Political Ideologies. Democracy. A type of gov’t which allows citizens to elect their leaders. Other characteristics associated with democracy: freedom of the press freedom of religion innocent until proven guilty . Liberalism.
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A type of gov’t which allows citizens to elect their leaders.
Other characteristics associated with democracy:
freedom of the press
freedom of religion
innocent until proven guilty
Simply put, most democracies offer a range of political choices between liberal on the left of the political spectrum and conservative on the right. Liberals generally believe:
people are mostly good by nature
hence we should enjoy intellectual, religious and economic freedom
Liberals opposed the idea of “Divine Right of kings” during the French Revolution
Conservative philosophy comes from the Latin term “conservare” which means to save traditions and established government & religious institutions. Edmund Burke was one of the original conservative philosophers.
A type of government which demands total obedience of its citizens. The gov’t controls every aspect of life in the country. (ie: Hitler’s Germany, Stalin’s USSR).
an economic system in which all citizens are free to own their own property and equipment for production.
Competition between businesses and industries keeps prices fair and drives the economy.
Usually goes hand in hand with democracy (USA, England, France, Canada...)
aims for economic equality and individual freedom
believes the community, not wealthy individuals should own the means of production in Canada
the NDP has traditionally been our socialist party-it has forced the mainline parties (Liberal & Conservative) to implement socialism
Socialism for Canadians
For Canadians this translates into a high level of government intervention with (taxes are steep to pay for)
Old age & disability pensions
An economic system created by Karl Marx in his “Communist Manifesto.” There is no private property. It is taken from the wealthy class (bourgeoisie) by the working class (proletariat) in a revolution.
All means of production are henceforth owned by the state (public)
IE: farms, factories and equipment
Fascism is born out of a crisis in a country
A “father figure” declares that he has solutions
Italy’s Benito Mussolini 1922 - 1945
Germany’s Adolf Hitler 1933 - 1945
Fascism looks like
parades, rallies, banners and flag displays
In Germany - belief in a superior race
a belief that the state has been cheated and is in need of international justice
Minorities can be mistreated if they do not match the template set by dictator
Examples of such “castaways” in Nazi Germany:
It wasn’t safe to talk politics
Fascism can lead to militarism
Italy took over Abyssinia (Ethiopia) in 1935
Germany invaded Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland...
A dictator takes over and democracy is tossed out - along with many personal freedoms
Fascists are opposed to communism
Review Of the Political Spectrum
Totalitarianism = total dictatorship
Totalitarianism tends to live at both (extreme) ends of the spectrum.
Canada’s Political Spectrum
Conservatism - a tad to the right of centre
Liberalism - a tad to the left of centre
Socialism (NDP) - stretches a little more to left.
The act of intentionally breaking the law to protest the laws one considers unjust (bad)
Does not involve violence
Should only be used against laws that are seriously harmful
Requires taking responsibility for one’s actions. Must face punishment to show the strength of one’s beliefs.
Mohandas Gandhi used non-violent civil disobedience to protest taxing of the poor and discrimination of women and the under privileged
Nelson Mandela used non-violent civil disobedience to protest apartheid in South Africa
Martin Luther King Jr. used it to fight against segregation in the USA
Clayoquot Sound: a Canadian Example
Provincial government wanted to log the forest in Clayoquot Sound
Protesters organized a “sit-down” where they sat in the middle of the road to block trucks and workers
Police had to arrest the protesters
750 people were arrested
Caused the government to rethink logging practices and change their policy