The journey from rhythm blues to rock roll claude cailliet mike jacobs
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“The Journey from Rhythm & Blues to Rock & Roll.” Claude Cailliet Mike Jacobs. THE JOURNEY FROM R & B TO ROCK AND ROLL. Q: What is R & B ? (A : Rhythm & Blues) How did we get there? What happened/evolved to cause R & B to transform into Rock and Roll ? What is Rock and Roll? Rockabilly ?

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“The Journey from Rhythm & Blues to Rock & Roll.” Claude Cailliet Mike Jacobs

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“The Journey from Rhythm & Blues to Rock & Roll.”Claude CaillietMike Jacobs


THE JOURNEY FROM R & B TO ROCK AND ROLL

Q: What is R & B? (A: Rhythm & Blues)

How did we get there?

What happened/evolved to cause R & B to transform into Rock and Roll?

What is Rock and Roll? Rockabilly?

Why is this an important period in American history? Or American culture?

Why is this an importantMusic?


  • String Band

  • Blues (Delta)

  • Minstrel Show

  • Cakewalk

  • Ragtime

  • Vocal

  • Spiritual

  • Blues

  • Minstrel Show

  • Brass Band

  • Parade Music

  • Military Music

  • Blues

  • Ragtime

  • Piano

  • Classical (“Lite”)

  • Ragtime

Transition to JAZZ / ca. 1900

JAZZ

AFRICAN-EUROPEAN


  • Blues

  • City

  • Urban

  • Chicago

  • Vocal

  • Blues

  • Gospel

  • Swing

  • Crooning

  • Brass

  • Early Jazz Combo

  • Big Band (Swing)

  • Piano

  • Stride Style

  • Boogie-Woogie

  • Swing

JAZZ branching out: (1920s – 1940s)

JAZZ


Transition of Folk and Country Styles

(mid-1800s through mid-1900s)

  • Folk

  • Pre-20th Century European/American origin

  • Appalachian

  • Traditional

  • Topical

  • Protest

  • Singer/Songwriter

*Acoustic Instruments*

  • Country

  • American Southern folk

  • Appalachian folk

  • Old Time/Hillbilly/Cowboy

  • Western Swing

  • Bluegrass

  • Honky Tonk


Al Jolson & “Gus”


Rhythm & Blues

Evolving out of jump blues in the late '40s, R&B laid the groundwork for rock & roll. R&B kept the tempo and the drive of jump blues, but its instrumentation was sparer and the emphasis was on the song, not improvisation. It was blues chord changes played with an insistent (heavy) backbeat. Eventually, R&B transformed into soul, which was funkier and looser than the back-beat rhythms of R&B. Soul came to describe a number of R&B-based music styles.


Popular Styles leading to R & B

(1930s – 1940s)

  • Blues

  • City

  • Urban

  • Chicago

  • Vocal

  • Blues

  • Gospel

  • Swing

  • Crooning

  • Brass

  • Early Jazz Combo

  • Big Band (Swing)

  • Piano

  • Stride Style

  • Boogie-Woogie

  • Swing

  • Style / Tonality

  • Form (12-bar) + Blue-notes

  • Shouting (“gritty” vocals)

  • Melisma

  • Lyrics

  • Early R & B

  • Jump Blues

  • Jump Swing

  • Jump Boogie

  • Jump Shuffle

  • Groove

  • Swing + Boogie Woogie

  • Up-Tempo

Doo Wop


Great Migration: by decade1880s 70,0001890s 168,0001900s 170,0001910s 450,0001920s 750,0001930s 350,0001940s1,600,0001950s1,500,0001960s1,400,000


Dave Brubeck Quartet - 1951


What is Rock and Roll?


R & B + Country/Folk Attributes leading to Rock and Roll

  • Rhythm & Blues

  • Blues Form

  • Jump

  • Boogie

  • Up-Tempo

  • Back-Beat

  • Small Combo

  • Dynamic Vocals

  • Doo Wop

  • A-A-B-A Form

  • 12/8 Groove

  • Slower Tempo

  • Acapella (accompanied)

  • Crooning - Falsetto

  • Lyrics – Novelty

Rock and Roll

  • Country/Folk

  • Strophic Form

  • Straight-up Groove

  • Two-Beat

  • Plaintive Vocals

  • Duple-Meter

  • 3-Part Harmony

  • High Lonesome Sound

  • Storytelling


Rock and Roll

  • The blending of:

  • R & B and Folk/Country attributes

  • +

  • Focus on Amplified Guitar

  • Even More Energy

  • “Catchy” Melody

  • Rockabilly

  • Early form of Rock and Roll that retained more Country influence

  • Performed by Southern “white” musicians

  • “Twangy” Electric Guitar

  • “Slap-Back” Bass

  • Production style (Sun Records)

  • Echo (vocals) – Reverb (mix)


Rock and Roll Innovators

  • R & B Side

  • Chuck Berry

  • Little Richard

  • Bo Diddley

  • Big Joe Turner

  • Fats Domino

  • Country Side

  • Bill Haley

  • Elvis Presley

  • Jerry Lee Lewis

  • Carl Perkins

  • Buddy Holly

  • Roy Orbison

  • Everly Bros

  • Eddie Cochran

  • Gene Vincent


“Father of Rock and Roll” ?


Jerry Lee Lewis – Ferriday, LouisianaElvis Presley – Tupelo, MississippiBuddy Holly - Lubbock, Texas


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