Food nutrition diet series
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Food, Nutrition & Diet Series. Lecture 2: Metabolic Diseases By Dr Sultan Mahmood PhD Nutrition At Faiz Ghar , 18-Jul-2011. Malnutrition

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Food nutrition diet series

Food, Nutrition & Diet Series

Lecture 2:

Metabolic Diseases

By

Dr Sultan Mahmood

PhD Nutrition

At

FaizGhar, 18-Jul-2011


Food nutrition diet series

Malnutrition

is the condition that results from taking an imbalanced diet in which certain nutrients are lacking, in excess (too high an intake), or in the wrong proportions

The World Health Organizationcites malnutrition as the greatest single threat to the world's public health


Food nutrition diet series

  • In malnutrition,

  • (1) Emergency measures include providing

    • Deficient micronutrients through fortified sachet powders, or

    • Directly through food supplements.

  • (2) Long term measures include investing in modern agriculture in places that lack them, such as fertilizers and irrigation, which has largely eradicated hunger in the developing countries.


List of metabolic diseases

List of Metabolic Diseases

Proteins/fats/carbohydrates

  • Kwashiorkor

  • Marasmus

  • Mental retardation

    Dietary Minerals

  • Calcium deficiency

    • Osteoporosis

    • Rickets

  • Iodine deficiency

    • Goiter

  • Selenium deficiency

    • Keshan disease

  • Iron deficiency

    • Iron deficiency anemia

  • Zinc deficiency

    • Growth retardation

  • Dietary Vitamins

    • Thiamine (Vitamin B1) deficiency

      • Beriberi

    • Niacin (Vitamin B3)

      • Pellagra

    • Vitamin C

      • Scurvy

    • Vitamin D

      • Osteoporosis

      • Rickets

      • Obesity

      • Acidity

      • Cardio-Vascular Diseases

      • Diabetes

      • Hypertension

      • Arthritis / Gout

      • Brain Stroke, and many more…

    A: DEFICIENCY DISORDERS

    B: OVER-FED DISORDERS


    Over nutrition results in obesity

    Over-Nutrition Results in Obesity


    Over eating accelerates heart diseases see an atherosclerotic artery

    Over-Eating accelerates Heart Diseases (see an Atherosclerotic Artery)


    Alcoholism stops vitamin absorption

    Alcoholism stops Vitamin Absorption


    Use organic foods to avoid psychological problems

    Use Organic Foods to avoid Psychological Problems


    If over feeding to children is love then face the consequences

    If over-feeding to children is LOVE then face the consequences


    Over eaten meat destroys joints

    Over-Eaten Meat destroys Joints


    Iodine deficiency promotes goiter

    Iodine Deficiency Promotes Goiter


    Lack of calcium vit d invites arthritis osteoporosis

    Lack of Calcium & Vit-D invitesArthritis & Osteoporosis


    Prefer food over supplements

    Prefer Food over Supplements


    Ok you may opt for supplements if disorder has gone beyond control

    OK – You may opt for Supplements if disorder has gone beyond control


    Choose your life style

    Choose Your Life Style


    Be within the rational limits

    Be Within the Rational Limits


    Go for wise eating

    Go for wise eating


    Think which is better

    Think – Which is Better?


    Food nutrition diet series

    Questions???


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