Early Modern Middle East and Asia. Mr. Stikes. SSWH11 Students will investigate political and social changes in Japan and in China from the seventeenth century CE to mid-nineteenth century CE.
a. Describe the policies of the Tokugawa and Qing rulers; include how Oda Nobunaga laid the ground work for the subsequent Tokugawa rulers and how Kangxi came to rule for such a long period in China.
b. Analyze the impact of population growth and its impact on the social structure of Japan and China.
Holy Roman Empire
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Ghana, Mali, Songhai
DID YOU KNOW: Shogun was a title given by the Emperor of Japan. In theory, all land in Japan was owned by the Emperor and given out in return for support. However, in the Tokugawa Shogunate, the Emperor had little political power.
DID YOU KNOW: Both Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi were born as poor peasants. Hideyoshi’s fear of others like him likely led him to making social classes hereditary.
DID YOU KNOW: Neither Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi achieved the title of Shogun. Instead, each was given the title of kampuku, or regent.
Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582)
Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536-1598)
Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)
DID YOU KNOW: The great Chinese explorer Zheng He explored the Indian Ocean during the reign of the Ming.
DID YOU KNOW: The name Ming means “brilliant” in Chinese.
DID YOU KNOW: In 1421, the Ming Emperor Yong Le moved his capital to Cambaluc, renaming it Beijing. Beijing has remained the capital of China since then.
The Dragon Throne of the Chinese Emperor
DID YOU KNOW: Qing means “clear” or “pure”
Vase from Kangxi period
DID YOU KNOW: Kangxi initiated the writing of The Complete Collection of Illustrations and Writings of Ancient and Modern Times. This massive work, first published in 1762, contains over 800,000 pages and over 100,000,000 Chinese characters documenting all Chinese writing that was known at the time, including both prose and poetry. Not surprisingly, this is the largest encyclopedia ever made.
Seal of the Kangxi Emperor, Kangxi period 1662—1722. Sandalwood, with cord of yellow silk. The Palace Museum, Beijing.
Growth of China
DID YOU KNOW: We are told that Qianlong himself wrote over 40,000 poems and 1,300 works of prose
DID YOU KNOW: Qianlong ruled China at the same time George Washington was President of the United States
Note the different ways in which he was presented to each group in his empire