Grammar elementary
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Grammar Elementary. Adverbs of manner. Form. We can form this type of adverb by adding – ly to an adjective : quick → quick ly bad → bad ly shy → shy ly quiet → quiet ly careful → careful ly. Form.

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Grammar Elementary

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Grammar elementary

Grammar Elementary

Adverbs of manner


Grammar elementary

Form

  • Wecanformthis type of adverb by adding–lyto anadjective:

    quick→quickly

    bad→badly

    shy → shyly

    quiet → quietly

    careful→ carefully


Grammar elementary

Form

  • Adjectives of more thanonesyllableending in –ychangethe–y to –i and add–ly:

    heavy→ heavily

    happy → happily

    noisy→ noisily

    thirsty → thirstily


Grammar elementary

Form

  • Adjectivesending in –bleremovethe–e andadd–y:

    reasonable→ reasonably

    expectable → expectably

    formidable→ formidably

    impossible → impossibly


Grammar elementary

Form

  • Adjectivesending in –icremoveadd–ally:

    dramatic→ dramatically

    fantastic → fantastically

    majestic→ majestically

    academic → academically

    tragic → tragically


Grammar elementary

Form

  • Theadjectivegooddoes not followthe–lyrule.

  • Itsrelatedadverbiswell.

    He is a goodfootballplayer.

    He playsfootballwell.


Grammar elementary

Note

  • Someadverbs and adjectives are thesame.

  • Fast, hard, early, late, high, low, right, wrong.

    Itis a fast car. This car isgoingfast.

    He isanearlybird. He getsupearly.


Grammar elementary

Note

  • Someadjectives end in –ly are not adverbs: lovely, friendly, silly, lonely...

  • To make anadverbsfrom these adjectiveswesayin alovely/ in afriendly…

    He wastalkingin a sillyway.

    Theydancedin a lovelymanner.


Confusion

Confusion

  • Oneadverbthatcausesconfusionishardly.

  • Themeaning of theadverbis: almost not.

  • Itisusedbefore a verb.

    I’m sorry. I hardlyknow her.

    = I almost do not know her.


Usage

Usage

  • Look at these sentences:

    1) The boy isbad. (adjective)

    2) Thisis a bad boy. (adjective)

    3) The boy behavesbadly. (adverb)


Word order

Word order

  • Beforeorafter verb:

    He readcarefullybecausetheletterwasveryimportant.

    Shequietlycameintothebedroom.

  • Afteranobjectifthereisone:

    Marina playsthe piano well.

    He waslooking on her shyly.


Literatura

Literatura

CLARKE, S. MacmillanEnglish Grammar In

ContextEssential. 1. vyd. Oxford: Macmillan

Publisher Ltd, 2008. ISBN 978-1-5040-7049-2.

MURPHY, R. Essential Grammar in Use. 3. vyd.

Cambridge: CUP, 2007. ISBN 978-0-521-67543-7.


Write present simple sentences and adverbs

Writepresentsimplesentences and adverbs:

  • You/type/slow.

  • They/cook/good.

  • Cindy/eat/quick.

  • She/getup/early.

  • I/complain/loud.

  • They/write/academic


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