

  • Strong research center, some 20 Nobel prize winners

  • Focus on Ph.D. education

  • Strong international enrollment of Ph.D. students

  • Well-organized administration to back up graduate school

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Tucs kick off meeting 1993

2007

TUCS kick-off meeting 1993

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • Meeting with IT professors at TY, ÅA and TuKKK in September 1993 (in ”gamla bibban”)

  • Decided to start planning for a JointInternational Graduate School in Computer Science (IT) in Turku

  • TUCS guarantee was taken as basic principle for funding

  • International reqruitment, no preferential treatment for own students

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Planning tucs 1993

2007

Planning TUCS 1993

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • Autumn 1993:

  • Committee to plan TUCS working principles

    • Ralph Back, Timo Järvi, Tapio Reponen, Arto Salomaa

  • TUCS was to be just a graduate school

  • Participting departments:

    • TY (CS & Mat), ÅA (CS), TuKKK (IS)

    • ÅA (IS) joined later (1995)

  • Graduate school formed in November 1993

    • Formal agreement between participating departments

    • Name was TGSCS

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Second tucs agreement 1994

2007

Second TUCS agreement 1994

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • March 1994:

  • New agreement, now between faculties

  • Name changed to TUCS

  • Faculties of Math & Natural Sciences in TY and ÅA, and TuKKK

  • Started international enrollment of Ph.D. students

  • Pilot funding from Ministry of Education (500 kmk)

  • Administration:

  • Ralph Back (director), Timo Järvi (vice director)

  • Arto Salomaa (chairman of board), Tapio Reponen (vice chairman)

  • Eeva Reijonen, TUCS secretary

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Tucs start for real 1994

2007

TUCS start for real 1994

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • First 24 students accepted in autumn 1994

  • 5 students with grants

  • 6 students with salaries

  • 13 students with guarantees

  • Students from

  • Finland, China, Russia and Lithuania

  • Each student assigned supervisor

  • Supervisor sometimes changed later within reserch groups

  • Eventually, 19 students finished with a Ph.D.

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

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1992

1991


Tucs 1994 students with ph d

2007

TUCS 1994 students with Ph.D

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • Grants:

    • Cungshen Ding (China, supevisor A. Salomaa, Ph.D 1997)

    • Linas Laibinis (Lithuania, R. Back, 2000)

    • Jianming Liang (China, T. Järvi, 2001)

    • Leonid Mikhailov (Russia, R. Back, 1999)

    • Anna Sosyura (Russia, R. Back, 1999)

  • Salaries

    • Jouni Järvinen (Finland, M. Nurminen, 1999)

    • Arto Lepistö (Finland, J. Karhumäki, 2002)

    • Janne Näppi (Finland, O. Nevalainen, 2000)

    • Tomi Pasanen (Finland, J. Teuhola, 1999)

    • Vesa Torvinen (Finland, M. Nurminen, 1999)

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Tucs 1994 students cont

2007

TUCS 1994 students, cont.

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • Guarantees (older students with project funding):

  • Timo Auer (Finland, supervisor T. Reponen, Ph.D. 1995)

  • Jukka Hekanaho (Finland, R. Back, 1999)

  • Timo Käkölä (Finland, M. Nurminen, I. Eriksson, 1996)

  • Marjo Lipponen (Finland, A. Salomaa, 1996)

  • Thomas Långbacka (Finland, R. Back, 1997)

  • Juha Pärnistö (Finland, T. Reponen, 1997)

  • Rimvydas Ruksenas (Lithuania, R. Back, 2004)

  • Jukka Viitanen (Finland, Tapio Reponen, 1998)

  • Marina Walden (Finland, R. Back, K. Sere, 1998)

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


A busy summer 1994

2007

A busy summer 1994

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • Summer 1994

  • National graduate school applications

  • Center of excellence applications

  • We decided to also make TUCS into research center (on request from the Academy of Finland)

  • Starting 1995:

  • National Graduate school funding (Ph.D. student positions)

  • Center of Excellence in Research status 1995- 1999

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Tucs status changes 1997

2007

TUCS status changes 1997

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • New TUCS agreement, now between universities consolidates TUCS status

  • TUCS a separate institute, belonging jointly to TY, ÅA and TuKKK

  • TUCS get responsibility to coordinate all IT research and education in the three participating universities

  • TUCS get responsibility to coordinate university education in IT expansion in Turku

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Tucs achivements 1

2007

TUCS achivements -1

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • International graduate school

  • Enrollment, supervision, funding, follow up, travelling, publications,

  • TUCS affiliations for all students

  • Appr. 200 Ph.D. students have been accepted

  • Some 70 Ph.D.s have been produced

  • Presently 100 Ph.D. students

  • Joint M.Sc. Education in English

  • Some 60 M.Sc. courses given in English each year

  • Extensive cooperation between IT professors in Turku

  • TUCS board for planning and discussions

  • Joint initiatives on national level

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Achievements 2

2007

Achievements - 2

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • TUCS publication series

  • TUCS technical reports start in 1996

  • Now more than 600 TR published

  • TUCS publishes also Ph.D. thesis, conference publications, lecture notes, etc.

  • TUCS publication database

  • Keeps track of all TUCS research publications

  • More than 3000 publications recorded since 1996 (2000 in international, refereed publications)

  • International cooperation in Ph.D. education

  • TUCS founding member of European Educational Forum

  • TUCS has organized large number of summer schools and conferences

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Achievements 3

2007

Achievements - 3

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • First CS education expansion started in 1996

  • M. Engineering in CS started in ÅA

  • Second CS education expansion started 1998

  • Almost doubled IT education volume in TY, ÅA, TuKKK

  • New areas, new professorships, new curriculum

  • A large and demanding task

  • Master of Engineering degree at TY

  • Joint M.Eng. Education with ÅA/TY started in 1998

  • TY receives own M. Eng. Degree in 2004

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Tucs achievements 4

2007

TUCS achievements - 4

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • TUCS laboratory structure introduced in 2000

  • Now 16 research laboratories, in different areas

  • Encourage starting new laboratories, new research fields

  • International masters program in IT started in 2001

  • Precursor to Bologna agreement

  • Volume still growing, some 60 students were accepted in 2004, but drop out rate is still high

  • New ICT building

  • Next to Data City, some 25 000 m2 floor space

  • Will contain IT departments in ÅA, TY, and Turku Polytechnic

  • Ready in summer 2006

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Challenges barriers

2007

Challenges, barriers

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • Language barriers

  • Finnish, Swedish, English

  • Not always easy to combine usage of different languages

  • Overall, TUCS has been successful in meeting this challenge

  • Research area barriers

  • Not as big a problem as expected

  • Interest for interdisciplinary research

  • But not always easy to organize

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Challenges barriers 2

2007

Challenges, barriers -2

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • Administrative barriers

  • Barriers between universities, faculties, departments

  • These have been the really tough ones

  • Still very much to do to get smooth cooperation

  • Todays result based financing makes cooperation even more difficult than it was before

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Tucs 2004

2007

TUCS 2004

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • CS expansion phase is over in TUCS

  • External funding from Ministry of Education and municipalities in Turku region is drying up

  • This funding is being replaced by result based funding and by external research funding

  • The overall funding may not be decreasing, but a much smaller part will be channeled through TUCS

  • Basic funding remains (universities, graduate school)

  • TUCS faces new realities, needs to refocus

  • TUCS needs to get its own money streams, or then shrink to become a cooperation organization only

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

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Tucs future 2005

2007

TUCS future 2005 --

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • 4 scenarios

  • Educational TUCS

  • Research TUCS

  • Political TUCS

  • Industrial TUCS

  • May realize one, two or more scenarios (or none)

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

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1992

1991


Educational tucs

2007

Educational TUCS

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • Develope TUCS into a national and international IT education center

  • Continued emphasis on Ph.D. studies

  • International M.Sc. students program expanded, with external financing

  • Adult education, retraining

  • Focused courses and training for the industry

  • Conferences, workshops and summer schools

  • TUCS has head start with Bologna process

    • Bachelor and M.Sc. Level studies separated from the beginning

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

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1992

1991


Research tucs

2007

Research TUCS

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • Develope TUCS into an international research center focused on some specific IT areas

  • Start large, EU wide research programs in these areas

  • Only capacity for 1-3 focus areas, where high competence can be achieved

  • International reqruitment of researchers

  • Requires combined efforts of two or more TUCS research labs

  • Industrial cooperation

  • Extensive international research cooperation

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Example focus areas

2007

Example focus areas

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • Bioinformatics

  • Health/medical IT

  • Software processes and reliability

  • Security and communication

  • IT in business processes

  • Etc.

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Political tucs

2007

Political TUCS

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • Use TUCS as an instrument for coordinating joint initiatives

  • TUCS has good PR, considered nationally as a big player in CS

  • Departments individually are small players, do not have strong profile nationally or internationally

  • TUCS has proved its usefulness earlier in coordinating and getting funding for joint initiatives

  • Larger intiatives require credibility, volume and cooperation

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991


Industrial tucs

2007

Industrial TUCS

2006

2005

2004

2003

  • Expand TUCS into a national player in IT industry

  • Make TUCS into an independent center that is affiliated with the universities, but manages its own finances

  • Could be jointly (partly?) owned by the universities

  • Should make profit in one way or the other, to finance its activities

  • Financing need not all come from industry, could also come from government and EU sources.

  • Focus activities on areas where there is strong competence and demand for service

  • Responsive to industry demands (VTT model?)

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

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1995

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1992

1991


Ralph johan back

Thank you for supporting

TUCS !


Turku centre for computer science

Turku Centre for Computer Science

Turun tietotekniikantutkimus- ja koulutuskeskus

Åbo datatekniska forsknings-och utbildningscentrum

DataCityLemminkäisenkatu 14 A20520 Turku


Presentation

Presentation

  • TUCS mission and organization

  • TUCS Master’s School

  • TUCS Graduate School

  • TUCS Research Laboratories


5 departments from 3 universities

5 Departments from 3 Universities

  • University of Turku

    • Department of Information Technology

    • Department of Mathematics

  • Åbo Akademi University

    • Department of Computer Science

    • Department of Information Systems (and the Institute for Advanced Management Systems Research)

  • Turku School of Economics and Business Administration

    • Institute of Information Systems Science


The size of tucs 2004

The size of TUCS 2004

  • 38 Professors

  • 50 Doctors

  • 90 Ph.D. Students

  • Administrative Staff (25)


Ralph johan back

TUCS’ mission● to conduct high level research and education within the area of Information Technology● to develop cooperation between universities and companies

Goal: better utilization of present resourses


Organization

The Director of TUCS

The board

Advisory Committee

(23

·

representatives

,

mostly outside

Administrative workgroup

representatives from companies)

(the department heads)

Master’s School

Graduate School

Research

·

Laboratories

(

advanced level

Graduate

·

studies

)

School

16

·

Master’s School

independent

Committee

workgroup

laboratories

·

3 educational

workgro

ups

Organization


Ralph johan back

Advanced level courses at 5 departments

TUCS

Mast.School

Master

Master

(from B. degree)

Bachelor

Level of

Cooperation


Activities are carried out in

Activities are carried out in...

  • TUCS Master’s School

  • TUCS Graduate School

  • TUCS Research Laboratories


Tucs master s school 1

TUCS Master’s School (1)

  • Established in the autumn of 2002

  • 4 Master’s programmes (2 years)

    • Information Technology (University of Turku)

    • Software Engineering (Åbo Akademi University)

    • Electronic and Mobile Commerce (Åbo Akademi University)

    • Global IT Management (Turku School of Economics and Business Administration)

  • No tuition fees

  • Compulsory student union membership, about 85 euros/year


Tucs master s school 2

TUCS Master’s School (2)

  • Open for students from everywhere

  • Prerequisites

    • University degree equivalent to a Bachelor's degree awarded by a Finnish university

    • Knowledge of English

  • Finnish Master’s Degree

    • Advanced level courses instructed in English

    • Master’s thesis, supervisor from one of the TUCS research laboratories


Tucs graduate school 1

TUCS Graduate School (1)

  • Established in 1994

  • First Graduate School in Finland

  • In Finland there are alltogether 6 Graduate Schools within the area of Computer Science

  • TUCS Graduate School 2004

    • 90 Ph.D. students

    • 35% foreign students (representing around 15 nationalities)


Tucs graduate school 2

TUCS Graduate School (2)

  • 4 years, open for students from everywhere

  • Offering doctoral studies in the following areas:

    • Computer Science

    • Mathematics

    • Information Systems

    • Computer Engineering

    • Communication Systems

    • Microelectronics


Tucs graduate school 3

TUCS Graduate School (3)

  • The studies consist of:

Doctoral Dissertation

Supervisor from one of the

research laboratories

120 study weeks

  • Advanced level studies

  • at the 5 departments

  • offered in English

  • coordinated by the

  • educational workgroups

40 study weeks


Research at tucs

Research at TUCS

  • Over 3000 international publications since 1994

  • 16 Research Laboratories within the following research areas:

    • Algorithmics

    • Bioinformatics

    • Communication Systems

    • Discrete Mathematics

    • Embedded Systems

    • Information Systems

    • Mathematical Modelling

    • Microelectronics

    • Software Engineering


Tucs research laboratories 1

TUCS Research Laboratories (1)

  • 1. Algorithmics

  • 2. Bioinformatics

  • 3. Biomathematics

  • 4. Communication Systems

  • 5. Data Mining and Knowledge Management

  • 6. Discrete Mathematics for Information Technology

  • 7. Distributed Systems Design


Tucs research laboratories 2

TUCS Research Laboratories (2)

  • 8. Embedded Systems

  • 9. Health and Medical Informatics

  • 10. High Performance Computing and Communication

  • 11. Laboris Information Systems

  • 12. Learning and Reasoning

  • 13. Microelectronics


Tucs research laboratories 3

TUCS Research Laboratories (3)

  • 14. Mobile Commerce

  • 15. Networks Economics Institute

  • 16. Software Construction


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