Formal international recognition of the international terrestrial reference system itrs
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Formal international recognition of the International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS). Claude Boucher Pascal Willis. Context. ITRS was defined in 1988 within the IERS community and made available through its primary realizations (ITRF solutions)

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Formal international recognition of the International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS)

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Formal international recognition of the international terrestrial reference system itrs

Formal international recognition of the International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS)

Claude Boucher

Pascal Willis

GGOS SC 14 San Francisco 2008


Context

Context

  • ITRS was defined in 1988 within the IERS community and made available through its primary realizations (ITRF solutions)

  • The geoscience international scientific community formally adopted it (IUGG resolution, Perugia 2007)

  • The IAG services, in particular IGS, express their products in ITRS by using directly ITRF solutions.

  • Regional networks (CORS, EUREF, AFREF…) are also realizations of ITRS for a geographical area.

GGOS SC 14 San Francisco 2008


Formal international recognition of the international terrestrial reference system itrs

  • The GNSS community provides more and more services also directly expressed in ITRS. GPS and Galileo standard services are in such a case (US-EU agreement)

  • This implies that TRF information for WGS84 is recognized as a particular realization of ITRS

  • Nevertheless, for a variety of reasons, several other system designations are adopted in regulations or standards, in various communities:

    • WGS84 for ICAO, IAC, IHO

    • ETRS89 for EUREF, EuroGeographics and INSPIRE

GGOS SC 14 San Francisco 2008


Findings

Findings

  • Up to now, ITRS is formally adopted only by the geoscience community

  • Among several communities of practice (navigation, hydrography, geo-information…), various texts, recommendations or standards refer to multiple TRS designations in addition to ITRS, such as WGS84, ETRS89..whiich creates potential confusions

  • The existence, quality, perenity or reliability of ITRS realizations are presently ensured by various scientific groups or even individuals, without unified and inter-governmental guarantee

GGOS SC 14 San Francisco 2008


Proposals

Proposals

  • 1:To establish a new ISO standard which will endorse the ITRS as the unique preferred terrestrial reference system for all domains of activity

  • 2:To establish an international and inter-governmental governing structure which ensures the existence , quality , consistency and perenity of the various realizations of ITRS

  • 3:To ensure the proper clarifications in terminology and explanations of ITRS with regard to other terms such as WGS84, ETRS89

GGOS SC 14 San Francisco 2008


Proposal 1 iso standard

Proposal 1 ISO Standard

  • Content of the standard

    • Proper level of detail

    • Compatible with current activities (ITRF, regional networks, GNSS, WGS…)

  • Procedure of establishment

    • Link with existing ISO TCs

    • ISO member country to act as secretary (France possible candidate)

    • International support (GGOS, BIPM…)

GGOS SC 14 San Francisco 2008


Proposal 2 governance

Proposal 2 Governance

  • Three tracks:

    • a)to create a body related to an existing UN organization

    • b)to create a body related to an inter-governmental agreement, such as the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM), with potential involvement of BIPM

    • c)to create a new body through an ad hoc international agreement, possibly in the frame of GEO

GGOS SC 14 San Francisco 2008


Proposal 3 interoperability

Proposal 3 Interoperability

  • WGS84: To view WGS84 as the cover name of a specific realization of ITRS. This should be accepted by the satellite navigation community (the ICG mentioned before should play the leading role), civil aviation (ICAO), hydrography (IHO), cartography and geo-information (ICA), and ultimately the military community (USA or NATO).

  • ETRS89. As this system is defined precisely with regards to ITRS by EUREF, this should raise no problem if the issue is clearly documented

GGOS SC 14 San Francisco 2008


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