Le la l les un une des
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le, la, l’, les un, une, des. French articles. le, la, l’, les (definite articles). What do these words mean? These words all mean the. So how do you know which one to use?????. Well, first of all, if the noun is plural, there is only one possibility: les

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French articles

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Le la l les un une des

le, la, l’, les

un, une, des

French articles


Le la l les definite articles

le, la, l’, les (definite articles)

  • What do these words mean?

  • These words all mean the.

  • So how do you know which one to use?????


French articles

  • Well, first of all, if the noun is plural, there is only one possibility:

  • les

  • For example, to say the teachersyou would say:

  • les professeurs.


French articles

  • If your noun is singular (that means you’re talking about only one thing), then you have to choose from le, la, l’ .


French articles

  • Your choice of definite article depends on the gender of the noun that follows.

  • In French, every noun has a gender—it is either masculine or feminine.

  • In order to choose between le or la, you have to know the gender of the noun.


French articles

  • For example, the noun boisson (drink) is feminine.

  • If you want to say thedrinkyou would say:

  • laboisson.


French articles

  • Since casse-croûte (snack bar) is masculine, how would you say the snack bar?

  • lecasse-croûte

  • Fantastique!


Reminder about plurals

Reminder about plurals…

  • But what if the noun is plural? For example, frites (fries). How would I say the fries?

  • lesfrites

  • (You can see that if a noun is plural, you don’t really need to know if it’s masculine or feminine in order to choose the correct article.)


French articles

  • So when do we use l’ ?

  • See if you can figure out the rule:

  • l’oignon (m) = the onion

  • l’agrafeuse (f) = the stapler

  • l’école (f) = the school

  • What do these words have in common?


French articles

  • That’s right!! They all start with a vowel AND they are singular.

  • Sooooo, l’ is used to mean the in front of a masculine or feminine noun starting with a vowel.


R vision

Révision

  • 1. _____ livre (m) = the book

  • 2. _____ prix (m) = the price

  • 3. _____ coupe glacée (f) = the ice cream sundae

  • 4. _____boissons (f) = the drinks

  • 5. _____oignons (m) = the onions

  • 6. _____ ordinateur (m) = the computer

le

le

la

les

les

l’


Vous tes tr s intelligents

Vous êtes très intelligents!

  • So let’s move on to indefinite articles…


Indefinite articles

Indefinite articles

  • un, une& des are indefinite articles.

    (They don’t refer to any specific item—any one will do.)

  • Do you know what they mean?

  • un livre = a book

  • une portion = a serving

  • des frites = some fries


Un une des

un, une, des

  • Which one is used in front of a masculine singular noun?

  • un

  • Which one is used in front of a feminine singular noun?

  • une


French articles

  • So now I bet you can guess when to use des (some).

  • That’s right! In front of a plural noun—either masculine or feminine!


How are your matching skills

a) une commande

b) les desserts

c) un morceau

d) la commande

e) le morceau

f) une coupe glacée

g) des desserts

h) les frites

How are your matching skills?

  • 1. a piece

  • 2. the fries

  • 3. the piece

  • 4. an ice cream sundae

  • 5. the order

  • 6. an order

  • 7. some desserts

  • 8. the desserts


Vocabulaire les articles

the (m.sing.)

the (f.sing.)

the (m/f + voyelle)

the (m/f pl.)

a/an (m.sing.)

a/an (f.sing.)

some (m/f pl.)

vocabulaireles articles

  • le

  • la

  • l’

  • les

  • un

  • une

  • des


Notes grammar section les articles

Notes (grammar section)Les articles

  • Les articles définis: Definite articles.

  • They refer to something definite.

  • le - (m. sing.)

  • la - (f. sing.)

  • l’ - (m/f + vowel)

  • les - (m/f pl.)

THE


French articles

the chicken

the apple

the onion

the fries

the onions

le

  • Ex. _______poulet

  • _______pomme

  • _______oignon

  • _______frites

  • _______oignons

la

l’

les

les


French articles

  • Les articles indefinis: indefinite articles

  • They refer to something unspecific. (Anyone will do.)

  • un - (m. sing)

  • une - (f. sing)

  • des - (m/f pl.)

A, AN, SOME


French articles

  • Our next lesson will cover the partitive articles du, dela, and de l’


Notes grammaire section les articles partitifs

Notes (grammaire section)les articles partitifs

  • Les articles partitifs: Partitive articles.

  • They are used when referring to only part of a given substance.

  • du - (m. sing.)

  • de la - (f. sing.)

  • de l’ - (m/f + vowel)

  • des - (m/f pl.)

SOME

ANY


French articles

some chicken

some apple

some onion

some fries

some onions

du

  • Ex. _______poulet

  • _______pomme

  • _______oignon

  • _______frites

  • _______oignons

de la

de l’

des

des


French articles

  • Ex. I am eating some chicken.

  • Je mange du poulet.

  • (I am only eating a part of the chicken—not the whole thing.)


Attention

ATTENTION!

  • In a negativesentence:

  • du

  • de la de / d’

  • de l’

  • des

  • Ex. J’aime de la moutarde dans mon hot dog.

  • Je n’aime pasde moutarde dans mon hot dog.

  • Elle mange des oignons.

  • Elle ne mange pasd’oignons.

becomes


French articles

  • While we’re at it….

  • un de/d’

  • une (becomes)

    in negative sentences.

    Ex. J’ai un frère. I have a brother.

    Je n’ai pasdefrère. I don’t have a brother.


A pratiquer

A pratiquer:

  • 1. I like (some)* mustard in my hot dog.

  • 2. We are eating (some) bread.

  • 3. We aren’t eating (any) bread.

  • 4. I don’t eat (any) onions.

  • 5. She eats (some)onions.

  • 6. They share (some) fries.

  • 7. They are sharing an ice-cream sundae.

  • 8. I am not sharing an ice-cream sundae.

  • *Note: In English, we don’t always say “some” or “any”, but in French we always use the article before the noun.


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