le la l les un une des
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
French articles

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 29

French articles - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

le, la, l’, les un, une, des. French articles. le, la, l’, les (definite articles). What do these words mean? These words all mean the. So how do you know which one to use?????. Well, first of all, if the noun is plural, there is only one possibility: les

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'French articles' - paige

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
le la l les definite articles
le, la, l’, les (definite articles)
  • What do these words mean?
  • These words all mean the.
  • So how do you know which one to use?????
Well, first of all, if the noun is plural, there is only one possibility:
  • les
  • For example, to say the teachersyou would say:
  • les professeurs.
If your noun is singular (that means you’re talking about only one thing), then you have to choose from le, la, l’ .
Your choice of definite article depends on the gender of the noun that follows.
  • In French, every noun has a gender—it is either masculine or feminine.
  • In order to choose between le or la, you have to know the gender of the noun.
For example, the noun boisson (drink) is feminine.
  • If you want to say thedrinkyou would say:
  • laboisson.
Since casse-croûte (snack bar) is masculine, how would you say the snack bar?
  • lecasse-croûte
  • Fantastique!
reminder about plurals
Reminder about plurals…
  • But what if the noun is plural? For example, frites (fries). How would I say the fries?
  • lesfrites
  • (You can see that if a noun is plural, you don’t really need to know if it’s masculine or feminine in order to choose the correct article.)
So when do we use l’ ?
  • See if you can figure out the rule:
  • l’oignon (m) = the onion
  • l’agrafeuse (f) = the stapler
  • l’école (f) = the school
  • What do these words have in common?
That’s right!! They all start with a vowel AND they are singular.
  • Sooooo, l’ is used to mean the in front of a masculine or feminine noun starting with a vowel.
r vision
  • 1. _____ livre (m) = the book
  • 2. _____ prix (m) = the price
  • 3. _____ coupe glacée (f) = the ice cream sundae
  • 4. _____boissons (f) = the drinks
  • 5. _____oignons (m) = the onions
  • 6. _____ ordinateur (m) = the computer







vous tes tr s intelligents
Vous êtes très intelligents!
  • So let’s move on to indefinite articles…
indefinite articles
Indefinite articles
  • un, une& des are indefinite articles.

(They don’t refer to any specific item—any one will do.)

  • Do you know what they mean?
  • un livre = a book
  • une portion = a serving
  • des frites = some fries
un une des
un, une, des
  • Which one is used in front of a masculine singular noun?
  • un
  • Which one is used in front of a feminine singular noun?
  • une
So now I bet you can guess when to use des (some).
  • That’s right! In front of a plural noun—either masculine or feminine!
how are your matching skills
a) une commande

b) les desserts

c) un morceau

d) la commande

e) le morceau

f) une coupe glacée

g) des desserts

h) les frites

How are your matching skills?
  • 1. a piece
  • 2. the fries
  • 3. the piece
  • 4. an ice cream sundae
  • 5. the order
  • 6. an order
  • 7. some desserts
  • 8. the desserts
vocabulaire les articles
the (m.sing.)

the (f.sing.)

the (m/f + voyelle)

the (m/f pl.)

a/an (m.sing.)

a/an (f.sing.)

some (m/f pl.)

vocabulaireles articles
  • le
  • la
  • l’
  • les
  • un
  • une
  • des
notes grammar section les articles
Notes (grammar section)Les articles
  • Les articles définis: Definite articles.
  • They refer to something definite.
  • le - (m. sing.)
  • la - (f. sing.)
  • l’ - (m/f + vowel)
  • les - (m/f pl.)


the chicken

the apple

the onion

the fries

the onions


  • Ex. _______poulet
  • _______pomme
  • _______oignon
  • _______frites
  • _______oignons





Les articles indefinis: indefinite articles
  • They refer to something unspecific. (Anyone will do.)
  • un - (m. sing)
  • une - (f. sing)
  • des - (m/f pl.)


notes grammaire section les articles partitifs
Notes (grammaire section)les articles partitifs
  • Les articles partitifs: Partitive articles.
  • They are used when referring to only part of a given substance.
  • du - (m. sing.)
  • de la - (f. sing.)
  • de l’ - (m/f + vowel)
  • des - (m/f pl.)



some chicken

some apple

some onion

some fries

some onions


  • Ex. _______poulet
  • _______pomme
  • _______oignon
  • _______frites
  • _______oignons

de la

de l’



Ex. I am eating some chicken.
  • Je mange du poulet.
  • (I am only eating a part of the chicken—not the whole thing.)
  • In a negativesentence:
  • du
  • de la de / d’
  • de l’
  • des
  • Ex. J’aime de la moutarde dans mon hot dog.
  • Je n’aime pasde moutarde dans mon hot dog.
  • Elle mange des oignons.
  • Elle ne mange pasd’oignons.


While we’re at it….
  • un de/d’
  • une (becomes)

in negative sentences.

Ex. J’ai un frère. I have a brother.

Je n’ai pasdefrère. I don’t have a brother.

a pratiquer
A pratiquer:
  • 1. I like (some)* mustard in my hot dog.
  • 2. We are eating (some) bread.
  • 3. We aren’t eating (any) bread.
  • 4. I don’t eat (any) onions.
  • 5. She eats (some)onions.
  • 6. They share (some) fries.
  • 7. They are sharing an ice-cream sundae.
  • 8. I am not sharing an ice-cream sundae.
  • *Note: In English, we don’t always say “some” or “any”, but in French we always use the article before the noun.