The Value of Support Groups and how they Operate. Human problems catered for Support groups Benefits and value of support groups The organisation of support groups. The Presenter. Adelbert Scholtz – Retired pastor (NG Kerk) Part-time lecturer: practical theology & pastoral care (UFS)
Human problems catered for
Benefits and value of support groups
The organisation of support groups
Adelbert Scholtz –
Support groups hope to cater for
people with the following human problems:
In typical mild, moderate, or severe depressive episodes, the patient suffers from lowering of mood, reduction of energy, and decrease in activity. Capacity for enjoyment, interest, and concentration is reduced, and marked tiredness after even minimum effort is common. Sleep is usually disturbed and appetite diminished. Self-esteem and self-confidence are almost always reduced and, even in the mild form, some ideas of guilt or worthlessness are often present.
A disorder characterized by two or more episodes in which the patient's mood and activity levels are significantly disturbed, this disturbance consisting on some occasions of an elevation of mood and increased energy and activity (hypomania or mania) and on others of a lowering of mood and decreased energy and activity (depression). Repeated episodes of hypomania or mania only are classified as bipolar.
States of subjective distress and emotional disturbance, usually interfering with social functioning and performance, arising in the period of adaptation to a significant life change or a stressful life event. The stressor may have affected the integrity of an individual's social network (bereavement, separation experiences) or the wider system of social supports and values (migration, refugee status), or represented a major developmental transition or crisis (going to school, becoming a parent, failure to attain a cherished personal goal, retirement).
A group of disorders in which anxiety is evoked only, or predominantly, in certain well-defined situations that are not currently dangerous. As a result these situations are characteristically avoided or endured with dread. The patient's concern may be focused on individual symptoms like palpitations or feeling faint and is often associated with secondary fears of dying, losing control, or going mad. Contemplating entry to the phobic situation usually generates anticipatory anxiety. Phobic anxiety and depression often coexist. Whether two diagnoses, phobic anxiety and depressive episode, are needed, or only one, is determined by the time course of the two conditions and by therapeutic considerations at the time of consultation.
Arises as a delayed or protracted response to a stressful event or situation (of either brief or long duration) of an exceptionally threatening or catastrophic nature, which is likely to cause pervasive distress in almost anyone. Typical features include episodes of repeated reliving of the trauma in intrusive memories ("flashbacks"), dreams or nightmares, occurring against the persisting background of a sense of "numbness" and emotional blunting, detachment from other people, unresponsiveness to surroundings, anhedonia, and avoidance of activities and situations reminiscent of the trauma.
In a support group, members provide each other with various types of help, usually nonprofessional and nonmaterial, for a particular shared, usually burden-some, characteristic. The help may take the form of providing and evaluating relevant information, relating personal experiences, listening to and accepting others' experiences, providing sympa-thetic understanding and establishing social networks.
It can be dangerous to be socially isolated, especially when suffering from depression, anxiety etc.
A support group and social network can act as an umbrella against the storms of life
When a suffering person joins a support group and gets to know other people with similar problems who have managed to get better, it instills hope that his/her own situation is not hopeless.
When a suffering person joins a support group he/she discovers that his/her problem is not totally unique but that there are other people with similar problems – and that they have managed to overcome their problems partially or totally.
A support group is an important source of information regarding the nature of human problems and how to solve them. Some support groups invite experts to deliver lectures. Many members have made a study of their own problems and may inform other members about their findings.
In a support group the members learn how to care for each other. The joy of helping somebody else is a great cure for depression and sadness. The example of altruism by others helps shy people to reach out to others.
Many disorders may be attributed to childhood experiences in the primary family. The support group often develops into an imitation of the primary family where members can learn to correct unhelpful attitudes and behaviours.
A support group offers a safe environment where various types of social and interpersonal behaviour can be tried. Unhelpful and unproductive behavioral patterns can then be weeded out – resulting in better mental health and social skills.
A support group provides a safe environment where members can practice new behavioral patterns and imitate a positive and admired role model (often the group leader or facilitator) – thereby learning new attitudes and habits.
The group provides a caring environment within which troubled people can receive help and practice interpersonal skills and relations. The members form a specialised social support group for troubled people.
Members of a support group tend to exhibit their maladaptive and unproductive habits after a period of time. The group members provide them with feedback regarding these habits and help them to learn new ways to express their emotions.
The support group will develop, over time, into a scaled-down version of society as a whole. Members will acquire certain roles if the group is small enough and new roles can be practiced.
In a supporting and non-judgmental group, where a member may disclose his/her story without fear, the other members can lead that person to a greater understanding of his/her mistakes in dealing with others and of unhelpful ways of thinking and acting.
Every person –
a faceless member of society; and
respect and recognition –
which may be gained in a
“If you fail to plan you plan to fail”
A support group needs the