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Persuasive Techniques Used in Writing. Or…how to get what you want!. What are PERSUASIVE TECHNIQUES ?. Persuasive techniques are the strategies authors use to make their writing more convincing . Persuasive techniques :

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Persuasive techniques used in writing

Persuasive Techniques Used in Writing

Or…how to get what you want!


What are persuasive techniques
What are PERSUASIVE TECHNIQUES?

  • Persuasive techniques are the strategies authors use to make their writing more convincing.

  • Persuasive techniques:

    • Get a reader’s attention

    • Emphasize a point

    • Polish the writing


Analogy
ANALOGY

  • DEFINITION: a comparison of similar ideas, often used to explain a complex situation by showing how it is like a simple one

  • EXAMPLE: Boot camp is like one long piano lesson: grueling, but ultimately rewarding.


Overstatement hyperbole
OVERSTATEMENT (hyperbole)

  • DEFINITION: a deliberate exaggeration for emphasis or effect

  • EXAMPLE:Everyone is talking about this product’s benefits!


Repetition
REPETITION

  • DEFINITION:Occurs when words are repeated in order to make a stronger impact on the reader

  • EXAMPLE: The people of this city deserve a mayor they can trust, a mayor they can respect, a mayor they can count on.


Rhetorical question
RHETORICAL QUESTION

  • DEFINITION: a question that prompts the reader to think, but which the writer does not answer because the answer is obvious

  • EXAMPLE:Take 5-hour energy! Who wouldn’t want more energy all day?


Sentence variety
SENTENCE VARIETY

  • DEFINITION: occurs when the length and structure of sentences is varied in order to make certain statements stand out more

  • EXAMPLE: In high schools all over the country, students are being fed lunches that are neither tasty nor nutritious. This MUST stop!


Appeal to reason
APPEAL TO REASON

  • DEFINITION: This is persuasive writing that appeals to the part of humans that likes to think. It uses facts, definitions, cause and effect, etc.

  • EXAMPLE: Many studies show that the most successful way for a student to improve his reading level is to READ!


Appeal to emotion
Appeal to Emotion

  • DEFINITION:When the writer scares you, makes you feel bad, or invokes another emotion to persuade you.

  • EXAMPLE:Every day, thousands of puppies perish in puppy mills. Can’t you afford to buy just one?


Appeal to authority
APPEAL TO AUTHORITY

  • DEFINITION:When a writer persuades someone by claiming someone respected or famous agrees with their point of view.

  • EXAMPLE:A doctor-led study shows alcohol and cigarettes are among the top killers in America.


Now you try
Now you try!

  • Write down the 10 persuasive techniques on your whiteboard.

  • Make a box next to each technique.

  • Read the examples on the following slides.

  • Make a check in the box that identifies the technique used for each example.


Name that technique
Name that technique!

  • Studies show that watching the History Channel will positively impact a student’s grade in World Studies.


Cause and effect
Cause and Effect!

  • Why? What are your clues?

  • You have a cause: Watching the History Channel.

  • You have an effect: Positive impact on grades.


Can you figure out this one
Can you figure out this one?

  • Haven’t you ever wanted to just kick back, relax, and watch some really bad TV?


Rhetorical question1
Rhetorical Question!

  • What was your context clue?

  • The question mark?

  • No real answer expected!


How about this one
How about this one?

  • We can learn from TV in the morning; we can learn from TV in the afternoon; we learn from TV in the evening.


Repetition1
Repetition!

  • Why?

  • Repeated words!


Here s another one
Here’s another one!

  • Watching too much TV will fry every cell in your brain.


Overstatement hyperbole1
Overstatement! (hyperbole)

  • What were your context clues?

  • Watching TV can’t literally fry your brain.

  • This is an exaggeration!


This one
This one?

  • Watching TV all the time is like becoming a vegetable, namely a potato.


Analogy1
Analogy!

  • What was your clue?

  • The word “like” is often used in analogies!


And this one
And this one?

  • Americans view too much television; 50% watch at least three hours every day.


Appeal to reason1
Appeal to Reason!

  • Your clue?

  • The numbers and %!


What s this one
What’s this one?

  • Watching your very favorite TV show with all of your friends can be mildly entertaining.


Understatement
Understatement!

  • The clue?

  • The word “mildly” is the biggest clue in this statement.


And this one1
And this one?

  • Many parents use children’s TV as a babysitter, or worse, as a substitute mother or father. Instead of reading to their children, they plop them in front of the television. If we want to raise children’s reading levels, the TV must be turned off. Parents, don’t abdicate your job!


Sentence variety1
Sentence Variety!

  • What was your tip-off?

  • Three long sentences.

  • One short sentence.


How about this one1
How about this one?

  • Every elementary school principal in the state of Arizona agrees that watching too much television is detrimental to their students.


Appeal to authority1
Appeal to Authority!

  • How did you know?

  • The principal! (He’s an authority!)


What s this technique
What’s this technique?

  • Parents, if you truly love your children and care about their futures, you will turn off the TV and take them for a walk.


Emotional appeal
Emotional Appeal!

  • Your clues?

  • Love.

  • Care.


One more
One more

  • Completing the practice homework will be the most fun you have had this entire year in English 10!

  • What persuasive technique have I just used?

  • You are correct!

  • It is OVERSTATEMENT!!



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