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The Future of USA Racewalking: Are you already coaching a potential Olympian?. Dave McGovern, MSS World Class Racewalking www.racewalking.org. A Brief History of Racewalking.

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The future of usa racewalking are you already coaching a potential olympian l.jpg

The Future of USA Racewalking:

Are you already coaching a potential Olympian?

Dave McGovern, MSS

World Class Racewalking

www.racewalking.org



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Although competitive walking can trace its roots back to 16th century Europe, the 19th Century was the Golden Age of walking in the US. Pedestrian races were immensely popular in the US and Great Britain throughout the 19th and into the early 20th century.


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Ultra races ranging from from 12 hours to six days were among the most popular spectator sports during the Victorian era. Large prize purses were common and betting was prolific.


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Due to its popularity at the time, racewalking became one of the first events on the Olympic program.


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Racewalking first appeared in the Olympics in 1904 as an event in the “all-rounder,” the precursor to the decathlon. In 1906, separate 1,500-meter and 3,500-meter races were contested. Over the years distances were gradually increased to the current 20km and 50km events.


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Henry Laskau, Ron Laird, Larry Young and other US walkers were among the best in the world through the 1950s and ‘60s.


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Racewalking remained reasonably popular in North America through the 1980s, but we’ve been on a steady decline ever since.


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U.S. Olympic Men’s Trials Qualifiers through the 1980s, but we’ve been on a steady decline ever since.


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Possible reasons for the decline: through the 1980s, but we’ve been on a steady decline ever since.


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Make that “Big Five.” These kids are OUR future. through the 1980s, but we’ve been on a steady decline ever since.



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NCAA DIVISION I TRACK & FIELD MENS REGIONAL QUALIFYING STANDARDS

Event FAT MT

100 Meters 10.55 --

200 Meters 21.35 --

400 Meters 47.20 46.9

800 Meters 1:50.40 1:50.1

1,500 Meters 3:47.80 3:47.5

Mile 4:06.00 4:05.7

3,000- Meter Steeple 9:07.00 9:06.7

5,000 Meters 14:12.00 14:11.7

10,000 Meters - Auto 28:45.00 28:44.7

10,000 Meters - Prov 29:30.00 29:29.7

110-Meter Hurdles 14.30 --

400-Meter Hurdles 52.51 52.2

400-Meter Relay 40.66 40.4

440-Yard Relay 40.86 40.6

1,600-Meter Relay 3:10.00 3:09.7

Mile Relay 3:11.10 3:10.8

High Jump 2.10

Pole Vault 5.05

Long Jump 7.34

Triple Jump 15.00

Shot Put 16.80

Discus 51.70

Javelin 61.60

Hammer 56.80

Decathlon Auto 7,500 points

Decathlon Prov 6,900 points

NCAA DIVISION I TRACK & FIELD WOMENS

REGIONAL QUALIFYING STANDARDS

Event FAT MT

100 Meters 11.75 --

200 Meters 23.96 --

400 Meters 54.61 54.3

800 Meters 2:09.80 2:09.5

1500 Meters 4:27.80 4:27.5

Mile 4:49.30 4:49.0

3,000-Meter Steeple 10:50.25 10:50.0

5000 Meters 16:52.00 16:51.7

10,000 Meters - Auto 33:30.00 33:29.7

10,000 Meters - Prov 35:00.00 34:59.7

100-Meter Hurdles 13.92 --

400-Meters Hurdles 1:00.82 1:00.5

400-Meter Relay 45.70 45.4

440-Yard Relay 45.90 45.6

1,600-Meter Relay 3:42.00 3:41.7

Mile Relay 3:43.30 3:43.0

High Jump 1.75

Pole Vault 3.85

Long Jump 6.00

Triple Jump 12.32

Shot Put 14.30

Discus 47.30

Javelin 43.45

Hammer 54.15

Heptathlon Auto 5,500 points

Heptathlon Prov 5,050 points


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Results with and without OTC Chula-Vista walkers. (Racewalkers are no longer able to train at ARCO.)

1997-2004: Medals at international competition: 3

2005-Present: Medals at international competition: 0

1997-2004: Number of athletes with A & B standards: 5

2005-Present: Number of athletes with A & B standards: 2

1997-2004: Number qualified for Olympic Games: 9

2005-Present: Number qualified for Olympic Games: 3

1997-2004: American Records: 20

2005-Present: American Records: 2

1997-2004: First-time Olympians: 5

2005-Present: First-time Olympians: 1


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Barcelona Olympic Silver Medallist Carlos Mercenario with Wesley Snipes and Sylvester Stalone at the Acapulco Planet Hollywood opening.




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Mexican competitions draw huge crowds, Corona/Tecate/Bohemia girls, cheerleaders and heavy media coverage.


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…and don’t even get me started on Ecuador! girls, cheerleaders and heavy media coverage.


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And in the US? girls, cheerleaders and heavy media coverage.


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Malcolm in the Middle girls, cheerleaders and heavy media coverage.


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Snicker Mr. T “Get Some Nuts” commercial girls, cheerleaders and heavy media coverage.



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Lack of Financial Support it’s bad press.

Poor International Results

Lack of Media Coverage


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Despite the challenges the event group faces, for the right kind of athlete there are many competitive opportunities, including the chance to represent the USA in international competition.



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: attributes

as

:


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similar VOTraining =↑ performance for racewalkers, just as it does for runners.



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Athletes who may not have the inherent athletic talent to be elite distance runners but who have the work ethic required to be elite athletes may be taught to be exceptional racewalkers.


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Racewalking is an endurance event, but also a technique-specific skill for which not everyone has an aptitude. It takes consistent training over time (10 years+?) to develop a top racewalker. But our chain has too many broken links to keep walkers around long enough to reach the top.


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There are many strong youth programs across the US that support the walks, yet only Maine and parts of New York State have racewalking in their track programs. And beyond high school, only the NAIA and a few Division II colleges conduct racewalks as scoring events in their meets.


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The few programs that do support racewalking have had a huge impact. One school, UW-Parkside has produced dozens of National Champions and five Olympians.


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Without opportunities for consistent training over time (à laHansons, Running USA, Nike Oregon Project) USA Racewalking has suffered.


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Characteristics of successful endurance programs: la

1. Physical activity during childhood and early adolescence.

2. Sport specialization at +/- age 16.5 years.

3. Long-term development.

4. Increased training volume and intensity during adolescence and young adulthood (16-24 years.)

5. High-quality coaching.

6. Training partners and team atmosphere.

GIBBONS, T.Common characteristics of successful endurance programs.Track Coach v169 Fall 2004; p.5398-5408; 5393


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  • Michelle Rohl la

  • Ran 4:21.09 for 1,500m in 1988, 16:49.37 for 5,000m in 1989

  • 15-time NAIA All-American

  • 1987 NAIA cross-country runner-up

  • 1988 NAIA 1,500m/3,000m indoor champion

  • Qualified for the 1996 Olympic Trials in the marathon with a 2:48:56.

  • Switched to racewalking to rehabilitate an Achilles injury and went on to set the 10,000m and 20k American racewalk records and make the 1992, 1996 and 2000 Olympic teams.


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  • Matt Boyles la

  • Three-time All-American runner at Rio Grande

  • 2004 Ohio NAIA & NCAA D-II Cross Country Runner of the Year

  • 2008 Indoor racewalk champion, 2nd at 20k and 50k Olympic Trials.



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DEFINITION OF RACE WALKING la

Rule 150:

Race Walking is a progression of steps so taken that the walker makes contact with the ground so that no visible (to the human eye) loss of contact occurs. The advancing leg must be straightened (i.e., not bent at the knee) from the moment of first contact with the ground until in the vertical position. Disqualification for failure to adhere to the above definition is governed by Rule 39.3.

Rule 39.3:

1. The Judges of Racewalking shall have the sole authority to determine the fairness or unfairness of walking, and their rulings, thereon shall be final and without appeal. Judging decisions are made as seen by the human eye.



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Racewalking for Runners: 5k training la

Monday: Off or easy 30-minute racewalk

Tuesday: 2K warm-up, then 8 to 12 x 400m at 6 seconds faster than 5K race pace, 2:00 rests

Wednesday: Easy 45-minute to 1-hour racewalk

Thursday: 2K warm-up, then 30-minute tempo run

Friday: Easy 45-minute to 1-hour racewalk

Saturday*: 2K Warm-up, then 6 x 1K at 5K race pace, 2:00 rests

Sunday: Easy 10-mile run. Accelerate over the last 5K, or add a few 30-second surges

*If racing, switch Saturday and Thursday workouts and cut the number of 1K repeats to 2 to 3.


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Racewalking for Runners: 10k training la

Monday: Off or easy 30-minute racewalk

Tuesday: 2K warm-up, then 12 to 16 x 400m at 6 seconds faster than 10K pace, 2:00 rests

Wednesday: Easy 45-minute to 1-hour racewalk

Thursday: Warm-up, then hard 45-minute to 1-hour run, or accelerate through 1 hour start easy finish fast

Friday: Easy 45-minute to 1-hour racewalk

Saturday: 2K warm-up, then 3-4 x 2K (or 1 mile) at 10K race pace, 3:00 rests

Sunday: Easy 12 mile run. Accelerate over the last 5-8K, or throw in a few 1-minute surges


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Racewalking for Runners: 20k training la

Monday: Off or very easy 30-minute racewalk

Tuesday: 2K warm-up, then 12-16 x 400m at 6 seconds faster than 1/2 marathon pace, 2:00 rests

Wednesday: Easy 1-hour racewalk

Thursday: Hard 60-90-minute run, or accelerate through 90 minutes. Start easy finish fast

Friday: Very easy 45-minute to 1-hour racewalk

Saturday: 2K warm-up, then 6-8 x 2K (or 1 mile) at 1/2 marathon race pace, 3:00 rests Sunday: Easy 12- to 15-mile run. Accelerate over the last 8K, or throw in a few 30-second surges.


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Resources for collegiate racewalkers la

NAIA Racewalking www.naiarw.com/NAIANEWSINFO.html

USATF Racewalking www.usatf.org/groups/RaceWalking

World Class Racewalking www.racewalking.org

Racewalk.com www.racewalk.com


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