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le, la, l’, les un, une, des. French articles. le, la, l’, les (definite articles). What do these words mean? These words all mean the. So how do you know which one to use?????. Well, first of all, if the noun is plural, there is only one possibility: les

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Le la l les un une des

le, la, l’, les

un, une, des

French articles


Le la l les definite articles
le, la, l’, les (definite articles)

  • What do these words mean?

  • These words all mean the.

  • So how do you know which one to use?????




  • Your choice of definite article depends on the only one thing), then you have to choose from gender of the noun that follows.

  • In French, every noun has a gender—it is either masculine or feminine.

  • In order to choose between le or la, you have to know the gender of the noun.


  • For example, the noun only one thing), then you have to choose from boisson (drink) is feminine.

  • If you want to say thedrinkyou would say:

  • laboisson.


  • Since only one thing), then you have to choose from casse-croûte (snack bar) is masculine, how would you say the snack bar?

  • lecasse-croûte

  • Fantastique!


Reminder about plurals
Reminder about plurals… only one thing), then you have to choose from

  • But what if the noun is plural? For example, frites (fries). How would I say the fries?

  • lesfrites

  • (You can see that if a noun is plural, you don’t really need to know if it’s masculine or feminine in order to choose the correct article.)


  • So when do we use only one thing), then you have to choose from l’ ?

  • See if you can figure out the rule:

  • l’oignon (m) = the onion

  • l’agrafeuse (f) = the stapler

  • l’école (f) = the school

  • What do these words have in common?


  • That’s right!! They all start with a only one thing), then you have to choose from vowel AND they are singular.

  • Sooooo, l’ is used to mean the in front of a masculine or feminine noun starting with a vowel.


R vision
R only one thing), then you have to choose from évision

  • 1. _____ livre (m) = the book

  • 2. _____ prix (m) = the price

  • 3. _____ coupe glacée (f) = the ice cream sundae

  • 4. _____boissons (f) = the drinks

  • 5. _____oignons (m) = the onions

  • 6. _____ ordinateur (m) = the computer

le

le

la

les

les

l’


Vous tes tr s intelligents
Vous only one thing), then you have to choose from êtes très intelligents!

  • So let’s move on to indefinite articles…


Indefinite articles
Indefinite articles only one thing), then you have to choose from

  • un, une& des are indefinite articles.

    (They don’t refer to any specific item—any one will do.)

  • Do you know what they mean?

  • un livre = a book

  • une portion = a serving

  • des frites = some fries


Un une des
un, une, des only one thing), then you have to choose from

  • Which one is used in front of a masculine singular noun?

  • un

  • Which one is used in front of a feminine singular noun?

  • une



How are your matching skills

a) une commande only one thing), then you have to choose from

b) les desserts

c) un morceau

d) la commande

e) le morceau

f) une coupe glacée

g) des desserts

h) les frites

How are your matching skills?

  • 1. a piece

  • 2. the fries

  • 3. the piece

  • 4. an ice cream sundae

  • 5. the order

  • 6. an order

  • 7. some desserts

  • 8. the desserts


Vocabulaire les articles

the (m.sing.) only one thing), then you have to choose from

the (f.sing.)

the (m/f + voyelle)

the (m/f pl.)

a/an (m.sing.)

a/an (f.sing.)

some (m/f pl.)

vocabulaireles articles

  • le

  • la

  • l’

  • les

  • un

  • une

  • des


Notes grammar section les articles
Notes (grammar section) only one thing), then you have to choose from Les articles

  • Les articles définis: Definite articles.

  • They refer to something definite.

  • le - (m. sing.)

  • la - (f. sing.)

  • l’ - (m/f + vowel)

  • les - (m/f pl.)

THE


the chicken only one thing), then you have to choose from

the apple

the onion

the fries

the onions

le

  • Ex. _______poulet

  • _______pomme

  • _______oignon

  • _______frites

  • _______oignons

la

l’

les

les


  • Les articles indefinis only one thing), then you have to choose from : indefinite articles

  • They refer to something unspecific. (Anyone will do.)

  • un - (m. sing)

  • une - (f. sing)

  • des - (m/f pl.)

A, AN, SOME



Notes grammaire section les articles partitifs
Notes ( only one thing), then you have to choose from grammaire section)les articles partitifs

  • Les articles partitifs: Partitive articles.

  • They are used when referring to only part of a given substance.

  • du - (m. sing.)

  • de la - (f. sing.)

  • de l’ - (m/f + vowel)

  • des - (m/f pl.)

SOME

ANY


some chicken only one thing), then you have to choose from

some apple

some onion

some fries

some onions

du

  • Ex. _______poulet

  • _______pomme

  • _______oignon

  • _______frites

  • _______oignons

de la

de l’

des

des


  • Ex. I am eating only one thing), then you have to choose from some chicken.

  • Je mange du poulet.

  • (I am only eating a part of the chicken—not the whole thing.)


Attention
ATTENTION! only one thing), then you have to choose from

  • In a negativesentence:

  • du

  • de la de / d’

  • de l’

  • des

  • Ex. J’aime de la moutarde dans mon hot dog.

  • Je n’aime pasde moutarde dans mon hot dog.

  • Elle mange des oignons.

  • Elle ne mange pasd’oignons.

becomes


  • While we’re at it…. only one thing), then you have to choose from

  • un de/d’

  • une (becomes)

    in negative sentences.

    Ex. J’ai un frère. I have a brother.

    Je n’ai pasdefrère. I don’t have a brother.


A pratiquer
A pratiquer: only one thing), then you have to choose from

  • 1. I like (some)* mustard in my hot dog.

  • 2. We are eating (some) bread.

  • 3. We aren’t eating (any) bread.

  • 4. I don’t eat (any) onions.

  • 5. She eats (some)onions.

  • 6. They share (some) fries.

  • 7. They are sharing an ice-cream sundae.

  • 8. I am not sharing an ice-cream sundae.

  • *Note: In English, we don’t always say “some” or “any”, but in French we always use the article before the noun.


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